ODU LIBRARIES: Information Literacy and Research

Information Literacy Standards of the ACRL
(Associaton for College and Research Libraries)

Standard 1
Standard 2
Standard 3
Standard 4
Standard 5

Standard 5:
The information literate student understands many of the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses and uses information ethically and legally.

Performance Indicators:

  1. The information literate student understands many of the ethical, legal and socio-economic issues surrounding information and information technology.
  2. The information literate student follows laws, regulations, institutional policies, and etiquette related to the access and use of information resources.
  3. The information literate student acknowledges the use of information sources in communicating the product or performance.

1. The information literate student understands many of the ethical, legal and socio-economic issues surrounding information and information technology.

Outcomes Include:

A.Identifies and discusses issues related to privacy and security in both the print and electronic environments

Practice:

  1. Students discuss “identity theft."

    B. Identifies and discusses issues related to free vs. fee-based access to information

      Objective:

      1. Demonstrates an understanding that not all information on the Web is free, i.e., some Web-based databases require users to pay a fee or to subscribe in order to retrieve full text or other content.
      2. Demonstrates awareness that the library pays for access to databases, information tools, full-text resources, etc., and may use the Web to deliver them to its clientele.
      3. Describes how the terms of subscriptions or licenses may limit their use to a particular clientele or location.
      4. Describes the differences between the results of a search using a general Web search engine (e.g., Yahoo, Google) and a library-provided tool (e.g., Web-based article index, full-text electronic journal, Web-based library catalog).

       Practice:

        1. Students discuss what kinds of things are not available free on the web.
        2. Terminology used by students can demonstrate their understanding of this issue- “web accessible database”
        3. A library value is to provide as much as possible to as many as possible for free.
        4. Discussion on roles of professional associations in providing information to the community.
        5. Some free resources are of high quality.

C. Identifies and discusses issues related to censorship and freedom of speech

    D. Demonstrates an understanding of intellectual property, copyright, and fair use of copyrighted material

      Practice:

      1. Inter library Loan, Napster, Share-ware software and photocopying are examples that can be used when discussing fair use and copyright law.
2. The information literate student follows laws, regulations, institutional policies, and etiquette related to the access and use of information resources.

Outcomes Include:

A. Participates in electronic discussions following accepted practices (e.g. "Netiquette")

Practice:

      1. Set up a class listserv for discussions and include accepted practices as part of the guidelines for posting.

    B. Uses approved passwords and other forms of ID for access to information resources

      Practice:

      1. Students receive passwords and other forms of ID on a regular basis. Have them identify how many they have and ask them to reflect on the reasons for restricted access.

    C. Complies with institutional policies on access to information resources

      Practice:

      1. As part of the student’s orientation institutional policies are reviewed and student must understand consequences when policies are not adhered to.

D. Preserves the integrity of information resources, equipment, systems and facilities

    E. Legally obtains, stores, and disseminates text, data, images, or sounds

      Practice:

      1. Discuss “information stealing” what steps are necessary to comply with the law.

    F. Demonstrates an understanding of what constitutes plagiarism and does not represent work attributable to others as his/her own.

      Practice:

      1. Cyber plagiarism- how to cite- faculty walk students thru assignments.

    G. Demonstrates an understanding of institutional policies related to human subjects research

      Practice:

      1. A general discussion in research classes about the use of human subjects can include related articles that have appeared on this issue.

3. The information literate student acknowledges the use of information sources in communicating the product or performance.

Outcomes Include:

A. Selects an appropriate documentation style and uses it consistently to cite sources.

Objective:

      1. Describes how to use a documentation style to record bibliographic information from an item retrieved through research.
      2. Identifies citation elements for information sources in different formats (e.g., book, article, television program, Web page, interview).
      3. Demonstrates an understanding that there are different documentation styles, published or accepted by various groups (1).
      4. Demonstrates an understanding that the appropriate documentation style may vary by discipline (e.g., MLA for English, University of Chicago for history, APA for psychology, CBE for biology)
      5. Describes when the format of the source cited may dictate a certain citation style.
      6. Uses correctly and consistently the citation style appropriate to a specific discipline.
      7. Locates information about documentation styles either in print or electronically, e.g., through the library's Web site.
      8. Recognizes that consistency of citation format is important, especially if a course instructor has not required a particular style.

    Practice:

      1. Sources to cite original work -- no plagiarism.

B. Posts permission granted notices, as needed, for copyrighted material

Practice:

    1. As part of the requirement to cite sources used, also have students post permission granted notices to assure that this step has not been missed.