DOVE: Desegregation of Virginia Education Papers, 1950-2012
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Brief Description:

The DOVE Collection contains materials organized into three different series which are Subject Files, Material Gathered Relating to 50th Anniversary of the End of Massive Resistance and ‘School Desegregation: Learn, Preserve and Empower’ Tour. The collection contains materials dated mainly from the early 1950s through the 1960s and 70s but also houses materials from the 21st Century related to the 50th Anniversary of the End of Massive Resistance. The collection also focuses on events, legal cases, media coverage, and photographs of desegregation in Virginia.  Specific regions represented in the collection are the City of Norfolk, Prince Edward County, Farmville, Charlottesville and the Eastern Shore of Virginia.

The DOVE collection contains a wide range of materials such as memoirs, photographs, newspaper clippings and other periodicals, correspondence, meeting minutes, and legal papers. These materials cover the earlier stated time span of the early 1950s through the Commemoration of Desegregation events of the 21st Century.

Of note are a number of legal opinions, decrees and orders written by Judge Walter Hoffman regarding various legal cases related to desegregation of Virginia’s schools.  The cases included are Ethel M. Norris v. State Council of Higher Education for Virginia, Michael Copeland v. School Board of the City of Portsmouth; Leola Pearl Beckett v. The School Board of the City of Norfolk, Virginia; Jerome A. Ad(t)kins v. The School Board of the City of Newport News, Virginia; Barbara J. Holmes v. Andrew A. Farley; Iris Jean Wilson v. Andrew A. Farley et al; James W. Holley, III v. The City of Portsmouth, VA.

Photographs, Oral Histories, and other material related to the DOVE project can be found in the Old Dominion University Libraries Digital Collections.

Held at:
Special Collections and University Archives
Email: pbruce [at]
Record Series Number: 00/MG 104
Volume: 0.42 Linear Feet
Acquired: 06/09/2009.

Series descriptions:

Series I:  Subject Files. The Subject Files include material relating to the desegregation of Virginia’s schools. Included are the papers of Judge Walter E. Hoffman, legal papers, newspaper clippings from Norfolk, Charlottesville, Farmville photographs of the R.R. Moton High School/Museum and Barbara Johns’ memoirs. Esther Bell Coleman biography entitled “A Conspiracy Theory” which details her experiences as a student in South Boston, Virginia in the mid-1970s.  

Series II: Commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of the End of Massive Resistance. This series includes materials relating to the events hosted by various groups in Norfolk, Virginia to commemorate the end of Massive Resistance and the beginning of desegregation of Virginia’s schools. The City of Norfolk, Old Dominion University, Norfolk State University and various other groups organized and participated in these events during 2008 and 2009.

Sub-Series A: Administrative. Meeting minutes, correspondence, reports and resolutions from the End of Massive Resistance Commission are included in this sub-series.

Sub-Series B: Events. Event schedules, newspaper clippings from media coverage of events, brochures, programs, fliers and other material related to the events for the 50th Anniversary of End of Massive Resistance.

Series III: “School Desegregation: Learn, Preserve and Empower” Tour. This traveling exhibit visited six different locations in Virginia to display photographs and present documentaries on the history of Virginia’s school desegregation. This exhibit also allowed participants the opportunity to share their stories through various means such as oral history recordings, letters, photographs, fliers, and posters. This exhibit travelled to Melfa on the Eastern Shore, Hampton, Farmville, Alexandria and Lynchburg, Virginia and the files in each sub-series are organized by location.

Access Restrictions: Collection is open to researchers without restrictions.
Subject Index
American Association of Retired Persons. Virginia
Desegregation of Virginia Education (DOVE)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. Virginia State Conference
Race relations--History--20th century
School integration--Law and legislation--United States--Cases
School integration--Massive resistance movement
School integration--Virginia--History--20th Century
Segregation in education--Virginia--History--20th century
Urban League of Hampton Roads
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Rights/Use Restrictions: Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from Special Collections and University Archives, and the holder of the copyright, if not Old Dominion University Libraries.
Acquisition Notes: Emily McMullen Harris  

Gift. Accession #A2009-21

Items were donated to the DOVE project from various donors and collected by DOVE project.  Content, such as oral histories, photographs and text documents were also collected from participants during DOVE “Learn, Preserve and Empower” tour.

Related Materials:

Old Dominion University Libraries Digital Collections: Desegregation of Virginia Education (DOVE) Collection

Desegregation of Virginia Education (DOVE) Project

PreferredCitation: [Identification of item], The Desegregation of Virginia Education (DOVE) Project Papers,  Box [insert number], Folder [insert number and title], Special Collections and University Archives, Patricia W. and J. Douglas Perry Library, Old Dominion University Libraries, Norfolk, VA 23529.