What to Cite

Any time you incorporate someone else's ideas or words into your paper or presentation, you must cite them.
These ideas may not only come from books and journal articles, but from conversations, images, multimedia, speeches, blogs, etc. They all need to be cited.
  • If you quote directly from a source, be sure to enter the quote using quotation marks, and also provide the citation.
  • If you paraphrase or summarize someone else's work, you must provide a citation. (more below)
  • If you read about a source from within another source, you still need to cite the secondary source.
For example:
If you want to discuss the study from American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (AJCN) mentioned in the MSN article, you need to cite the MSN article. Unless you find and read the original AJCN article, you can't cite it.
Another example:
If you gather information from an abstract in a database without reading the actual article, you must cite the abstract, not the article.
Note that it is always better to read the original source material yourself!

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