Paul T. Schweitzer Papers, 1955-1976 | Special Collections and University Archives
Norfolk (Va.)--Politics and government--20th century
Norfolk School Board (Norfolk, Va.)
School integration--Massive resistance movement
School integration--Virginia--Norfolk--History--20th century
Schweitzer, Paul T.
Paul T. Schweitzer was a Norfolk businessman who served on the Norfolk School Board from 1952 to 1960 and as a member of the Norfolk City Council from 1960 to 1968. His greatest prominence as a civic leader came during the "massive resistance" crisis when six Norfolk schools which were under court order to admit black students were closed by Governor J. Lindsay Almond, Jr. His papers consist of six series: correspondence dating from 1955 to 1968 concerned principally with Mr. Schweitzer's service on the school board during the massive resistance crisis and his service on the city council; legal documents including transcripts of court proceedings and oaths; publications dating from 1956 to 1961; newspaper clippings dating from 1957 to 1976; photographs including group pictures of the Norfolk School Board, Norfolk City Council and Norfolk Operation Understanding Group I; miscellaneous material including an outside proof of a newspaper advertisement-petition urging the reopening of the closed schools; and over-sized material including scrapbooks which contain principally newspaper clippings with some correspondence and political campaign materials.
Portions of the Paul T. Schweitzer Papers have been digitized and are available in the School Desegregation in Norfolk, Virginia collection of the Old Dominion University Libraries Digital Collections.