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Desegregation of
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Submission Number: 1
Title: WRVA Radio Collection
Creator: WRVA Radio
Call Number/Manuscript Number: none
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1925 - 2000
Types of records: Broadcast-radio; Memorabilia; Minutes; Organizational Records; Photographs; Press releases
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: ca. 48 cubic feet and 637 compact discs
Description: The Library of Virginia's WRVA Radio Collection covers three-quarters of a century, from the station's founding to the end of the twentieth century. It includes a wide array of materials related to the history of WRVA, including incorporation files, memos, meeting minutes, FCC license renewal applications, and newsletters; materials about its programs and listener responses to its programs; information on specific employees and announcers such as Alden Aaroe, Bertha Hewlett, Tim Timberlake, and others; and publications promoting WRVA and the Richmond area market to advertisers. The collection also includes photographs; sound recordings; and numerous other documents and memorabilia items related to the station. The series of sound recordings included in the WRVA collection includes 637 CDs reformatted with funds provided by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. These recordings document an astonishing variety of programs, personalities, and events related to the radio station and its development. Popular musical programs and performers, including the Old Dominion Barn Dance and the Corn Cob Pipe Club, figure prominently in this collection, as do the station's live reports and commentary on news events of local, state, national, and international significance between the 1930s and 1990s. Numerous special anniversary programs broadcast by the station provide a rich body of information on the station and its history, and feature synopses of important news events covered by WRVA throughout its history.
Subject: Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986
Additional Keywords: Virginia -- Politics and government -- 1951-; Radio broadcasting -- Virginia -- History
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 2
Title: WSB-TV newsfilm clip of reporter Neal Strozier commenting on a public address by Virginal governor J. Lindsay Almond in Richmond, Virginia and on the recent integration of the previously all-white schools in Arlington County and Norfolk, Virginia, 1959 Fe
Creator: WSB-TV (Television station : Atlanta, Ga.)
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
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Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1959 February 07 - 1959 February 07
Types of records: Broadcast-Television-News
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Arlington County and Norfolk, VA
Size: 1 clip (about 2 min.)
Description: Reporter: Strozier, Neal. In this WSB newsfilm clip from February 7, 1959, correspondent Neal Strozier speaking from Arlington County, Virginia, comments on the recent integration of the all-white schools in Arlington County and Norfolk, as well as a public address by governor J. Lindsay Almond in Richmond, Virginia. The clip begins with Strozier standing in front of Stratford Junior High School in Arlington County, Virginia as people enter the school. According to Strozier, twenty-one African American students began attending seven previously all-white schools in Norfolk and Arlington County, Virginia earlier that week. He reports that all seven of the schools are maintaining security precautions. While he speaks, the camera shows a uniformed policeman outside the school. The clip breaks and then shows Strozier again, this time standing in front of the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond. While he speaks, the camera focuses on flags flying above the capitol building and on the legislative chamber and people inside it. Strozier commends the state for its "grace and dignity" during integration. He mentions a public address by governor J. Lindsay Almond on January 28 in which the governor "rejected extremist demands for obstruction at all cost." For a few moments the clip shows Almond's January 28 speech. Strozier begins speaking again; while he speaks, the camera returns to Stratford Junior High School in Arlington, Virginia. A policeman stands behind a "No trespassing" sign, and young women in winter clothing carry books and walk past reporters toward the school. African American students, three boys and one girl, get out of a car; the driver makes an adjustment before closing the door. Later the camera shows a Norfolk school where one African American student sits in a classroom with white students as the teacher walks back and forth in front of the classroom. Strozier, speaking again of Almond's January 28th speech, relays the governor's call for observance of federal law and for "keeping with Virginia's tradition of peace and order." Strozier confirms that local authorities in Arlington County have "shown every determination to keep peace and order" and that there white students are starting to accept their new African American peers. He also reports that schools in Norfolk, which had been closed for half a year to prevent integration are now attended by both white and African American students. While not every student has returned, he notes that those who are in school seem more interested in resuming their education than in the fact of integration. As the camera pans back to focus on Strozier, he states that police in Norfolk and in Arlington are prepared for racial incidents and praises the restraint shown in the communities. The clip audio breaks for a moment, after which Strozier comments that state and local officials surrendered "gracefully" after fighting to the end. He also notes that the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) "has refrained from actively pushing integration further south in Virginia where feeling might have run higher." He explains that both the African American community and white officials want to avoid the rioting and tension that occurred during the 1957 desegregation of Little Rock Central High School. The first lawsuit for school integration in Virginia was filed in 1951 in Prince Edward County. The case was eventually incorporated into the 1954 United States Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education, which ruled against segregation in public education. State officials in Virginia, led by United States senator Harry Byrd, organized a plan of "massive resistance" by passing laws designed to prevent desegregation, including closing schools facing desegregation and providing tuition grants to private schools for displaced white students. In the fall of 1958, schools in Norfolk, Charlottesville, and Warren County, Virginia, were closed after the courts ordered the admission of African American students. A total of nine white public schools were closed, leaving 13,000 students out of school for the semester. On January 2, 1959, state and federal courts struck down the school closing law. On February 2, Stratford Junior High School in Arlington, and six schools in Norfolk admitted a total of twenty-one African American students. Title supplied by cataloger. The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for digital conversion and description of the WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Strozier, Neal; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Central High School (Little Rock, Ark.); Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County; Public schools -- Virginia -- Warren County; Public schools -- Virginia -- Charlotte
Name of repository: The Civil Rights Digital Library
Address: Digital Library of Georgia University of Georgia Libraries, University of Georgia Athens, Georgia 30602-1641
Contact Name: Dr. P. Toby Graham
Contact Title: Director, Digital Library of Georgia
Contact Phone: (706) 583-0213
Contact Email: tgraham@uga.edu
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 3
Title: It's Just Me...The Integration of the Arlington Public Schools
Creator: Stuhldreher, John; Arlington Public Schools (Arlington, Va.); Arlington Educational Television
Call Number/Manuscript Number: OCLC Number: 49343756
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.arlingtonva.us/Departments/AVN/News/page68288.aspx
Date range: 2001 - 2001
Types of records: Broadcast-Television-News; Documentary Films
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Arlington County, VA
Size: 1 videocassette (58 min.) : sd., col. ; 1/2 in.
Description: On February 2, 1959, four seventh grade students entered through the front doors of Stratford Junior High School. School was already in session as the students negotiated a battalion of helmeted police officers protecting the perimeter of the school grounds. At first appearance, these students seemed different than the average Stratford Junior High School student in attendance until this day. These students were black, and in their steps followed the desegregation and integration of public schools in Arlington and Virginia. The documentary, "Its Just Me ..." the integration of the Arlington public schools, revisits and explores the events leading up to that February day at Stratford Junior High School."--AETV website
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Documentary films -- United States
Name of repository: Arlington County Public Library, Arlington Community Archives, Virginia Room
Address: 1015 N. Quincy St Arlington, Virginia 22201
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (703) 228-5966
Contact Email:
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 4
Title: Martha Singo
Creator: Singo, Martha
Call Number/Manuscript Number: M829 #6
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 2/16/1956 - 1956
Types of records: Clippings
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 1 newsclipping
Description: Mounted newspaper clipping from the Montgomery News Messenger, dated February 16, 1956. Article notes that there are four black students at VPI with the first student arriving in 1953. This early and quiet integration is contrasted with UVA's later acceptance of its first black student and the violence accompanying integration in other southern states. Article also contrasts VPI's failure to allow Negro students to live or eat on campus with UVA's more open policies, and Virginia's refusal at that time to allow Negroes to take courses in predominately white universities that were available in predominantly African-American universities.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; University of Virginia
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 5
Title: Racial and Ethnic Minorities
Creator: University Archives
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 8/2/8c
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1953 - 2008
Types of records: Clippings
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 3 folders
Description: Collection of newspaper clippings regarding racial incidents, black student activities and concerns, and the progress or lack thereof by Virginia Tech in the hiring of black faculty and recruitment of black students. First clipping is dated 1953 but the bulk of the clippings postdate 1970.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg VA, 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 6
Title: WSB-TV newsfilm clip of reporter Ray Moore interviewing United States attorney general Robert F. Kennedy about the Freedom Rides and about school integration, Washington, D.C., 1961
Creator: WSB-TV (Television station : Atlanta, Ga.)
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1961 - 1961
Types of records: Broadcast-Television-News
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: 1 clip (about 22 min.)
Description: Reporter: Moore, Ray, 1922-. In this WSB newsfilm clip from the summer of 1961 in Washington, D.C., WSB reporter Ray Moore interviews United States attorney general Robert F. Kennedy about the Freedom Rides and school integration. The clip begins with United States attorney general Robert F. Kennedy sitting in a room with an American flag behind him. WSB reporter Ray Moore appears to be listening to something; in front of him are several pages with portions of text blacked out. The clip breaks a few times before the audio portion of the interview beings. Moore's first question to Kennedy about riots in Montgomery, Alabama, is incompletely recorded. In response to the question, Kennedy declares the unspecified charges are "simply untrue." Asked about his relationship with the Freedom Ride sponsored by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Kennedy claims that he first heard about the Freedom Ride on Monday, May 15, 1961, the day after the attack and bus burning in Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama. He asserts that he had not had any prior conversations about the rides with "CORE or anybody else." According to accounts of the civil rights workers involved in the Freedom Rides, the CORE office sent informational letters about the Freedom Rides two weeks before the May 4 departure from Washington, D.C. They reported sending letters to president John F. Kennedy; Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) director J. Edgar Hoover, attorney general Robert F. Kennedy; the chairman of the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) and the presidents of Trailways and Greyhound bus companies. CORE received no responses. Simeon Booker, a reporter who traveled with the riders from Washington D.C. also met with Robert Kennedy and his assistant John Seigenthaler the day before the ride began but felt after the visit that the attorney general had not been paying full attention. Kennedy then volunteers to tell Moore about his experience with the Freedom Rides. He opens with the events following the May 14 bus burning in Anniston and the beatings in Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama. According to Kennedy, the Freedom Riders were in Birmingham on Monday, May 15 and were trying to continue their journey to New Orleans. Kennedy reports he spoke with Alabama director of public safety, Floyd Mann, after having been unsuccessful in his attempts to contact Alabama governor John Patterson. Mann was able to get governor Patterson to agree to provide some protection to the Freedom Riders. However, after Kennedy relayed that information to the Freedom Riders and they got on the bus in Birmingham, Mann called Kennedy and told him that the bus driver wouldn't drive the bus. Kennedy confirms that after hearing from Mann, he called the manager of the Greyhound station in Birmingham, George Cruit, and expressed his desire the Freedom Riders make their trip. Cruit recorded that conversation, and it later received significant attention in Alabama. At this point, Moore interrupts Kennedy to repeat the statements made by George Cruit. At an unspecified hearing about the Freedom Rides, Cruit testified that Kennedy said he had gone to a lot of trouble for the Freedom Riders and would be upset if the riders did not complete their trip to Montgomery. Kennedy admits that he and his staff at the Justice Department had put a lot of effort into getting the Freedom Riders safely from Birmingham to Montgomery. He refutes allegations that his attention to the Freedom Rider's safety proves that he supported their protest and that they were sent by the Federal government. Kennedy asserts that those allegations are untrue and explains again that he was concerned with the safety of the travelers. Asked about governor Patterson's assurance that the riders would be safe, Kennedy clarifies that he did not personally speak with governor Patterson. Through Kennedy's conversations with Mann the governor assured Kennedy that the riders would be protected "and that they wouldn't have difficulty or problems." Unfortunately, Mann later called Kennedy to say the governor changed his mind and that if the riders traveled, they would do so on their own and without protection. Kennedy expressed his frustration to Mann, telling Mann "that where I come from is somebody gives their word about something that they live up to their word." When Moore asks Kennedy if he spoke to Mann as calmly as he is speaking in the interview, Kennedy says he did. Moore asks Kennedy about Governor Patterson's call to President John F. Kennedy on Friday, May 19. Kennedy postpones the question and returns to the events of May 15. He recounts that after the challenges at the bus terminal on May 15, the Freedom Riders flew to New Orleans that evening. Kennedy recalls that after the first group of riders arrived in New Orleans, he began hearing about other groups coming to Birmingham to continue the plan to travel by bus to New Orleans. Although he did not question the legal right of civil rights workers to travel on Freedom Rides, Kennedy confirms the situation was stormy. Kennedy tried to contact Governor Patterson for several days to talk about the situation but was unsuccessful. Finally, President John F. Kennedy tried to get Patterson to promise to protect the new Freedom Riders. Kennedy points out that the road safely traveled through several states, without any intervention by the federal government. He confirms the desire of the Justice Department and the president that Alabama officials handle the situation. On Friday, May 19, Governor Patterson through a messenger asked to meet with a personal representative of the president. Robert Kennedy says he sent John Seigenthaler, a staff member at the Department of Justice, to Alabama that day. Seigenthaler met with Governor Patterson that evening and, as Kennedy reports, received assurance from Patterson that Alabama had "the means, the ability, and the will to protect" the Freedom Riders. Kennedy reports that twelve hours after these assurances, Seigenthaler "was lying on the ground in Montgomery, unconscious, having been beaten" by a mob about which the FBI had warned the Montgomery Police Department. Kennedy blames a small group of people for the mob attack, although he recognizes that many people in Alabama do not support the Freedom Riders. Since Kennedy and others in the federal government "found that law and order couldn't be maintained for people traveling in interstate commerce," they sent federal marshals "to ensure that there was protection in interstate commerce." Moore follows up on the decision to send federal marshals to Alabama, asking why the government chose to send marshals instead of troops. Kennedy replies that he is against sending troops in when he feels marshals can do the job. Moore asks if the Justice Department had organized a plan for using federal marshals following the riots surrounding the court-ordered integration of Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Kennedy denies that the department had organized a plan for using marshals, although a few had subsequently received training to deal with riot situations. Kennedy affirms that there is now a plan to make better use of trained marshals in future cases of unrest. Next, Moore asks Kennedy to comment on governor Patterson's claim that the federal government does not have the authority to move federal forces into a state unless they are requested. Kennedy counters Patterson's assertion and insists the law clearly "shows that we had a legal right to move the marshals into the state of Alabama." Moore then asks Kennedy why he waited until after rioting in Montgomery to request a "cooling off period." Kennedy replies that after the mob attack and riots in Montgomery, he felt the situation "became more acute." Continuing, Kennedy again recognizes the legal right of integrated interstate travel and praises authorities in Chicago who have protected travelers rather than letting them be attacked for several minutes before responding. Returning to the question of federal intervention in Alabama, Kennedy maintains he would not have sent marshals if state leaders had met their responsibility. He also argues that if he had not sent marshals he would be derelict in his duty, responsibility, obligation, and oath. Following this, Moore asks the cameraman to pause recording; after the pause, Moore asks Kennedy about a "friend of the court" brief the Justice Department filed supporting a case by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) against segregated transportation in Jackson, Mississippi. Asked why the department did not follow the NAACP's lead asking for an end to police harassment, Kennedy recognizes the department opposed the NAACP on that issue because they felt "it would impede the operations of the police department and policemen in Jackson." In July 1961, the NAACP on behalf of three African Americans from Jackson, Mississippi, filed a suit seeking an end to segregation in interstate and intrastate travel. The case was brought before a three-judge circuit court in September 1961. In February 1962, the United States Supreme Court in Bailey v. Patterson ruled in favor of the NAACP and against segregation in transportation facilities. Finally, Moore brings up the topic of school desegregation, beginning with tuition grants in Prince Edward County, Virginia. Moore asks Kennedy why the Justice Department tried to enter the case as a friend of the court on behalf of African American parents challenging the closing of the public schools and the issuance of tuition grants for private educational facilities. In his reply, Kennedy explains that there are 1,700 African American students who have not had access to public education since the school system closed in the fall of 1959. Continuing, he expresses his belief that tuition grants are not the proper way of handling the situation. Moore comments that the judge in the case did not accept the Justice Department's friend of the court brief. Kennedy responds that the Justice Department only took action in the case when their attempts to encourage local leaders to reopen the public schools were unsuccessful. He declares that the Justice Department will remain interested in the school situation in Prince Edward County. Asked if the department will ask Congress for power to initiate school desegregation suits, Kennedy replies that they have no plans to do so. Moore then turns to upcoming school desegregation of the eleventh and twelfth grades in Atlanta in the fall of 1961. Moore quotes Georgia attorney general Eugene Cook who condemns visits by two Justice Department employees as implying that Atlanta will not comply with court-ordered integration. Kennedy counters by expressing his confidence in the citizens of Atlanta and Georgia. He recognizes that school integration is a challenging situation and affirms that discussions recognizing the challenges of desegregation help smooth the process. He asserts that he does not anticipate problems in school desegregation in Atlanta and that it is also wise to "make sure that we all understand what the situation is and to assure that we also have met our responsibilities." Kennedy then refuses to make a firm statement on tuition grants, expressing his need to review specific laws before making judgments. The clip ends with an image of Kennedy and Moore sitting across the table from each other. Title supplied by cataloger. The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for digital conversion and description of the WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968; Moore, Ray, 1922-; Mann, Floyd H., 1920-1996; Patterson, John Malcolm, 1921-; Cruit, George; Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963; Seigenthaler, John, 1927-; Cook, Eugene, 1904-; Reporters and reporting; Freedom Rid
Name of repository: The Civil Rights Digital Library
Address: Digital Library of Georgia University of Georgia Libraries, University of Georgia Athens, Georgia 30602-1641
Contact Name: Dr. P. Toby Graham
Contact Title: Director, Digital Library of Georgia
Contact Phone: (706) 583-0213
Contact Email: tgraham@uga.edu
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 7
Title: WSB-TV newsfilm clip of governor J. Lindsay Almond at a press conference declaring that schools will close if federal troops are sent to enforce desegregation, Richmond, Virginia, 1958 August 21
Creator: WSB-TV (Television station : Atlanta, Ga.)
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
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Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1958 August 21 - 1958 August 21
Types of records: Broadcast-Television-News
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 1 clip (about 1 min.)
Description: In this WSB newsfilm clip from August 21, 1958, Virginia governor J. Lindsay Almond speaks to reporters at a press conference held in Richmond, Virginia and declares that schools will close if federal troops are sent to enforce desegregation. As the clip begins, Almond is sitting at one end of a table with reporters taking notes at the other end of the table. Almond asserts "there will be no enforced integration in Virginia." While expressing his respect for president Dwight Eisenhower, he declares without "defiance" that if federal troops are sent to Virginia to enforce court-ordered desegregation, he will close the schools. Governor Almond held a press conference on August 21 in response to comments made by president Eisenhower the day before. According to newspaper reports, Eisenhower declared it was "the solemn duty of all Americans to comply with the Supreme Court's order to end racial discrimination in public schools." In other comments made during the press conference and not recorded in this newsfilm clip, Almond defends education as "a state matter" and maintains that desegregation "would destroy the process of education." During his comments, he asked for support of a state policy against racial integration in public schools. School integration lawsuits in Virginia began in 1951 in Prince Edward County. That case was eventually incorporated into the United States Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education. Almond, who was Virginia attorney general at the time, was one of the lawyers who argued in favor of segregated education. On May 17, 1954, the Supreme Court ruled against segregation in public education. State officials in Virginia organized a plan of "massive resistance" to court-ordered desegregation, passing laws requiring integrated schools to close and providing tuition grants to white students displaced by school desegregation. In the fall of 1958, nine white public schools closed in Norfolk, Charlottesville, and Warren County, Virginia. On January 20, 1959, both state and federal courts overturned the state law requiring integrated schools to close. After the ruling, Almond called a special legislative session during which he announced the end of the "massive resistance" campaign. The following Monday, February 2, 1959, seven schools in Arlington and Norfolk integrated. Title supplied by cataloger. The Civil Rights Digital Library received support from a National Leadership Grant for Libraries awarded to the University of Georgia by the Institute of Museum and Library Services for digital conversion and description of the WSB-TV Newsfilm Collection.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969; Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County; Public schools -- Virginia -- Norfolk; Public schools -- Virginia -- Charlottesville; Public schools -- Virginia -- Warren County
Name of repository: The Digital Library of Georgia
Address: University of Georgia Libraries, University of Georgia Athens, Georgia 30602-1641
Contact Name: Dr. P. Toby Graham
Contact Title: Director, Digital Library of Georgia
Contact Phone: (706) 583-0213
Contact Email: tgraham@uga.edu
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 8
Title: National Society of Black Engineers
Creator: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 31/2/41
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1991 - 1995
Types of records: Clippings
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 1 folder
Description: Consists of a news clipping, a flyer, and a copy of "Innovations", a newsletter produced by the Virginia Tech Chapter of the National Society of Black Engineers (NSBE), Spring 1991. The newsletter contains an article about the Society's founding members (chartered in 1982), describing where they are and what they are doing in 1991.
Subject: African American students
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Virginia Tech Chapter of the National Society of Black Engineers
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries, PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 9
Title: Black Faculty Staff Caucus
Creator: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 30/6
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1981 - 1992
Types of records: Clippings
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 1 folder
Description: Set of news clippings related to the Va. Tech Black Faculty and Staff Caucus, the problems of attracting and retaining black faculty and staff, black student concerns, and a partial list of names and addresses divided by year. The list was issued in 1982 and may be the names of black faculty and/or staff between the years 1975 (partial) and 1981.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations
Additional Keywords: African American faculty; Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries, PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 10
Title: Massive Resistance-Printed materials
Creator: unknown
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 98
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/index.htm
Date range: 1958 - 1960
Types of records: Clippings
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions: The collection is open to researchers with no restrictions. Information on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia; Norfolk, VA
Size: 2 Hollinger document cases
Description: Consists of regional and national newspaper clippings covering the "Massive Resistance" movement and public reaction to the desegregation and subsequent closing of some of Norfolk's public schools. Also discussed are state and local politicians such as Governor Lindsay Almond, Jr., who ordered the closing the Norfolk schools that enrolled African American students, and Mayor William Fred Duckworth, who opposed de-segregating the public schools. Some of the clippings discuss the fate of those students whose graduation was put in jeopardy by the school closing, known as "The Lost Class of '59."
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Board; Duckworth, William F.; Public schools -- Virginia -- Norfolk
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 11
Title: Fenwick, Charles Rogers (1901-1969)
Creator: Fenwick, Charles Rogers (1901-1969)
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 81-359
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1940 - 1969
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Diaries; Financial records; Government papers; Memorabilia; Organizational Records; Photographs; Press releases; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Arlington, VA
Size: 11 ft. (ca. 11,200 items)
Description: Lawyer and State legislator, of Arlington, Va. Correspondence, minutes, financial papers, speeches, documents, biographical material, press releases, clippings, scrapbooks, and photos, relating chiefly to Fenwick's work as a member of State Democratic Central Committee and chairman of 10th District Executive Committee. Includes material on 1966 senatorial campaigns of Harry Byrd (b. 1914) and A. Willis Robertson, 1964 and 1968 national elections, 1965 gubernatorial election, and Fenwick's own 1963 and 1967 State senatorial campaigns and 1945 race for lieutenant governor and the contested results and court case in Wise County, Va.; Virginia constitutional amendments (1967-68), bond issue for higher education and mental health (1968), school integration and the Perrow commission report (1959); and his tenure as member of Board of Visitors of University of Virginia and the development and expansion of George Mason College, Fairfax, Va. Correspondents include Watkins M. Abbitt, and Harry F. Byrd, Sr.
Subject: African American students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration
Additional Keywords: Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914; Robertson, A. Willis; Virginia. General Assembly; University of Virginia; George Mason University; Legislators -- Virginia -- Arlington; Fenwick, Charles Rogers, 1901-1969
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 12
Title: Forrest P. White Papers
Creator: White, Forrest P.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 5
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/whiteforrest.htm
Date range: 1952 - 1963
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Financial records; Government papers; Legal documents; Memorabilia; Press releases; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: Two hollinger documents cases
Description: Dr. Forrest P. White was born in Norfolk in 1920. He graduated from Randolph-Macon College and the Medical College of Virginia. He served his internship in the United States Navy (1945-1946) and then served in the Medical Corps of the United States Naval Reserve (1946-1947). He served his residency at the Medical College of Virginia Hospitals from 1948 to 1950 and became a practicing pediatrician in Norfolk, Virginia. Dr. White was active in local politics in Norfolk and played a central role in the formation and running of the Norfolk Committee for Public Schools, an organization which opposed the closing of that city's public schools during the desegregation crisis of the late 1950's and early 1960's. The papers of Dr. White date from 1952 to 1963, the bulk of which primarily concerns the desegregation of Norfolk, Virginia's public schools. There is some material on the Gray Commission Report (1955-1956), much more on the Norfolk Committee for Public Schools, an organization in which Dr. White was active from 1958 to 1963. The latter material includes correspondence, publicity releases, financial records, and newspaper clippings. There are small amounts of material on the 1952 Byrd-Miller Democratic Senatorial primary and on the 1961 Citizens for Democratic Government campaign in Norfolk's Democratic primary.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Norfolk Committee for Public Schools; Gray Commission Report; White, Forrest P.
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 13
Title: Virginia Council on Human Relations. Charlottesville-Albemarle Chapter
Creator: Virginia Council on Human Relations. Charlottesville-Albemarle Chapter
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 81-386
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1955 - 1970
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Financial records; Memorabilia; Minutes; Organizational Records; Press releases; Proceedings; Reports; Speeches
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Charlottesville, Albemarle County
Size: 3200 items
Description: Correspondence, minutes, speeches, bylaws, financial records, membership lists, surveys, newsletters, and clippings, relating chiefly to desegregation of public schools, fair housing, and equal employment opportunity, and also to Homeward Bound for returning Vietnam veterans, voter registration, school curricula reform, and prison reform. Includes correspondence, minutes, bylaws, financial statements, press releases, and publications of the State board of directors and executive committee; and material from Virginia Equal Employment Opportunity Committee, Southern Regional Council, Citizens for Superior Albemarle Schools, PTA, NAACP, Anti-Defamation League, and President's Committee on Equal Employment. Correspondents include Harry F. Byrd, Sr., Lyndon B. Johnson, Thurgood Marshall, A. Willis Robertson, and Howard W. Smith.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Equal Employment Opportunity Committee; Parents' and teachers' associations; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; B'nai B'rith. Anti-defamation League; Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973; Marshall, Thurgood, 1908
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 14
Title: Papers of Charles H. Ford
Creator: Ford, Charles Howard, 1964-
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 103
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/ford.htm
Date range: 1983 - 2011
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Financial records; Memorabilia; Minutes; Pamphlets; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, Tidewater Virginia
Size: Two document cases
Description: Dr. Charles Ford is an interim associate dean and history professor at Norfolk State University. His collection includes material on Ford's research on African American history and gay cultural and activist groups, primarily the Tidewater AIDS Community Task Force. These materials include correspondence, brochures, convention booklets, financial records, minutes, reports, promotional materials, a corporation agreement, invitations, cards, DVDs featuring lectures given by Dr. Ford, documents created by organizations, and articles from newspapers and magazines. Includes a history of Suburban church in Virginia Beach.
Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Race relations
Additional Keywords: Ford, Charles H.; Norfolk State University
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: 757 683 4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 15
Title: Oliver Hill Papers, Box 30
Creator: Hill, Oliver W., 1907-2007
Call Number/Manuscript Number: 2005. _ (incomplete/unassigned) Box 30
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Oliver Hill, Sr. Papers
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1954 - 1998
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Financial records; Memorabilia; Photographs; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Still in process, not yet available for research.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: unknown
Description: Oliver Hill became part of the national conscience in 1948, when he won a seat on the Richmond City Council. In 1950 he was appointed a public member of the President's Committee on Contract Compliance. Along with other prominent lawyers, he became co-counsel for many civil-rights lawsuits including Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County(1951)which became one of five cases collected under Brown v. Board of Education (1954)resulting in the decision that "separate but equal" facilities were unconstitutional. During the 1960s, Hill worked with the Federal Housing Commission and became partner in the firm of Hill, Tucker, and Marsh. Over the years, Hill also served on many boards and received numerous awards for his invaluable contributions to society. Oliver Hill passed away on August 5, 2007 in Richmond, Virginia. Unprocessed collection includes: newspaper articles, letters of correspondence, reports for the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), lecture notes, and speeches.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County; Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County; Hill, Oliver W., 1907-2007; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Name of repository: Virginia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Montague Hall 1 Hayden Dr. Petersburg, VA 23806
Contact Name: Lucious Edwards
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 804-524-5749
Contact Email: ledwards@vsu.edu
Dove region: region2

Submission Number: 16
Title: The Papers of Dr. Michael J. Stolee
Creator: Stolee, Michael J.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 102
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/stolee.htm
Date range: 1952 - 1993
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Government papers; Legal documents; Maps; Memorabilia; Narrative; Organizational Records; Pamphlets; Photographs; Reports; Speeches
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: United States
Size: 21 Hollinger document cases, 1 half document case, 1 oversize box, and 1 multimedia box. 11.2 linear feet.
Description: The collection documents Stolee's work as a court and school system-appointed advisor in school desegregation cases in 68 school districts. The most extensively documented work is the protracted legal battle centering on Benton Harbor, Michigan, and efforts to integrate its school systems. The collection also includes biographical material on Stolee, historical material on school desegregation and material about the establishment and operation of the Florida Desegregation Center at the University of Miami. Other professionals documented in this collection are Dr. Janice Sodos, a Milwaukee superintendent and consultant and Herbert Norder. Dr. Stolee's papers range in date from 1964 to 2009, with the bulk being from the late 1970s to 1999. Materials in the collection include newspaper clippings, lecture transparencies, court orders and depositions, work schedules, school desegregation plans, Congressional records, term papers, notepads, maps, photographs, drawings, handwritten notes, brochures, computer disks, bound notebooks, speeches and a memoir.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Busing for school integration; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Florida School Desegregation Consulting Center at the University of Miami; Public Schools--United States
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 17
Title: Hutcheson, Joseph Collier (1906-1972)
Creator: Hutcheson, Joseph Collier (1906-1972)
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 81-364
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1930 - 1972
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Government papers; Memorabilia; Organizational Records; Petitions; Photographs; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 3 ft. (ca. 28,000 items)
Description: Virginia State legislator. Chiefly correspondence, lists, petitions, speeches, memos, and other political papers; together with personal correspondence, clippings, and photos. Includes material on election campaigns, political appointments, committee assignments, public school integration, General Assembly Special Session on the Revision of the Constitution (1969), and State Commission on Public Education. Correspondents include Watkins M. Abbitt, Garland Gray, and William M. Tuck, and Hutcheson's father, Herbert Farrar Hutcheson, and brother, Charles Sterling Hutcheson.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: Virginia. General Assembly; Hutcheson, Joseph Collier, 1906-1972; Abbitt, Watkins Moorman,1908-1998; Gray, Garland; Tuck, William M. (William Munford), 1896-1983; Hutcheson, Herbert Farrar; Hutcheson, Charles Sterling
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 18
Title: Muse, Benjamin (1898-)
Creator: Muse, Benjamin (1898-)
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 77-1240
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1934 - 1966
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Government papers; Memorabilia; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Manassas, VA
Size: ca. 975 items
Description: In part, microfilm of newspaper clippings which were returned to Mr. Muse. Foreign Service officer, politician, and author, of Reston, Va. Chiefly correspondence and speeches on Virginia political issues, including social security and massive resistance to desegregation in schools, and to Muse's break with the Democratic Party in 1936, his Republican gubernatorial candidacy in 1941, and his research on Virginia for "Presidential Nominating Politics in 1952" (1954) by Paul D. Theodore; chapters of a book on Muse's attitudes toward blacks; and scrapbooks of newspaper clippings. Much of the correspondence was generated by Muse's Washington Post column entitled Virginia Affairs, editorials for the Manassas Messenger, and magazine articles. Correspondents include Frank Bane, John S. Battle, Sarah (Patton) Boyle, Harry F. Byrd (1887-1966), Harry F. Byrd (b. 1914), Lenoir Chambers, Virginius Dabney, Theodore Roosevelt Dalton, Colgate W. Darden, Leslie W. Dunbar, and Patrick H. Drewry.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Battle, John Stewart, 1890-1972; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966; Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914; Chambers, Lenoir, 1891-1970; Boyle, Sarah-Patton, 1906-; Darden, Colgate W. (Colgate Whitehead), 1897-1981; Dunbar, Leslie; Muse, Benjamin, 1898-
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 19
Title: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Charlottesville Division, Civil Action Case #102- Karol Williams, et al vs. the School Board of the City of Charlottesville, the County School Board of Albemarle County, et als
Creator: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Charlottesville Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #102
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1963 - 1965
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Legal documents
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Charlottesville, Albemarle County
Size: unknown
Description: In 1950, the City of Charlottesville used public funds to purchase land in which to construct what became Burley High school. Burley had a wholly African-American student body and faculty, up to and including the principle. Burley was unique in that it was the only school to be jointly funded and generally under the jurisdiction of the City of Charlottesville and the County of Albemarle. Upon graduating from elementary schools, City and County black children alike were regularly assigned to this institution, whereas their white counterparts found themselves assigned to high schools controlled and funded by their original, respective jurisdictions, solely. Setting aside the issue of dual race educational systems, it was seen that the joint Charlottesville-Albemarle venture posed serious difficulties and imposed barriers on its students not experienced likewise by other, normal, schools. In January of 1963, the school boards of each district separately, yet cooperatively approved measures to construct a new facility on the Burley High property for the schooling of entirely black junior high students. The plaintiffs argued that if carried out, the construction project would "considerably delay and for a long time prevent compliance with the mandate of the 14th Amendment-.that local school authorities take steps to end racial discrimination in the assignment of children to public schools." As a result of Edward W. Rushton, Division Superintendent of Schools of the City of Charlottesville, saying that the City had resolved to discontinue its participation in the Burley High School at the close of the 1966-67 year, the Court deemed it appropriate to dismiss the case. There was no objection by the counsel for the plaintiff.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 20
Title: Boswell, Archie L.
Creator: Boswell, Archie L.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 59
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/boswell.htm
Date range: 1959 - 1961
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: Two hollinger document cases
Description: Archie L. Boswell, an attorney from Norfolk, represented the plaintiffs in the two cases, James v. Duckworth and James v. Almond, initiated to reopen the Norfolk public schools closed to avoid integration as part of Virginia's Massive Resistance legislation.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; Public schools; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Duckworth, William F. ; Boswell, Archie L.
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 21
Title: The lost class of '59 a study of Virginia's massive resistance : segregation and the Norfolk Public Schools
Creator: CBS Television Network; edited and produced by Edward R. Murrow, Fred W. Friendly ; reporter director, Arthur D. Morse.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: LC2803.N6 L67 1959
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1959 - 1959
Types of records: Broadcast-Television-News
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 1 DVD-video (60 min., 39 sec.) : sd., b&w ; 4 3/4 in
Description: Originally aired on January 21, 1959, famed journalist Edward R. Murrow presents the nation with a city divided by the closing of Norfolk public schools in the face of integration. Murrow received a Peabody Award for this film.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Law and legislation -- Virginia; Murrow, Edward R.
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 22
Title: Vanderbilt Television News Archives
Creator: Various national TV news networks
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://tvnews.vanderbilt.edu/
Date range: 1968 -
Types of records: Broadcast-Television-News
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Non-subscribers will need to complete a brief registration form to search the database. There is currently no charge for searching the database of news abstracts and broadcast descriptions.
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk and elsewhere
Size: none
Description: The Vanderbilt Television News Archive is the world's most extensive and complete archive of television news. Contains television news broadcasts of the national networks from August 5, 1968 to present.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Vanderbilt Television News Archive; Broadcasting -- United States -- History -- 20th century
Name of repository: Vanderbilt Television News Archives
Address: 110 Twenty-first Avenue South, Suite 704 Nashville, TN 37203
Contact Name:
Contact Title: Vanderbilt Television News Archives
Contact Phone: 615-322-2927
Contact Email: tvnews@vanderbilt.edu
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 23
Title: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Lynchburg Division, Civil Action Case #534-Jackson et al vs. School Board of Lynchburg
Creator: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Lynchburg Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #534
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1961 - 1971
Types of records: Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Lynchburg, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In September 1961, the parents of Cecelia Jackson, Linda Woodruff, Owen Cardwell, and Brenda Hughes filed suit against the School Board of Lynchburg and the Pupil Placement Board of the Commonwealth of Virginia in U.S. District Court. The plaintiffs petitioned the court to have their children admitted to the all-white E.C. Glass High School in Lynchburg, alleging that the school board of Lynchburg was not complying with the Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court rulings that called for school desegregation. In November 1961, Judge Thomas Michie ordered the school board of Lynchburg to admit Linda Woodruff and Owen Cardwell to E.C. Glass High School but denied admission to Cecelia Jackson and Brenda Hughes, claiming that their grades and low-scores in their aptitude tests made them academically unfit for admission to E.C. Glass High School. Judge Michie also ordered the school board to submit a plan for desegregating the Lynchburg school system. The school board submitted a plan in February 1962 calling for the desegregation of the Lynchburg school system at one grade per year. The Judge approved the plan. The plaintiffs appealed the judge's ruling with regards to Cecelia Jackson and Brenda Hughes and the desegregation plan submitted by the school board of Lynchburg to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals. In September 1962, the Court of Appeals reversed the Michie's ruling denying admission of Jackson and Hughes to the E.C. Glass School and the desegregation plan of the Lynchburg School Board. Jackson and Hughes were ordered to be admitted to the E.C. Glass High School and the School Board of Lynchburg was ordered to submit a new plan for desegregation. For the next nine years the case would continue to be adjudicated with regards to handling the question as to how and when the Lynchburg School system would be desegregated. It would not be until 1971 that a final plan would be put into effect that created a racially balanced school district in the City of Lynchburg.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; High school students; Public schools; School integration; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.; Virginia. Supreme Court of Appeals
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Board; District courts --United States -- Virginia; United States. Court of Appeals (4th Circuit); Schools -- Virginia -- Lynchburg
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 24
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case # 4266: Charles C. Green et al. v. County School Board of New Kent County (VA)
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case # 4266
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1968
Types of records: Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: New Kent County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: On March 15, 1965, the parents of Charles C. Green and 35 other plaintiffs filed suit in U.S. District Court alleging that the County School Board of New Kent County (VA) had failed to properly desegregate the student population and faculty of the New Kent County school system. The plaintiffs were petitioning the court to order the New Kent County school board to comply with Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court rulings and the Civil Rights Act of 1964 legislation. The case was tried in May 1966 and a plan for the desegregation of the New Kent County school system was submitted by the School Board. The plan called for all families to have the "freedom-of-choice" to send their children to whatever school they desired. The District Court approved this plan in June 1966. The plaintiffs appealed this ruling to the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, stating the desegregation plan did not properly achieve true racial integration. The plaintiffs stated that whereas African-American students could choose to attend the formerly all-white New Kent County school, white students were refusing to attend the formerly all African-American George Watkins school thus making the latter school a racially segregated educational facility. The Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the District Court's approval of the school board's "Freedom-of-Choice" plan whereupon the plaintiffs appealed to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled in May 1968 that the "Freedom-of-choice" plan failed to meet the standard of school desegregation. The Supreme Court vacated the District Court and Circuit Court's approval of the "freedom-of-choice" plan and ordered the District Court to order the New Kent County School Board to come up with a new plan. In August 1968 the District Court ordered that the New Kent County school board adopt a plan for integrating its schools and that each school's student body have a minimum of 25% minority representation. The Green case is important because it set a judicial precedent used by other federal district courts in the 1970s in mandating busing and other desegregation actions in order to achieve a truly non-racial system of public education in America.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Busing for school integration; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: District courts --United States -- Virginia; Schools -- Virginia -- New Kent County; United States. Circuit Courts; United States. Civil Rights Act of 1964
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 25
Title: Norfolk Public Schools Desegregation
Creator: Norfolk Public Schools
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 92
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/nps.htm
Date range: 1922 - 2008
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Legal documents; Maps; Organizational Records; Press releases; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: To access this collection, researchers must first sign a non-disclosure statement in order to protect confidential information. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 34 Hollinger Document Cases; 2 oversized Hollinger boxes
Description: This collection primarily contains material related to the integration of the Norfolk public schools. The papers include correspondence, court cases, school board resolutions, inter-district memorandum, press releases, reports, news clippings and district maps. Subjects covered are the 1958 school closing to prevent integration, integration progress in the 1960s, busing to achieve integration in the 1970s and the end of busing in the mid-1980s. Among the most important historical materials is correspondence between Governor Lindsay Almond and the School Administration, beginning with the letter ordering the closing of six Norfolk schools in as mandated by the "Massive Resistance" law. Other letters during this time period discuss allowing groups to meet in those schools as long as the schools would not be used for educational purposes. The donated material also includes school directories from 1922-1990 and school calendars from 1952-2008.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; Busing for school integration; Godwin, Mills E. (Mills Edwin), 1914-1999; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.; Tutors and tutoring; United States. Supreme Court; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Board
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 26
Title: Kathryn H. Stone Papers
Creator: Stone, Suzanne
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession number 10555-c
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1916 - 1995
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Legal documents; Memorabilia; Organizational Records; Pamphlets; Photographs; Press releases
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Alexandria, Arlington, Fairfax County, VA
Size: ca. 225 items
Description: There are ca. 225 items, 1916 (1941-1985) 1995, of Kathryn H. Stone consisting of correspondence, papers, and printed material pertaining to Stone and her political career, 1932-1995. Material on Burgundy Farm Country Day School consists of organizational papers, by-laws, history, and brochures, 1946-1971; and Burgundy Voices and papers concerning campus renewal and the campaign to raise funds, 1992-1995. Burgundy Farm Country Day School enrolled African-American students in 1950. Topics discussed in the correspondence include: the Governor's Commission on the Status of Women in Virginia(January 8, 1968); Stone's state papers and the George Mason Library (May 29, 1969); the National Civil Service League papers and the University of Wyoming Archive of Contemporary History (September 6, 1970); Arlington School Integration 1959-1984 (June 11, 1984); Acharya Kakasaheb Kalelkar (November 27 and December 9, 1985); the Coalition to Improve Management in State and Local Government(July 28, 1986); Stone's contribution to the Virginiana and archival collections of the Arlington County Public Library(January 23, 1985); and, personal news of family and friends, 1981-1995. Among the correspondence of the Stone children and grandchildren are letters of Abel L. Lenz and a newspaper article (post 1986) on Joanna Stone. The League of Women Voters papers contain material on woman suffrage, Anna Lord Strauss, Belle Sherwin (October 11, 1986 letter), and, the 70th anniversary of the LWV; and, also include a certificate of merit presented to Stone in 1986, a list of former board members (August 1986), and, two pamphlets. Newspaper articles, 1941-1995, pertain to Stone and her political career and include her obituaries. There are two photographs of Kathryn Haeseler (Meyers) Stone on a Camera Club Hike in 1932. Political papers include a press release on the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress(June 11, 1945); campaign material for 1953, 1961, and 1963; statements concerning the consideration of Stone for the position of Undersecretary of Health, Education and Welfare (January 3 & 6, 1961); "Testimony of Mrs. Kathryn H. Stone...before the State Mental Hygiene and Hospital Board, Richmond, Virginia --March 9, 1961"; and, a statement pertaining to a bill to provide a minimum wage for Virginia (February 5, 1964). Material on women issues include Stone's article, "Women as Citizens," May 1947, and miscellaneous newspaper articles; material on youth issues include a broadside on "The League of Women Voters of Arlington, VA....An Adequate Juvenile Care Program...March 14, 1953, and other papers.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: League of Women Voters (U.S.); Public schools -- Virginia -- Arlington; Stone, Kathryn H. (Kathryn Haeseler), 1906-1995; Burgundy Farm Country Day School; Governor's Commission on the Status of Women in Virginia
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 27
Title: Schweitzer, Paul T.
Creator: Schweitzer, Paul T.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 16
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/schweitzer.htm
Date range: 1903 - 1976
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Legal documents; Memorabilia; Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: Three Hollinger Documents Cases and One Hollinger Drop-Front Print Box
Description: Norfolk businessman and member of the Norfolk School Board (1952-1960) and City Council (1960-1968) during the Massive Resistance crisis. Includes correspondence, legal documents, newspapers clippings, scrapbooks and photographs that primarily document his activities during Norfolk's desegregation crisis.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Norfolk School Board; Norfolk City Council; Schweitzer, Paul T.
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 28
Title: Sarah Patton Boyle
Creator: Boyle, Sarah Patton
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession Number 8003-a,-b
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/uva-sc/viu02095.xml.frame
Date range: 1949 - 1970
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Legal documents; Memorabilia; Proceedings
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Charlottesville, Prince Edward County, VA, VA
Size: ca. 12,000 items
Description: The collection contains correspondence and material concerning Sarah Patton Boyle's "The Desegregated Heart" and her "For Human Beings Only"; speeches; editorials; book reviews; and material regarding the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Virginia Council on Human Relations, The Congress of Racial Equality, and the Southern Christian leadership Conference. There are also polls, including the "Parker Poll" on desegregation at the University of Virginia, miscellaneous clippings and articles, a scrapbook, and a cross which was burned on Mrs. Boyle's lawn.
Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Virginia Council on Human Relations; Congress of Racial Equality; Southern Christian leadership Conference; University of Virginia; Women civil rights workers -- Virginia; Boyle, Sarah Patton, 19
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 29
Title: Dure, Leon
Creator: Dure, Leon
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 72-1808
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1957 - 1970
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Memorabilia; Narrative
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 2 ft. (ca. 2400 items)
Description: Journalist. Correspondence, essays, articles, and clippings, relating to the development and implementation of freedom of choice plans for school desegregation. Correspondents include James Lindsay Almond, Harry Flood Byrd, Virginius Dabney, Hardy Cross Dillard, Albertis Sydney Harrison, Burr Powell Harrison, James Jackson Kilpatrick, Francis Pickens Miller, Absalom Willis Robertson, Frederick Deane Goodwin Ribble, Howard Worth Smith, and Herbert Wechsler.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; Harrison, Albertis S. (Albertis Sydney), 1907-1995; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Journalism -- Political aspects -- Virginia; Journalism -- Political aspects -- Virginia; Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966; Dabney, Virginius, 1901-1995; Dillard, Hardy Cross, 1902-1982; Harrison, Burr Powell, 1904-1973; Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 30
Title: Kelly, C. Brian.
Creator: Kelly, C. Brian.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 87-981
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1959 - 1978
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Memorabilia; Narrative; Photographs; Press releases; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: 4.5 ft.
Description: Journalist, of Charlottesville, Va. b. Charles Brian Kelly, 1935. Chiefly draft and teletype copies of articles and research files containing correspondence, news releases, clippings, photos, and other materials, relating to Kelly's coverage of Virginia politics, particularly General Assembly activities and election campaigns, including races for governor, lieutenant-governor, and attorney general in 1969 and 1977, and U.S. Senate races in 1970, 1976, and 1978. Includes material relating to desegregation of Prince Edward County schools, kepone scandal,1977 bond issue, and governorship of Linwood Holton.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Kelly, C. Brian.; Journalists -- United States -- Virginia; Virginia. General Assembly; Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County; Holton, A. Linwood -- (Abner Linwood), -- 1923-
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 31
Title: Box 60
Creator: Virginia Teachers Association
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Acc. #1969-14, box 60
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Virginia Teachers Association Papers
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1932, 1959 - 1966
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Memorabilia; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA, Northumberland County, VA, Nottoway County, VA, Orange County, VA, Page County, VA, Patrick County, VA, Pittsylvania County, VA, Powhatan County, VA
Size: .45 cubic ft.
Description: Contains documents and items pertaining to the Virginia Teachers Association and African Americans Teachers Association. Box 60 includes, the book "A psychological study of delinquent and non-delinquent negro boys" by Robert Daniel Ph.D. (1932), correspondence in regard to the closing of the schools in Prince Edward County, receipts, other various correspondence, lists of teachers and subjects taught, lists of teachers displaced by school closings in various counties, membership lists, and clippings.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Tutors and tutoring
Additional Keywords: Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County -- History -- 20th century; Public schools -- Virginia -- Northumberland County; Public schools -- Virginia -- Nottoway County; Public schools -- Virginia -- Orange County; Public schools -- Virginia -
Name of repository: Virginia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Montague Hall 1 Hayden Dr. Petersburg, VA 23806
Contact Name: Lucious Edwards
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 804-524-5749
Contact Email: ledwards@vsu.edu
Dove region: region2

Submission Number: 32
Title: William Frederick Duckworth
Creator: Duckworth, William Frederick
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 45
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/duckworth.htm
Date range: 1899 - 1972
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Memorabilia; Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 2 Hollinger Boxes and 9 Oversize Boxes
Description: Mayor of Norfolk 1950-1962. Father of the Douglas MacArthur Memorial in downtown Norfolk. Founder and President of the General Douglas MacArthur Foundation. Collection consists of artifacts, newspaper clippings and scrapbooks documenting his activities in politics and as a businessman, and civic leader. Duckworth was mayor during the school closing crisis of 1958.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Duckworth, William F.
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 33
Title: Becker, Norma
Creator: Becker, Norma
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Micro 817
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1961 - 1975
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Pamphlets; Petitions
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: 1 reel of microfilm (35mm)
Description: Papers, mainly 1963-1968, relating to the social and political concerns of a New York City school teacher. Included are correspondence, form letters, clippings, flyers, newsletters, and other printed matter relating to the United Federation of Teachers' "Adopt-a-School" program in Prince Edward County, Virginia, in 1963; its volunteer teaching during the Mississippi Freedom Summer project in 1964; and its support of full integration of New York City schools.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Becker, Norma; Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County; Mississippi Freedom Project; Public schools -- New York (State) -- New York
Name of repository: Wisconsin Historical Society
Address: 816 State Street, Madison, WI 53706
Contact Name: Eli Brunett
Contact Title: Microfilm Technician
Contact Phone: (608) 264-6460
Contact Email:
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 34
Title: Stephens, A.E.S.
Creator: Stephens, A.E.S.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 19
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/stephens.htm
Date range: 1900 - 1973
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 6 Hollinger Document Cases
Description: Served in both the House of Delegates (1929-1941) and the State Senate (1941-1952), and as Lieutenant Governor (1952-1961). Ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for Governor in 1961 against Albertis Harrison. Centers around this unsuccessful campaign and contains papers focusing on the issue of Massive Resistance to integration, dating to the early 1950s.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Harrison, Albertis S. (Albertis Sydney), 1907-1995; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Virginia. General Assembly; Stephens, A.E.S.
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 35
Title: Prince Edward County Free School 1969-38
Creator: Prince Edward County Free School
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Acc. #1969-38
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://library.vsu.edu/collection/archivcoll.htm
Date range: 1963 - 1967
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Photographs; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: CA 50,000 items
Description: Between the years 1959 and 1963, there were no public schools in Prince Edward County, Virginia. After five long years the County and State allowed Prince Edward's schools to reopen. Because the black children in the county had no school during this period of time (the white students attended an all white academy) it was thought best to organize a free school which would pave the way for hundreds of young children to return to school after a five year absence. The Prince Edward County, Virginia (free school) papers are the records of that effort. The papers contain correspondence, reports, photographs and other items, which document this sad period in Virginia History.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Tutors and tutoring
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collection & University Archives Lindsay-Montague Hall Virginia State University Petersburg, VA 23806
Contact Name: Lucious Edwards
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: (804) 524-5749
Contact Email: ledwards@vsu.edu
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 36
Title: Michael Wenger Collection
Creator: Wenger, Michael R.
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1963 - 1965
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: 2 linear feet
Description: The Michael Wenger Collection documents the Student Help Project and other activist activities on the Queens College campus in the 1960s. The Student Help Project was initiated by Queens College Students, including Michael Wenger, and Queens College Education Department professors, Dr. Rachel Weddington and Dr. Sidney Simon. This project brought tutoring services to underserved children in South Jamaica, Queens and Prince Edward County, Virginia. The collection contains correspondence, newspaper and magazine articles, reports, press releases and other miscellanea documenting the Jamaica-Virginia Student Help Project, and Queens College student activism in the 1960s.
Subject: African American students; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Tutors and tutoring
Additional Keywords: Student Help Project; Queens College; Wenger, Michael
Name of repository: Queens College (CUNY) Special Collections
Address: Special Collections & Archives Queens College, CUNY Benjamin Rosenthal Library RO204 65-30 Kissena Boulevard
Contact Name: Dr. Benjamin Alexander
Contact Title: Assistant Professor, Head of Special Collections and Archives
Contact Phone: (718) 997-3650
Contact Email: QC.Archives@qc.cuny.edu
Dove region:

Submission Number: 37
Title: Stan Shaw Collection
Creator: Shaw, Stan, 1943-
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1963 - 1976
Types of records: Clippings; Diaries; Photographs; Press releases; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: 1 linear foot
Description: Stan Shaw was Chairman of the Student Help Project at Queens College from January 1963 through January 1964. The Student Help Project organized Queens College students to provide free tutoring services to schoolchildren in South Jamaica, Queens (circa 1962-1968) and in Prince Edward County, Virginia (summer of 1963). In South Jamaica the volunteers assisted children who were below grade level. In Prince Edward County they tutored African American children who had been denied formal schooling since 1959, when the County shut down their public schools rather than enforce court ordered desegregation. Queens College Education professors Dr. Rachel Weddington and Dr. Sidney Simon coordinated these initiatives with Shaw and other students. As a result of this collaboration, by the fall of 1963 over 220 students had participated in the South Jamaica project and 16 students had spent 6 weeks tutoring in Prince Edward County. The collection contains newspaper and magazine articles, reports, photographs, press releases, and a diary documenting the Student Help Project in New York and Virginia.
Subject: African American students; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Tutors and tutoring
Additional Keywords: Student Help Project;Shaw, Stan
Name of repository: Queens College (CUNY) Special Collections
Address: Special Collections & Archives Queens College, CUNY Benjamin Rosenthal Library RO204 65-30 Kissena Boulevard
Contact Name: Dr. Benjamin Alexander
Contact Title: Assistant Professor, Head of Special Collections and Archives
Contact Phone: (718) 997-3650
Contact Email: QC.Archives@qc.cuny.edu
Dove region:

Submission Number: 38
Title: Black Student Alliance
Creator: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 8/2/6f
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1978 - 2005
Types of records: Clippings; Narrative
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 1 folder
Description: Folder contains clippings and flyers noting speakers invited by the Alliance; an example of Black Student Alliance stationery; and a typewritten account by Peter Wallenstein (Va. Tech. history professor) of "The First Black Students at Virginia Tech, 1953-1963."
Subject: African American students; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Virginia Tech Black Student Alliance
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries, PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 39
Title: Affirmative Action/EEO Division (Information)
Creator: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 6/4/5
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1981 - 2010
Types of records: Clippings; Organizational Records; Pamphlets; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 2 folders
Description: Collection of news clippings, flyers, brochures and reports related to Virginia Tech's affirmative action and equal opportunity efforts, events, and activities between the early 1980's and 2010. Collection contains mention of Tech staff responsible for affirmative action, EEO guidelines for recruiting faculty in 1984, and a 1987 statistical report on Ethnic Minority Enrollment.
Subject: African American students; Race relations
Additional Keywords: Recruitment - African Americans; Affirmative action programs -- Virginia -- Blacksburg; Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries. PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, Va 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 40
Title: Arlington County Public Schools
Creator: Arlington County Virginia School System
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Record Group 7
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1946 - 1988
Types of records: Clippings; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Arlington County, VA
Size: 21 linear ft.
Description: Contains the incomplete and unofficial records of the Arlington County Virginia School System. Materials include information on School Board candidates, architectural reports and site studies for school buildings, school personnel handbooks, salary and retirement information from the 1950s, reports of citizen advisory councils and task forces on instructional issues, 1950s through the 1970s, and many school publications including newsletters and clippings about Arlington schools, chiefly the 1950s through the 1970s.
Subject: Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Arlington County Public Library, Virginia Room
Address: 1015 N. Quincy St Arlington, Virginia 22201
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (703) 228-5966
Contact Email:
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 41
Title: Delta Sigma Lambda Sorority
Creator: Carmichael, Edith
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 37-4A1
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/dsl.htm
Date range: 1964 - 1998
Types of records: Clippings; Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: 2 pages
Description: In Scrapbook 1: 1960-1965, clippings and photographs documenting the Sorority's donation of a car for Willie May Watson, who worked with African American children in the Prince Edward County schools during the school closing crisis. Also pictured is Dr. Ruth Harrell, chair of the Old Dominion College psychology department and faculty advisor to the sorority, who was the school psychologist for Prince Edward county schools.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Delta Sigma Lambda Sorority; Old Dominion University
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 42
Title: Malcolm H. Stern Papers
Creator: Stern, Malcolm H.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Manuscript Collection No. 626
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1956 - 1959
Types of records: Correspondence
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 1 folder
Description: In 1947 Malcolm H. Stern was elected Rabbi of Congregation Ohef Shalom in Norfolk, Virginia, serving there for 17 years. While in Norfolk, Stern spoke out strongly against segregation. His papers regarding this subject is located in Series B. Correspondence, 1950-1993 Norfolk Integration, 1956-1959, of the Malcolm H. Stern papers.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Ohef Sholom Temple (Norfolk, Va.); Rabbis -- United States -- Correspondence; Stern, Malcolm H.
Name of repository: American Jewish Archives, Cincinnati, Ohio
Address: 3101 Clifton Ave., Cincinnati, OH 45220
Contact Name: Kevin Proffitt
Contact Title: Senior Archivist for Research and Collections
Contact Phone: (513) 221-1875
Contact Email: kproffit@huc.edu
Dove region:

Submission Number: 43
Title: Tutoring School
Creator: Peele, E. V.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 17-1A, A77-57
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: School of Arts and Letters Dean's office files
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1958 - 1958
Types of records: Correspondence
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 1 folder, 5 pages
Description: Correspondence and notes re: "possibility of teachers for the 'tutoring school'" for students of Old Dominion College faculty members during the Norfolk school closing crisis. Includes list of faculty members with children between ages of 13 - 18.
Subject: High school students; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Tutors and tutoring
Additional Keywords: Old Dominion College; Peele, E.V.
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 44
Title: Michie, Thomas Johnson (1896-1973)
Creator: Michie, Thomas Johnson (1896-1973)
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 77-1236
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1917 - 1967
Types of records: Correspondence; Financial records; Government papers; Legal documents; Military records; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Charlottesville, VA
Size: ca. 6000 items
Description: Lawyer, judge, businessman, and mayor of Charlottesville, Va. Correspondence, and other business, military, personal, and political papers, his appointment as district judge of the Western District of Virginia, and Virginia Straight Democratic Committee (1960). Includes correspondence relating to Charlottesville City Council correspondence relating to civic improvement, annexation and zoning, school desegregation, and public housing.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration
Additional Keywords: Charlottesville City Council; District courts -- Virginia; Public schools -- Virginia -- Charlottesville; Public schools -- Virginia -- Albemarle County; Michie, Thomas Johnson (1896-1973)
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 45
Title: Daniel, John Hannah (1896-1972)
Creator: Daniel, John Hannah (1896-1972)
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 81-354
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1921 - 1971
Types of records: Correspondence; Financial records; Government papers; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: ca. 22 ft. (ca. 22,800 items)
Description: State legislator and clothier, of Charlotte County, Va. Correspondence, petitions, loyalty pledges, and other papers, documenting Daniel's service on House of Delegates Appropriations Committee, and relating to Charlotte County politics and local elections, school desegregation fight in Prince Edward County, Va., Prince Edward School Foundation, which was formed to build a private segregated academy, and Daniel's membership on the board of College of William and Mary Board of Visitors; correspondence, memos, orders, and financial statements and accounts and family correspondence.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Private schools; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Virginia. General Assembly; Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County; Prince Edward School Foundation; College of William and Mary
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 46
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3353- Carolyn Bradley and Michael Bradley, etc. vs. School Board of the City of Richmond, Virginia, et al and the Commonwealth of Virginia Pupil Placement Board, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3353
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1961 - 1987
Types of records: Correspondence; Financial records; Legal documents; Proceedings
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Richmond, VA
Size: 8 Boxes
Description: This suit began in 1961 with the plaintiffs suing the School Board of the City of Richmond. The initial court-ordered "freedom-of-choice" plan proved unworkable in practice. In 1970, the Court ordered students and faculty to be reassigned. After the 1970 decision, the plaintiff and defendant coupled with the school boards of two neighboring counties filed suit against the State Department of Education and is superintendent of public instruction. At the district court level, it was determined that constitutional violations had taken place at the county and state levels and both were charged with the inter-district consolidation of the greater Richmond school districts. This verdict was later reversed. Subsequent to the 1972 decision (overturned), the School Board began implementing and the intra-district desegregation plan, featuring fifteen court mandated alterations between the years 1972-1979. In March 1984, the School Board sought monetary damages from the State, charging them with not fulfilling their court-ordered eradication of segregation. The State, the School Board alleged was hindering the elimination of the State's former dual educational system. The court denied the request initially and again in an appeal.
Subject: African American students; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education; United States. Supreme Court; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 47
Title: Records of the President, Walter S. Newman
Creator: Newman, Walter S. (Walter Stephenson), 1895-1978
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 2/10
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/vt/viblbv00086.xml.frame
Date range: 1947 - 1962
Types of records: Correspondence; Financial records; Memorabilia; Organizational Records; Photographs; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 23.25 cu. ft. ; 24 boxes, 1 folder
Description: The Records of the Office of the President, Walter S. Newman (1895 to 1978) span the years 1947 to 1962, with the bulk of the material dating from 1947 to 1961. The collection consists primarily of Newman's General Correspondence. Also included, and interfiled with general correspondence, are budget requests and statements, financial reports, enrollment statistics, architects' contracts, audits, commencement and inaugural ephemera, statements to the Federal Power Commission, a few photographs, and reports on Virginia's public school system submitted to the Moses Commission. These records include Correspondence with Virginia Attorney General Lindsay Almond and Director of Admissions Paul Farrier in the early 1950s documents the University's strategy in response to efforts to challenge segregation in Virginia's public schools and universities and the decision to admit Irving L. Peddrew III, the first black student enrolled at Virginia Tech. Files labeled "Racial Relations" from 1951 and 1952 document Newman's attempts, which proved unsuccessful, to help the defense in Dorothy Davis v. County School Board, Prince Edward County by providing historical evidence of equality of resources within segregation. A file of correspondence from 1961 with Mary Fessler, President of the Blacksburg Branch of the American Association of University Women, records Newman's decision to bar the organization from meeting on campus due after a black woman joined.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; American Association of University Women; Newman, Walter S. (Walter Stephenson), 1895-1978
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 48
Title: Judicial papers, 1930-1964
Creator: Paul, John, 1883-1964
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1930 - 1960
Types of records: Correspondence; Government papers; Legal documents; Petitions; Reports; Speeches
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 94 boxes (36 linear ft.)
Description: Case files, ca. 1930-1960, comprise the bulk of the collection. General civil and criminal case files are grouped separately from bankruptcy and land condemnation cases. Case files include two Virginia school desegregation cases which he heard in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Administrative files for the federal district court contain extensive documentation regarding case loads, rules of court, probation, and jury call decisions. Also included are professional correspondence, speeches and articles. Correspondents include Alfred D. Barksdale, Albert V. Bryan, Armistead M. Dobie, Ted Dalton, Sterling Hutcheson, John J. Parker, Floyd H. Roberts, Simon E. Sobeloff, Frank S. Tavenner, Jr., and Roby C. Thompson.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Paul, John, -- 1883-1964. United States. -- District Court (Virginia : Western District); Segregation in education -- Law and legislation -- Virginia.
Name of repository: University of Virginia, Law Library
Address: Arthur J. Morris Law Library 580 Massie Road Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Cecilia Brown
Contact Title: Special Collections Archivist
Contact Phone: (434) 924-3023
Contact Email: cb6s@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 49
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3536- United States of America vs. School Board of Prince George County, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3536
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1962 - 1963
Types of records: Correspondence; Government papers; Legal documents; Proceedings
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince George County, VA
Size: 2 Boxes
Description: In October 1962, the United States sought an injunction requiring Prince George County to admit the African-American children who were dependents of military and civilian personnel stationed or employed at Fort Lee to its white schools. The U.S. argued that the County assured it that its school facilities would be made available to federally-connected children on the same basis as those available to local youngsters. Additionally, the plaintiff claims that it was "burdened to exercise its use of war powers under the Constitution" in attempts to remedy the situation. There are 159 school-age dependents of black military personnel and 426 of black civilian personnel stationed or employed at/by Fort Lee, situated in Prince George County. Though no educational facilities are maintained on the U.S. Army base, neither its facilities nor activities are segregated by race. The School Board terminated its agreement of providing schooling for Fort Lee's dependent students as a result of alleged overcrowding, however it was found that the Pupil Placement Board admitted over 300 new students after denying the applications of children of black servicemen earlier. The County was receiving an excess of $1.5 million in federal grants for the new construction of schools upon assuring their ongoing commitment to the education of federally-connected children. The Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare was aware of the County's separate school system upon agreeing to the grants, however ruled on March 30, 1962 that racially segregated education of children on federal property was not "suitable." Furthermore, the Department of Defense would not allow the transfers of black servicemen stationed at Fort Lee who cited the segregated system of their children's education as a cause. The Court ruled that the U.S. would not be returned the funds it provided the County in construction grants as they anticipated using the facilities similarly to those operating in the surrounding area. Additionally, the United States' use of the War Powers Act upon domestic affairs such as the one in question is not prohibited. The County simply must make schooling of some sort available to federally-connected children, as per the pre-arranged contract between the School Board of Prince George County and the United States of America.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Board; Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince George County; United States. Army -- African Americans; District Courts -- United States -- Virginia; Executive orders -- United States; United States. Dept. of Defense; Children of military per
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 50
Title: Wyatt, Landon Russell (1891-1971)
Creator: Wyatt, Landon Russell (1891-1971)
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 72-1822
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1935 - 1970
Types of records: Correspondence; Government papers; Memorabilia; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 2 ft. (1981 items)
Description: State senator and business executive, of Danville, Va. Chiefly topical and election correspondence (primarily 1950-70), speeches, and printed material, relating to Virginia budget, Gray Commission on Massive Resistance, and the Virginia Tobacco Tax Commission. Includes some papers from Wyatt's career as chairman of the board of trustees of Averett College, Danville, Va.. Correspondents include Watkins Moorman Abbitt, John Stewart Battle, Harry Flood Byrd, Harry Flood Byrd, Jr., Mills Edwin Godwin, Thomas Marshall Hahn, Albertis Sydney Harrison, Absolam Willis Robertson, William Belser Spong, William Munford Tuck, and George Corley Wallace.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Battle, John Stewart, 1890-1972; Godwin, Mills E. (Mills Edwin), 1914-1999; Harrison, Albertis S. (Albertis Sydney), 1907-1995; Public schools; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Wyatt, Landon Russell (1891-1971); Virginia. General Assembly; Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966; Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914; Hahn, T. Marshall (Thomas Marshall), 1926-; Robertson, A. Willis; Spong, William B. (William Belser), 1920-1997; Tuck, William M. (Willi
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 51
Title: Charles Knox Martin Jr. Official Papers
Creator: Martin, Charles K. (Charles Knox), 1909-
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RU 2.3
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Records of the Office of the President
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://lib.radford.edu/archives/findingaids/MartinPapers.html
Date range: 1952 - 1972
Types of records: Correspondence; Government papers; Organizational Records; Petitions; Speeches
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Radford, VA
Size: 3 linear feet
Description: Dr. Martin was President of Radford during much of the period of desegregation. His official papers, however, contain only one folder related to desegregation. Titled "Integration" the folder contains requests from African-American women for admission to Radford; statistical information on the number of segregated or desegregated institutions of higher learning in Virginia in 1963; an advance copy of remarks on desegregation prepared by Ted Dalton for delivery at the March 1957 Republican State Central Committee Meeting; an issuance from the president of Lynchburg College regarding the participation of Lynchburg students in a sit-in; an inquiry from the principal of a Warren County high school about the eligibility of seniors unable to complete high school because of school closing for consideration for admission to Radford: and other matters related to integration between 1950 and 1964.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Dalton, Ted; Martin, Charles K. (Charles Knox), 1909-; Radford University; women students; Public schools -- Virginia -- Warren County; Lynchburg College
Name of repository: Radford University, University Archives, McConnell Library
Address: P.O. Box 6881 Radford, VA 24142
Contact Name: Gene Hyde
Contact Title: Archivist
Contact Phone: 540 831-5692
Contact Email: wehyde@radford.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 52
Title: General Files - Sample
Creator: Whitehurst, George William
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: G. William Whitehurst Congressional Papers
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1970 - 1979
Types of records: Correspondence; Government papers; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk and elsewhere in Virginia
Size: 8 folders
Description: Correspondence, maps, proposed legislation on busing.
Subject: African American students; Busing for school integration; Public schools; School children; School integration
Additional Keywords: Whitehurst, G. William
Name of repository: Washington and Lee Special Collections
Address: Washington and Lee University Leyburn Library, Lower Level 1 Lexington, VA 24450-0303
Contact Name: Vaughan Stanley
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian
Contact Phone: (540) 458-8663
Contact Email: stanleyv@wlu.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 53
Title: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Charlottesville Division, Civil Action Case #103- James S. Buckner, JR., et al vs. the County School Board Greene County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Charlottesville Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #103
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1963 - 1966
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Greene County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In an April 1963 suit, the parents of several black school children residing in Greene County, VA brought suit against the County School Board. The parents suit revolved around the fact that their children had been assigned(and had their transfer requests denied) to Burley High School in Charlottesville, along with all other black elementary school graduates, while their white counterparts were assigned to William Monroe High School located in Greene County. The case was quickly dismissed after the Commonwealth's Pupil Placement Board suggested that it had placed all of the plaintiffs in the case in the schools that they desired with the exception of those who had not adequately filled out the necessary paperwork for transfer. The plaintiffs appealed the case to the U.S. 4th Circuit Court of Appeals a year later on the following merits: 1) Some African American students were voluntarily still attending Burley High School in Charlottesville, despite it not being compulsory. The plaintiffs believed that said students would be forced to attend the single high school in Greene County, William Monroe. 2) There was a continuation of segregation in school busing in that not a single black student shared a bus with a single white student. 3) The continued voluntary separation of the races in the elementary schools of the County. It was determined that the Greene County School Board was in full compliance with the law and had been cooperative throughout the case; the injunction sought by the plaintiffs was denied.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Busing for school integration; High school students; Public schools; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Public schools -- Virginia -- Charlottesville; Pupil Placement Board; 4th Circuit Court of Appeals
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 54
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3579- Mark J. Belton, Jr., an infant, etc. vs. the County School Board of King George County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3579
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1962 - 1968
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: King George County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In 1962, thirty-eight African-American students and their parents filed suit against the defendants, hoping gain admittance into the County's all-white public schools. The School Board, Superintendent, and each of the school board members said that any placement issues ought to be brought up with the State's Pupil Placement Board. The Board responded in alleging that each of the infant plaintiff's was not placed in their respective desired schools as a result of their distance from the institution or lack of academic qualifications. It was admitted that all other administrative options had already been exhausted by the plaintiff's families. The Court finds that the School Board operates six schools within the County, only two of which are open to any more than a small handful of blacks. An attendance boundary for each of these schools was seen to be very flexible. The Pupil Placement Board has placed 29 black students into mostly white schools in the County already, without court order. Typically, the School Board makes "tentative assignments" for students in the County and forwards them to the Placement Board, where they are accepted unless a student in question makes formal protest. White students it was found need not even apply to gain admission to a predominately white school, merely show up; the criteria by which white and black students were judged on was far from equal. The Court found the dual system of schooling discriminatory and granted the plaintiffs admission to the school which they applied. Furthermore, a general injunction against racial discrimination in their admission process was awarded. Counsel fees were not awarded.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Board
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 55
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3365- David F. Anderson, et al vs. The School Board if the Town of West Point, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3365
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1961 - 1968
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: King William County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: Ten African American students and their parents filed suit after being denied admission to the public school to which they applied as residents. The reasons for denial included "distance" and "lack of academic qualifications." The Town School Board and the Superintendent of Schools answered the complaint in shifting sole responsibility to the State Pupil Placement Board as per the Pupil Placement Act of Virginia. As a school district, the Town of West Point had a combined white elementary and high school known as West Point School and an African-American elementary school, known as Beverly Allen School. Black high school students were educated outside of the Town pursuant to arrangements made with neighboring counties in possession of minority high schools. As a result of policy and procedure within the West Point school administration, any black applicants applying to the all-white school, their files were coded as irregular and red flagged upon being referred to the State Pupil Placement Board. At this stage, black students withstood a rigorous degree of scrutiny in the inspection of their residential and scholastic merits unparalleled to that of their Caucasian counterparts. The State Pupil Placement Board claimed to be somehow unaware that the town in question only possessed one high school. It subsequently adopted a policy of assigning all high school aged students within the town applying to West Point High School admission, without consideration of any residential or scholastic criteria. The School Board and Division Superintendent of Schools were expected to submit to the Court a plan, eliminating the discriminatory application process from their admission process at the elementary school level by the 1962-1963 mid-term session. The Court later struck down the School Board's racially unbiased blueprint of operation and allowed until May 27, 1968 to provide an updated plan.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 56
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #2819- Lorna Renee Warden et al vs. the School Board of the City of Richmond, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #2819
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1958 - 1962
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Richmond, VA
Size: unknown
Description: Prior to the start of the 1958-59 school year, each of the infant plaintiffs timely applied for admission to Richmond City public schools as resident citizens. The schools to which they applied were exclusively maintained and attended by whites; the defendants did not gain admission and were subsequently assigned to all-black institutions. The Defendants owned, maintained and operated forty elementary schools, eight junior high schools, four senior high schools and six special schools within the City of Richmond. School children "classified as Negroes had been permitted to attend only eighteen of the elementary schools, three of the junior high schools, two of the senior high schools and one of the special schools" enrollment at the remainder of the institutions was available exclusively to those children not classified as Negroes. The plaintiff's argued that they were denied liberty without due process of the law and the equal protection guaranteed under the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. When questioned why Daisy Jane Cooper (plaintiff), age nine's, transfer from George Washington Carver Elementary School to the Westhampton School was denied by the Pupil Placement Board, the Division Superintendent acknowledged that "had the Cooper child been a white child living at the same address" I presume she would have attended the Westhampton School. The Court concluded that this was a clear case of discrimination based on race as the only reason the Cooper child was denied her transfer was because she was black. It was decided that the Commonwealth's Pupil Placement Board's policy and practices were unconstitutional and thereby granted Cooper admission to the Westhampton School. Cooper was admitted to the institution as an individual, not as a class or group; all of the original plaintiffs with the exception of the Cooper's voluntarily withdrew from the case.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Board
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 57
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #4265- Shirlette L. Bowman, et al vs. the County School Board of Charles City County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #4265
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Memorabilia; Pamphlets
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Charles City County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: The black plaintiffs in this 1965 case have taken issue with Charles City County's "freedom of choice" plan, alleging that it deprived them of their constitutional rights. Under the plan, each pupil is supposed to have the "unrestricted right" to attend any school in the system they desired. It is however the "compulsive assignments to achieve a greater inter-mixture of the races, notwithstanding their individual choices," which is their due, where the issue lies. The persistent necessity of submitting paperwork each year in order to attend a school of the pupils choosing was seen to be very different than the school itself harnessing the responsibility for altering this unconstitutional system. The obstacles in the path of the pupils inhibit the unadulterated "freedom of choice," which is supposed to be enjoyed. After moving back and forth between the District and Appeals Court four times, it was ruled that 1) all teachers, included those currently employed by the County, would be reassigned as to not take into account their races nor the races of their students. 2) Immediately prior to the summer registration period for the 1966-67 school terms, students would have an opportunity to exercise their "freedom of choice." 3) The aforementioned school selection is meant to be the only one of its sort or a one-time occurrence not to be repeated.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals;
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 58
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #4263- Pecola Annette Wright, et al vs. the County School Board of Greensville County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #4263
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1981
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Minutes; Organizational Records; Pamphlets; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Greensville County, VA
Size: 1 1/2 Boxes
Description: Beginning in March 1965, a suit was brought against the County School Board of Greensville for operating a dual educational system in its public schools. The Court ruled that that the County could not operate "disproportionately" white or black public schools. In August 1969, the plaintiffs filed a supplemental complaint alleging that the City Council and School Board of the City Emporia had taken steps to establish a city school system independent of the Greensville County systems, thus making it exempt from the previous desegregation order. Until August 1969, pupils residing in the City attended County public schools (the City had been reimbursing the County for this expense). Emporia denied the plaintiff's assertion that they were attempting to "frustrate" the efforts of the Greensville County School Board to implement the Court ordered desegregation plan. They in turn asserted that as the City dealt with the transition of affording education to the pupils within its own borders, a "free choice plan" was being offered. The plaintiffs objected. A key obstacle to this case was the July 1967 transformation of Emporia from a town into a city, severing it from Greensville politically, economically, and otherwise under the Virginia Constitution. The City believed it had the right to be represented in the Greensville County School Board and the ownership of the school buildings and properties within its borders. The U.S. Supreme Court disagreed with latter assertion, furthermore decreeing that the City of Emporia had no grounds to compel the County of Greensville to transfer ownership of the schools. The issue of representation on the County School Board was seen as moot by the Court. The reason for Emporia being unrepresented on the School Board, having no control over the school's budgets or the type of education offered, and no ownership over school property, was its voluntary payment to Greensville, cited the Court. Emporia's 1967 "voluntary divorce" from Greensville was seen as a major obstacle. Greensville sought reconciliation and a merger, however Emporia remained uninterested. In 1969, Emporia filed suit against Greensville to gain ownership of school buildings within the City and rights to seize certain funds in the Greensville general treasury. An additional suit was filed that year by Emporia to invalidate a contract between its governing body and that of Greensville County. Rulings were handed down in favor of Greensville in both matters, both in the original jurisdiction and again at the appeals level. The City claimed taxation without representation, the Court was not amused. Finally, on June 11, 1981, an agreement was finally reached. Among the details agreed upon was the adoption of a written policy concerning the placement of teachers, staff and students to "disproportionately" white and black schools and/or classrooms. Future groupings of students were to be done on the basis of test scores. Standardized tests, honors programs, pension programs, teacher placement, etc. were also discussed in the terms. The defendants agreed to pay counsel fees for the plaintiff. Both parties agreed upon the wording of a joint press release.
Subject: Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education; United States. Supreme Court; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals; Public schools -- Virginia -- Greensville County; Public schools -- Virginia -- Emporia
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 59
Title: Scott David Arnold Thesis Research Collection
Creator: Arnold, Scott David, 1970-
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession # 2005-03
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 2005 - 2005
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Oral History; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Emory, VA
Size: 1 document box
Description: Collection consists of research material gathered or created by Mr. Arnold in pursuit of his Master's thesis: The Integration of Emory and Henry College. Materials include questionnaires; correspondence; oral interviews; legal documents; college catalogues; and books and readings related to segregation, civil rights, and the southern integration process.
Subject: African American students; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Emory and Henry College Archives and Special Collections
Address: P.O. Box 948 Emory, VA 24327-0948
Contact Name: Robert J. Vejnar, II
Contact Title: Archivist
Contact Phone: 276 944-6668
Contact Email: rvejnar@ehc.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 60
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3438- John W. Scott, Jr., etc., et al vs. School Board of the City of Fredericksburg, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3438
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1962 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Organizational Records
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Fredericksburg, VA
Size: unknown
Description: The plaintiffs in this case sought admission to a predominately white school, complying with the administrative requirements of Virginia's statutes as they pertained to the placement of pupils. The applications were denied by the Pupil Placement Board and the plaintiffs subsequently assigned to a local all-black high school. Lack of academic qualifications and the distance from residence to school were cited as the grounds for the denial. The movement is for the Court to intervene. The city has one white high school and one black high school. The State Pupil Placement Board had to date already placed nine black students into predominately white public schools. The Court ruled that "scholastic tests and residential requirements may be a proper basis for the assignment of pupils, but these criteria must be applied equally to white and Negro children;" white students were admitted the City's only white high school, James Monroe School, without being subject to the same "tests" as their African-American counterparts. The Court will intervene and grant the requested general injunction.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 61
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #4273- Angela Walker, etc., et al vs. the County School Board of Brunswick County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #4273
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1970
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Organizational Records; Pamphlets
Access Restricted:
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Geographic/School district coverage: Brunswick County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: After a suit was filed on March 17, 1965 on behalf of black pupils in Brunswick County, VA in objection to the dual-system of schooling in the County, the School Board submitted to the Court a plan for desegregation. This plan, submitted on May 11, 1966, was deferred by the Court so that the Board had an opportunity to amend it, taking into account the allocation of faculty and staff (on a non-racial basis). Filed June 28 with the Clerk of Court, the amended desegregation plan first outlined the pre-registration program for first grade students entering the District. The registration was to be well-publicized and afford parents the opportunity to select the school they deemed best for their children. Those who pre-registered would receive preference over those who registered and those who registered over those who did not. The proper paperwork appears to have been available anytime prior to the commencement of a given semester. Next, upon completion of seventh grade, students were to receive paperwork that enabled them and their parents to select the school they wish to continue their education at in eighth grade. After selection and in between theses aforementioned "critical placement years," students would automatically be assigned to the school they attended the previous semester unless they made a formal request with the County. No pupil was to be favored or penalized based on their school choice. Overcrowding was the only permitted reason for rejection of the application of preference. In the event of overcrowding, selection was to be done on a rolling basis, without racial or ethnic basis. In this event, pupils were to be assigned to their second choice school or the closest one to their residence. Extracurricular activities and transportation were to be made available to all students without prejudice. All faculty and staff were to be reassigned to schools and classrooms without racial consideration of themselves or the composition of their students. All future applicants were to be considered equally without prejudice. Additionally it was specifically stated that black teachers in formerly black schools were required to teach a given amount of courses at the previously all-white schools. A black "elementary school supervisor" and a white "Director of Instruction," both already employed by the County, were to be retained and now share responsibility of supervising all schools in the County, the formerly all-black and all-white alike. Though the plaintiff filed a complaint advocating exceptions to the plan, it was accepted in its original form, though "no rigid formula was required," according to the Court.
Subject: School integration; Segregation in education; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 62
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #4267- Jonathan W. Brown, et al vs. the County School Board of Middlesex County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #4267
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Organizational Records; Pamphlets
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Middlesex County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: After just over a year in court, on June 10, 1966, the Court accepted the School Board of Middlesex County's plan for the desegregation of their public schools. The cornerstone of the strategy was an annual "freedom-of-choice" offered to all grades, beginning in the 1966-67 school year. The choice, as outlined in the defendant's supplemental report, was granted to parents and guardians, not the children directly. Furthermore, teachers, principals, or any other school staff member were barred from providing advice, recommendations, or otherwise influencing the choices of students. Their choices were not to be favored or penalized in any way either. Each parent is, the record states, supposed to receive an annual letter from their pupil's school with a form attached so that they may read the provisions of the plan in question and submit their choice for their child's " schooling. There are similar procedures outlined for children enrolling into the district for the first time and/or transferring from other schools. The only reason that the parents" choice of school may be denied is for overcrowding, no other factors including prior attendance at the chosen school may be taken into account. Additionally, transportation was to be provided for all students without regard to race. Staff will be assigned from this point forward without consideration of their race or the race of their students. There is however some degree of uncertainty regarding the reappointment of already hired personnel to new schools without regard to the race of their new students. Published reports of this plan were to be made public to the general population at large.
Subject: School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 63
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3431- Sheila Jane McLeod, et al vs. the County School Board of Chesterfield County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3431
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1962 - 1977
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Organizational Records; Photographs
Access Restricted:
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Geographic/School district coverage: Chesterfield County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In early 1962, fifteen African-American students filed a class action suit seeking to require their transfer from Negro public schools to white public schools. The plaintiffs alleged that race was the sole factor requiring their attendance at a black school and white students to attend a white school, conversely. On or about December 20, 1961, the Superintendent of Schools notified the infant plaintiff's parents that their respective children would be transferred to the Dupuy Road School, effective January 2, 1962, not the Ettrick Elementary School as requested. No hearing or forum to redress grievances was made availed to them. The Pupil Placement Board denied the charges against them after the School Board sought to shift responsibility onto it, alleging that overcrowding coupled with a mid-year transfer to a newly constructed facility was to blame; the transfer was said to have been made without prejudice. The Court found that Chesterfield County was an area experiencing "rapid population growth," possessing ten Negro schools and twenty white ones; "negro students are not admitted to white schools on the same basis as white students attending these schools" [the County is] operating a system of dual attendance areas. The Court concluded that racial discrimination in the admission of students to schools is prohibited. However, as the transfer of the plaintiffs occurred to assist District in populating a newly opened school so that it could be adequately utilized, their request for an injunction was denied. Given the circumstances, latitude was seen fit; there was an absence of proof that the transfer was done to "accomplish discrimination."
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 64
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3766- Avis M. Pettaway, et al vs. the County School Board of Surry County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3766
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1963 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Organizational Records; Photographs; Proceedings
Access Restricted:
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Geographic/School district coverage: Surry County, VA
Size: 1 Box
Description: In the years up to and including the 1962-63 school year, Surry County boasted a traditional dual schooling system. With three schools in the District, Surry had one attended, taught and administered solely by whites and the other, conversely, solely by blacks. Each race was afforded their own buses, ensuring that no white and black pupils shared transportation. In May and later in June 1963, the Surry County School Board received numerous applications from African-American students desiring placement in the Surry School, the counties exclusively white school. After some delay on the School Board's part, the applications were forwarded to the State Pupil Placement Board, where each of the seven black applicants was granted admission to the Surry School. After this news broke, there were a series of mass meetings, in which white citizens voiced their alarm. At these meetings, attended by the County Supervisors and School Board, it was decided that a private school was to be organized, the public schools remain open and all public school teacher's contracts terminated within the month. There was even talk of lowering taxes because of the decreased burden on the public school system. Shortly thereafter, all of the white pupils attending Surrey School, 431 in all, withdrew and enrolled in the new Foundation's School. The black pupils, who had been assigned to the now deserted Surry School by the Pupil Placement Board, in turn too applied to the Foundation's School and were all denied admission. Enrollment was by invitation only; every white child who applied got in and every black did not. The tuition for this new school was $375 for elementary school and $380 for high school. The State and County provided students a combined $250 for elementary school children and $275 for high school ones through grants. The remainder was to be afforded by the families. In late July, the Foundation President requested that the Superintendent of Schools release all the County's teachers from their contracts, he declined to do so. By August, the Superintendent presented the School Board with the resignations of 17 of the 23 teachers he had on staff. The Board told the Superintendent to accept the remainder of resignations as they came in. The decision to close the Surry School was official. The operating budget for the County public school program was reduced from $37,000 to $26,000 for the month of September. All of the teachers who resigned later found themselves under the employment of the Foundation. Surplus buses were sold off by the County to a dealer, but were later purchased by the Foundation to provide its student body adequate transportation. As a result of the loss of teachers, the students in black classrooms sky-rocketed to over fifty per class in most cases. Previously, the School Board was operating under a prescribed 30 teachers per elementary school student and 23 per high school student formula. After the case was appealed to the U.S. 4th Circuit Court of Appeals three times, it was ultimately ruled in Richmond District Court that the Foundation's School, along with any and all individuals associated with it, were barred from processing or approving applications and paying any further grants with public funds, so long as the school "refuses to accept pupil's on account of their race or color." Basically, the private school could not accept any more students and the students it already had would receive no more subsidies for their education so long as the admission process remained racist. Additionally, the Court ordered reasonable attorney's fees for the plaintiffs were to be paid by the defense.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Private schools; Public schools; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: Public grants for private schools; 4th Circuit Court of Appeals; Public schools -- Virginia -- Surry County; Pupil Placement Board
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 65
Title: Papers of Judge John Paul, 1930-1964
Creator: Paul, John, 1883-1964
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Mss 81-7
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1930 - 1964
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Organizational Records; Proceedings
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Charlottesville, Warren County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: Judge John Paul who was the district court judge who ruled that the Charlottesville schools had to reopen with a plan of integration. He was also involved in the Warren County school cases. In these files we have Paul's correspondence with attorneys such as Oliver Hill, Spottswood W. Robinson III, John S. Battle, and Lindsay Almond as well as court motions, orders etc.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Battle, John Stewart, 1890-1972; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Paul, John, -- 1883-1964; Hill, Oliver W., 1907-2007; Robinson, Spottswood W.; Public schools -- Virginia -- Warren County
Name of repository: University of Virginia, Law Library
Address: Arthur J. Morris Law Library 580 Massie Road Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Cecilia Brown
Contact Title: Special Collections Archivist
Contact Phone: (434) 924-3023
Contact Email: cb6s@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 66
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #4476- Francine Cole, et al vs. the County School Board of Petersburg County, VA, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #4476
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1995
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Petersburg County, VA
Size: 1 Box
Description: This action, originally filed in September, 1965, aimed to desegregate the Petersburg School System, "converting its faculty, staff, transportation practices, extracurricular activities, facilities, and pupil placement to a unitary system." The issue of whether or not the County was required to provide free transportation for all of its students was of particular issue in this case. In December, 1968, the Court approved a School Board plan to desegregate all of its schools and faculties beginning the following school year, September, 1969. By March of that year, it was determined that school system was still not a unitary one and required the defendants, at their own cost, to draw up a new plan. The subsequent June 29, 1971 plan submitted by the defendants was deemed "patently inadequate." On the hearing date of July 5, 1971, the defendants were ordered to put into effect the plan proposed by the plaintiff's expert witness for the Fall 1971 term. The instant motion for free transportation was also accepted by the Court contingent upon the proposed modifications of the defendants. The estimated cost if transportation was gauged to be $45.00/yr./student, amounting to a total of $140,000/yr. in transportation for the 3,138 elementary school children residing an excess of one mile from their schools and thus entitled to free transportation. Up until this point, transportation for students has been run by a private corporation charging students $.25/day to ride. An additional cost of roughly $18,000/yr. was estimated for secondary school students as only approximately 400 students qualified. The plaintiff was responsible for bearing the no less than $160,000/yr. additional burden of transportation out of their more than six million dollar/yr. budget for all elementary school students living beyond a mile of the school and secondary students beyond a mile and a half. Additionally, council fees were awarded.
Subject: Busing for school integration; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals;
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 67
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #4264- Velda Brown, et al vs. the County School Board of Gloucester County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #4264
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1984
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Pamphlets
Access Restricted:
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Geographic/School district coverage: Gloucester County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In March 1965, a class action suit was filed on behalf of all black students in Gloucester County for the County's segregated educational system. By July of that same year, the School Board had submitted to the Court a concrete plan for school desegregation, which had already been passed by their body. It was agreed upon in a 1968 supplemental plan that all 7th-9th grade students would attend a single school regardless of race or residence, 10th-12th graders attend a second school regardless of race or residence, and 1st-6th graders, regardless of race, but depending on the designated zone that they reside in, placed in particular schools; these zones had previously been agreed upon based off of a Virginia Department of Highways map dated January 1, 1965 (marked exhibit A).
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 68
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #4274- Stephanie V. Thompson, et al vs. the County School Board of Hanover County, VA, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #4274
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Pamphlets
Access Restricted:
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Geographic/School district coverage: Hanover County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: This early 1965 case was brought to trial on behalf of the students and prospective students of Hanover County. The plaintiffs filed a class action suit asking the defendants to adopt and implement a plan, which would promptly end racial segregation in the county schools. The plaintiffs also sought attorney fees. Pupil assignments had been determined by a "dual attendance area," derived from the Virginia Pupil Placement Act, 1950. In 1963, ten black students were assigned to white schools, the following year 18, the next one 50. Six out of a total of 16 schools had no black children in attendance at all; 12 have been designated as primarily white. Additionally, the faculty had not been integrated. When the School Board failed to act on the April, 1964 request for integration by the black community, this suit came to fruition. On March 4, 1965, the Hanover County school superintendent notified the State Superintendent of Public Instruction that the school officials intended to comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. On June 3, the county submitted a desegregation plan to the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Two months later, the school board adopted a revised plan, which was eventually approved by the U.S. Commissioner of Education on September 3. The plan adopted was a traditional "freedom-of-choice" one, which allowed for pupils to select the school they desired without fear of negative reproductions. Those who did not submit preferences to the county would be assigned to the school nearest their home without regard to race, ethnicity or national origin. Additionally, all racial discrimination that may have existed in the assignment of teachers or administrative personnel was to cease and be reversed. Lastly, "all services, facilities, activities and programs [including transportation] affiliated with or sponsored by the school system shall be administered without regard to race, color or national origin." The plaintiff's request for council fees was denied and denied again upon appeal.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Act; Civil Rights Act of 1964
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 69
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #4266- Charles C. Green, et al vs. the County School Board of New Kent County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #4266
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1965 - 1972
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Pamphlets
Access Restricted:
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Geographic/School district coverage: New Kent County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: Beginning in March 1965, this case made its way up to the U.S. Supreme Court. The question at hand was whether the New Kent County School Board's adoption of a "freedom-of-choice" plan, allowing pupils to select their own public school, constituted full compliance of a court-ordered mandate to "achieve a system based on a non-racial bias." The defendants continued to operate a segregated school system long after the Brown decision as a result of several Virginia statutes which were passed aiming to circumvent and/or actively resist that decision. Many of these statutes were later found to be unconstitutional. Under the Pupil Placement Act, not repealed until 1966, children were automatically reassigned to the school they had attended the previous year unless they submitted an application for transfer, then subsequently approved by the State Pupil Placement Board. Until September 1964, no black student had ever applied for admission to the County's only white school, the New Kent School, and likewise a white student had never sought to attend the Watkins school, an all-black institution. After initially seeking a dismissal, five months after the suit was filed, in August 1965, the defendants adopted the aforementioned "freedom-of-choice" plan in order to remain eligible for federal financial aid. It was ultimately determined that this plan was inadequate. Since its inception, not a single white child chose to attend Watkins school, the black institution, and though 115 black students enrolled in the white, New Kent School, 85% of all black pupils remain in the all-black facility. This system, it was determined, was all too reminiscent of the dual system. The burden of desegregation here was unjustly placed on the students and parents of New Kent, not the School Board. The School Board was therefore ordered to draw up a new plan, requiring efficient zoning, which would promptly end the effectively dual system in operation. The District Court was charged with approving the forthcoming plan.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals; Pupil Placement Act ;Pupil Placement Board
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 70
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3518- Edward Alvin Bell, et al vs. County School Board of Powhatan County, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3518
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1962 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Reports
Access Restricted:
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Geographic/School district coverage: Powhatan County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: On August 17, 1962, 65 African American students and their parents filed a class action suit against the School Board of Powhatan County, the Division Superintendent of Schools and the members of the Commonwealth's Pupil Placement Board. They alleged that the District refused to process the necessary paperwork of the students, which was filled out properly and timely, for their respective transfers to the white institution. The forms were also, in many cases withheld from black students, while the ones that were obtained sat idle upon being submitted. There are two schools in the County, one comprising of an all-white student body and staff and the other, conversely, with an all-black student body and faculty. After a January 2, 1963 trial at the District Court, an injunction against the racial segregation in the admission of school students was granted. Furthermore, the Court enjoined the defendants from closing the public schools in their County as had been the case upon receiving a similar verdict earlier in the neighboring Prince Edward County. The County was to submit a desegregation plan within 90 days. As a result of the necessary time to formulate the plan, all save three of the defendants were not made able to transfer schools. Two days after the previously order was delivered; it was suspended as a result of a pending appeal filed on behalf of the defense. The plaintiffs chose to appeal this turn of events, forcing the defendants to subsequently file a counter-appeal. In the ensuing appeal process, the School Board was deemed to have been actively engaged in perpetuating segregation. The three original students, in addition to the remainder of the infant plaintiffs, were to be admitted to the white, Powhatan School. Additionally, the original decision not to award council fees to the plaintiff was reconsidered.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Board; 4th Circuit Court of Appeals; Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 71
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3554- Renee Patrice Gilliam vs. School Board of the City of Hopewell, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3554
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1962 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Legal documents; Reports
Access Restricted:
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Geographic/School district coverage: Prince George County, VA
Size: 1 Box
Description: As of fall 1971, the defendant had achieved a desegregated school system as it pertained to its student body's racial composition; school assignment was based on geographic criteria solely. The question arose over whether the newly desegregated school, located far from predominately black neighborhoods, made it more difficult for these students to attend school. The necessity and availability of the District's partially-subsidized transportation system came into question. The defendant claimed that attendance had not been affected by this alleged issue and that they fully complied with the court-mandated desegregation plan. The plaintiff argued that the defense bears the burden of ensuring that the newly integrated students have every opportunity to receive an education. Any student who lives an excess of one mile from the school they attend ought to be provided free transportation, the plaintiff argued. In referencing other cases, as the defense provided no estimates of their own, the Court deemed that the financial burden of $54.60/student/yr. for school bus riders was not excessive for the District, which boasted a $4 million budget that year. The District was forced to provide free busing.
Subject: African American students; Busing for school integration; Public schools; School children; School integration
Additional Keywords: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 72
Title: Sarratt, Reed (1917-1986)
Creator: Sarratt, Reed
Call Number/Manuscript Number: #4549
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1930s -
Types of records: Correspondence; Memorabilia; Narrative
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: To be used only with special assistance from Technical Services staff.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 22.5 ft. (ca. 11,200 items)
Description: Correspondence, writings, notes, and other items of North Carolina journalist Reed Sarratt, whose career took him from editorial posts at the Charlotte News and the Winston-Salem Journal and Twin City Sentinel to directorships of the Southern Education Reporting Service and the Southern Newspaper Publishers' Association. Sarratt's chief editorial interest was civil rights, and he was particularly involved in monitoring the desegregation of public schools.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Reed, Sarratt; Journalists -- United States -- North Carolina; Charlotte (N.C.) -- Newspapers; Winston-Salem (N.C.) -- Newspapers; Southern Education Reporting Service; Southern Newspaper Publisher's Association; Public schools -- North Carolina -- Histor
Name of repository: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Manuscripts Department, Southern Historical Collection and General and Literary Manuscripts, Chapel Hill NC
Address: Manuscripts Department 4th Floor Wilson Library CB# 3926 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC 27514-8890
Contact Name: Tim West
Contact Title: Director of the Southern Historical Collection
Contact Phone: (919) 962-1345
Contact Email: timwest@email.unc.edu
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 73
Title: Doherty, James Louis (1932-)
Creator: Doherty, James Louis (1932-)
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 77-630
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1969 - 1972
Types of records: Correspondence; Memorabilia; Narrative; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Richmond, VA
Size: 155 items
Description: Author, of Richmond, Va. Correspondence while serving as chairman of the West End Concerned Parents and Friends, pertaining to desegregation of schools and the publication of Doherty's book, Race and Education in Richmond (1972), ms. of the book, and essays and reports. Correspondents include Mary Ellen Anderson, Ryland V. Bailey, Myron Berman, John A. Blackburn, Thomas J. Bliley, Callendine Boushall, Harry F. Byrd, Jr., Wilson Walker Cowen, Virginia A. Crockford, William V. Daniel, Earle Dunford, William O. Edwards, Harry Elmore, James D. Farrar, James A. Forbes, William J. Frable, William S. Griffith, Ruth Alice N. Halsband, Clement F. Haynsworth, Robert P. Hildrup, Robert G. Holland, Linwood Holton, Robert Pendleton Hunt, Laurence H. Levy, Nancy G. Levy, Albert Ray Merchent, Walter Frederick Mondale, Herbert C. Mudie, Edwin P. Munson, Richard D. Obenshain, Jacob M. Orndorff, Delano Page, Thomas Fraser Pettigrew, William Edward Poe, Thomas N. Pollard, Wayland W. Rennie,and Joseph M. Salmon.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Busing for school integration; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Authors -- United States -- Virginia; Anderson, Mary Ellen; Bailey, Ryland V.; Berman, Myron, 1928; Blackburn, John A.; Bliley, Thomas J. (Thomas Jerome), 1932-; Boushall, Callendine; Byrd, Harry Flood,1914-; Cowen, Wilson Walker, (1934-1987); Dunford
Name of repository: Virginia Historical Society, Richmond VA
Address: 428 North Boulevard, Richmond, Virginia 23220
Contact Name: L. Eileen Parris
Contact Title: Archivist
Contact Phone: (804) 342-9675
Contact Email: eparris@vahistorical.org
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 74
Title: Benjamin Muse Papers
Creator: Muse, Benjamin
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1919 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Memorabilia; Narrative; Speeches
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Reston, VA
Size: 747 Items.
Description: Papers of Benjamin Muse, politician, journalist, experimental farmer, and civil rights activist. In 1959 Muse was given a post on the Southern Regional Council (formerly the Committee on Interracial Cooperation) and was director of their leadership project from 1959-1964. Included in the collection are fifteen speeches on the race question delivered in various places in the South. Also are drafts and notes on three of his books dealing with race relations: Virginia's Massive Resistance, Ten Years of Prelude, and The American Negro Revolution. Of particular interest is the "Memoranda," reports issued to the SRC on his conversations with Southern leaders and observations on race relations made during the five years he spent traveling through the South, when integration and the Civil Rights Movement were having their biggest impact. While predominantly conversations with white men, these reports provided detailed accounts of school desegregation, lunch counter sit-ins, and student activism throughout the south. As such they provide context for the lives of southern African-American women in the early 1960s.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Muse, Benjamin; Southern Regional Council
Name of repository: Duke Special Collection Library, Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture
Address: Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library Box 90185 Duke University Durham, North Carolina 27708-0185
Contact Name: Kelly Wooten
Contact Title: Research Services and Collection Development Librarian
Contact Phone: (919) 660-5967
Contact Email: kelly.wooten@duke.edu
Dove region:

Submission Number: 75
Title: David Neff Papers
Creator: Neff, David Pembroke
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 101
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1955 - 1990
Types of records: Correspondence; Memorabilia; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia and other southern states
Size: 1 box
Description: Pro-segregation newsletters, correspondence, articles, telegrams, reports. Primary focus of material is a Southside Virginia group, Defenders of State Sovereignty. Partially processed.
Subject: African American--Segregation; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Defenders of State Sovereignty; Segregation -- Virginia -- Hampton Roads, Neff, David
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 76
Title: Dean of Students Papers
Creator: Dean of Students, Emory and Henry College
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1950s -
Types of records: Correspondence; Organizational Records
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Collection is unprocessed. Permission of the archivist is required for access.
Geographic/School district coverage: Emory, VA
Size: 10 linear feet
Description: The Dean of Students Papers reflect a wide range of academic and other matters affecting the lives of Emory and Henry students. This collection contains substantive information about aspects of the process of desegregating Emory and Henry College in the 1960s and 1970s.
Subject: African American students; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Emory and Henry College Archives and Special Collections
Address: P. O. Box 948 Emory, VA 24327-0948
Contact Name: Robert J. Vejnar, II
Contact Title: Archivist
Contact Phone: 276 944-6668
Contact Email: rvejnar@ehc.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 77
Title: Papers of President Earl Hunt, Jr.
Creator: Hunt, Earl G.
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1956 - 1964
Types of records: Correspondence; Organizational Records
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Collection is unprocessed. Permission of the archivist is required for access.
Geographic/School district coverage: Emory, VA
Size: 9 l.f. (22 boxes)
Description: President Earl Hunt encouraged and oversaw the integration of Emory and Henry College. His papers while president reflect these efforts. The collection is unprocessed and requires permission from the archivist to access.
Subject: African American students; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Emory and Henry College Archives and Special Collections
Address: P.O. Box 948 Emory, VA 24327-0948
Contact Name: Robert J. Vejnar, II
Contact Title: Archivist
Contact Phone: 276 944-6668
Contact Email: rvejnar@ehc.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 78
Title: Records of T. Marshall Hahn, Jr.
Creator: Hahn, T. Marshall (Thomas Marshall), 1926-
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 2/11
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/vt/viblbv00015.xml.frame
Date range: 1962 - 1974
Types of records: Correspondence; Organizational Records; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 101 cu. ft.
Description: This collection contains primarily correspondence concerning University matters, including letters to and from alumni, faculty, parents, and students. Correspondence with the Board of Visitors and government officials is also included in the collection. There is material concerning the Alumni Association, budget information, Higher Education Study Commission (1965), University Council, Association of Land-Grant Colleges and State Universities, State Council of Higher Education in Virginia, Task Force for Innovative Approaches to Instruction (1973), Consortium for Continuing Higher Education in Northern Virginia (1973), civil rights, proposal for College of Veterinary Medicine (1974, Box 95, folders 3211-3215), and various University committees and commissions. The collection is arranged in annual alphabetical files. Materials relating to segregation, integration, and civil rights are located in folders labeled "Civil Rights"
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Hahn, Marshall T., Jr.
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 79
Title: President Walter S. Newman
Creator: Office of the Vice President, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 3/3
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Office of the Vice President, Louis A. Pardue
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/vt/viblbv00180.xml.frame
Date range: 1950 - 1951
Types of records: Correspondence; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: 1 document
Description: A letter sent by Walter S. Newman of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute to Dr. Louis A. Pardue and Mr. Duncan L. Kinnear. Attached is a copy of a letter from Virginia Attorney General J. Lindsay Almond, Jr. to T. Justin Moore and attorney from Richmond, VA. The letter gives Almond's opinions on a court case, Davis vs. Large, et als. in Prince Edward County, VA and its relation to a case in South Carolina regarding segregation. Also attached is a typescript of an unattributed opinion on the fallacy of anti-segregationist arguments.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; High school students; Public schools; School children; Segregation in education; Virginia. Dept. of Education; Virginia. Supreme Court of Appeals
Additional Keywords: Public schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County -- History -- 20th century; Newman, Walter S. (Walter Stephenson), 1895-1978
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 80
Title: The faculty papers of Ernest Trice Thompson
Creator: Thompson, Ernest Trice, 1894-1985
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1922 - 1964
Types of records: Correspondence; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Richmond, VA
Size: unknown
Description: Union Presbyterian Seminary houses the faculty papers of Ernest Trice Thompson (1894-1985). He was Professor of Church History at Union for many years, and editor of The Presbyterian Outlook; he also wrote the definitive history Presbyterians in the South (1963). Ernest Trice Thompson was a strong advocate for a Social Gospel interpretation of Christian life, and therefore an early and persistent voice for desegregation, at a time when this position was a costly one within the white Southern Presbyterian Church.
Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Race relations
Additional Keywords: Thompson, Ernest Trice, 1894-1985; Presbyterian Church -- United States -- History; Union Presbyterian Seminary; Theologians -- United States
Name of repository: Union Presbyterian Seminary
Address: Special Collections and Archives William Smith Morton Library Union Presbyterian Seminary 3401 Brook Road Richmond, VA 23227
Contact Name: Dr. Paula Skreslet
Contact Title: Reference and Archives Librarian
Contact Phone:
Contact Email: pskreslet@upsem.edu
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 81
Title: School Desegregation in Norfolk, Virginia
Creator: Old Dominion University Libraries
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/schooldesegregation/index.htm
Date range: 1954 - 1954
Types of records: Correspondence; Reports; Clippings; Photographs; Legal documents; Press releases; Financial records
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions. Questions on copyrights should be directed to the University Counsel.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia; Norfolk, VA
Size: approximately 3000 documents
Description: This digital collection relates to Massive Resistance and school desegregation in Norfolk, Virginia. Included are selected documents from the following collections: Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation, ODU Oral History Collection, Margaret White Papers, Forrest P. White Papers, A.E.S. Stephens Papers, Paul T. Schweitzer Papers, Henry E. Howell, Jr. Papers and Archie L. Boswell Papers. These collections document the activities of the Norfolk School Board, the Norfolk Committee on Public Schools, an attorney representing the plaintiffs in the lawsuits initiated to reopen the schools, and a teacher. A Timeline of events and an extensive list of Resources included. While the majority of the collections concern the events of the school closings in Norfolk, many also contain information on Virginia's reaction to the Supreme Court's decision as a whole. It is important to note that these collections primarily represent the reactions of the white community in Norfolk.
Subject:
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 82
Title: Timeline of Black History at Virginia Tech
Creator: University Archives
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Black History at Virginia Tech
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://spec.lib.vt.edu/archives/blackhistory/timeline
Date range: 1890 - 2002
Types of records: Documentary Films; Narrative; Oral History; Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: unknown
Description: The Timeline of Black History at Virginia Tech chronicles important individuals, groups, events and dates, outstanding achievements, and newspaper articles pertaining to the history of African-Americans in the university and the community.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Tamara Kennelly
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 540-231-9214
Contact Email: tjk@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 83
Title: Administrative files of the Consultative Resource Center 11976, 1980-1982.
Creator: Curry School of Education. Consultative Resource Center
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1980 - 1982
Types of records: Financial records; Government papers; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Charlottesville, VA
Size: circa 10 items
Description: Files concern the Consultative Resource Center and its proposed Desegregation Assistance Center and include budget, report from the Office of Sponsored Programs, leasing arrangements, and application to the U. S. Office of Education for a section 403 funding award. The Desegregation Assistance Center was "to provide technical assistance to local educational agencies... which will enable them to develop effective methods, techniques, strategies and practices for coping with special educational problems occasioned by the implementation of school desegregation."
Subject: African American students; Busing for school integration; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Consultative Resource Center; Desegregation Assistance Center; Curry School of Education; University of Virginia; United States. Office of Education
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 84
Title: York County (Va.) School Records
Creator: Circuit Court Clerk
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Barcode number 1201613
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi04031.xml
Date range: 1933 - 1978
Types of records: Financial records; Government papers; Report
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: York County, VA
Size: approximately .35 cubic feet
Description: Includes term reports, the annual library report for elementary and secondary schools, and preliminary and final annual high school reports. These are for both white and black schools in York County. Principal's reports list the teachers, their salaries, the number of days children attended school, and include statistical reports on the school libraries and PTAs. There are separate reports, required by the State Department of Education, on school libraries, 1933-1939, for both black and white schools. These give details on the training of library staff, the holdings of the library, and what kind of furniture was in the reading rooms. A more detailed list of contents: Principal's or Head Teacher's Term Reports, 1939-1978; Annual Library Reports for Elementary and Secondary Schools, 1933-1939; Annual High School Reports, 1964-1966; and Annual Junior High Reports, 1966-1967.
Subject: African American students; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; School children
Additional Keywords: Public schools -- Virginia -- York County; Teachers -- Virginia -- York County; School principals -- Virginia
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 85
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case # 3536: United States v. County School Board of Prince George County, et al.
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case # 3536
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1962 - 1963
Types of records: Government papers; Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince George County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In 1962, the Department of Defense recognized the matter of desegregating educational facilities and family housing on military bases, in particular Fort Lee, Virginia. Fourteen years prior to the case President Harry Truman issued Executive Order 9981 stating that the highest standards of democracy were to be maintained in the armed forces; equality of treatment and opportunity were to be implemented immediately. Coincidentally, African-American servicemen and their children did not receive the equal rights guaranteed under Truman's Order. As a result, the case was brought before the Eastern District court of Richmond, pitting the Department of Defense against the School board; specifically the Pupil Placement Board of Petersburg and St. George County. During the trial the prosecution showed the court that not only were the defendants blatantly refusing accommodation for minority students but the Board had a policy in effect that prevented minority children from receiving the same rights during the application process. Citing Truman's Order, the 14th Amendment and the fact that they honorably served their country during war time, the servicemen won the case. All schools on military bases were to be desegregated without delay. This case led to a 1963 directive written by Secretary of State McNamara that stated the immediate elimination of discrimination in family housing.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Pupil Placement Board; United States. Army -- African Americans; District Courts -- United States -- Virginia; Executive orders -- United States; Executive Order 9981; Truman, Harry S, 1884-1972; United States. Dept. of Defense; Children of military perso
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 86
Title: Civil Suits 1957
Creator: Hoffman, Walter E.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: 2004M:001
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/wl-law/vilxwl00014.document
Date range: 1957 - 1957
Types of records: Government papers; Legal documents; Speeches
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, Newport News, Hampton
Size: 3 folders
Description: Includes 1)Decrees, decisions and memoranda from Beckett, Jerome A. Atkins et al v. The School Board of the City of Newport News. 2)Pupil Placement Board orders for Hampton 3)Speech at Admiralty Day luncheon re: desegregation of Norfolk Public Schools.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Public schools -- Virginia -- Newport News; Public schools -- Virginia -- Hampton; Hoffman, Walter E.
Name of repository: Washington and Lee University School of Law Special Collections
Address: Washington and Lee University School of Law Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Archives Sydney Lewis Hall, Lexington, VA 24450-0303
Contact Name: John N. Jacob
Contact Title: Archivist
Contact Phone: (540) 458-8969
Contact Email: powell@wlu.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 87
Title: Chesapeake School Board Minutes
Creator: City of Chesapeake
Call Number/Manuscript Number: none
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: pre-Civil War -
Types of records: Government papers; Minutes; Organizational Records
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Researchers must apply for access
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk County, Chesapeake
Size: unknown
Description: Contains minutes and organizational records in regard to the Norfolk County and later City of Chesapeake public schools.
Subject: Public schools; School children; School integration
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: City of Chesapeake School Board
Address: School Administration Building 312 Cedar Road Chesapeake, VA 23322
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (757) 547-1033
Contact Email:
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 88
Title: Minutes of Meetings of the City of Hampton School Board, July 29, 1920 - March 14, 1973
Creator: Hampton Public Schools
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1920 - 1973
Types of records: Government papers; Minutes; Proceedings
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Hampton, VA
Size: unknown
Description: Contains the minutes of Meetings of the City of Hampton School Board. Stored within the Virginiana Collection at the main library in Hampton.
Subject: Public schools; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Hampton Public Library
Address: 4207 Victoria Blvd. Hampton, VA 23669
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: 757-727-1154
Contact Email:
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 89
Title: Arlington County Public Schools: Desegregation Material
Creator: Arlington County Virginia School System
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Record Group 69
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1954 - 1976
Types of records: Government papers; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Patron is responsible for obtaining any necessary copyright interests and/or literary rights from the owners/donors/heirs pursuant to publishing any work which cites, reproduces, or interprets non-published materials.Library will not assume responsibility
Geographic/School district coverage: Arlington County, VA
Size: 5.9 linear ft.
Description: Information related to the integration of Arlington County public schools, including history, redistricting, pupil distribution, and boundary maps. In the 1954 Brown vs. the Board of Education case, the Supreme Court declared the policy of segreated schools unconstitutional. In the face of this ruling and its implication for the integration of schools throughout the United States, many in Virginia attempted to block the desegregation of Virginia's public schools. Governor Lindsey Almond decided to adopt a plan called massive resistance. Massive resistance rejected integration and proposed that rather than submitting to integration Virginia close the public schools. The Arlington County School Board had devi sed a three-year integration plan. Massive resistance forced Arlington to alter this plan. Many Arlingtonians opposed massive resistance. As school districts voiced opposition to closing their schools, massive resistance failed. Arlington integrated its first school on February 2, 1959. The desegration of all of Arlington's school would not be completed until 1971.
Subject: African American students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration
Additional Keywords: Arlington County (Va.). School Board. School integration -- Virginia -- Arlington County. Segregation in education -- Virginia. Segregation -- Virginia -- Arlington County. Arlington County (Va.) -- Education. Arlington County (Va.) -- History, Local -- Archival resources.
Name of repository: Arlington County Public Library, Virginia Room
Address: 1015 N. Quincy St Arlington, Virginia 22201
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (703) 228-5966
Contact Email:
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 90
Title: Desegregation Records
Creator: Commonwealth of Virginia
Call Number/Manuscript Number: none
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1952 - 1978
Types of records: Government papers; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: unknown
Description: Defunct Series - documents the desegregation of public schools in the Commonwealth of Virginia between 1952 and 1978. Files documenting desegregation may also be found in Series 008111, "School System Studies and Reports: Final Record Copy - Historically Significant", Series 008117, "Superintendent's Administrative Records: Policy and Program Development", and Series 008118, "Superintendent's Legal Opinions File".
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: Virginia. Dept. of Education -- studies; Virginia. Dept. of Education -- reports
Name of repository: University of Richmond Libraries
Address: Boatwright Memorial Library 28 Westhampton Way University of Richmond, VA 23173
Contact Name: Jim Gwin
Contact Title: Head, Collections Development and Special Collections
Contact Phone: (804) 289-8458
Contact Email: jgwin@richmond.edu
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 91
Title: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Lynchburg Division, Civil Action Case #66-C-10-L-Sweet Briar Institute vs. Button et al
Creator: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Lynchburg Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #66-C-10-L
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1966 - 1967
Types of records: Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Amherst, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In 1966, Sweet Briar Institute, a women's college founded in 1901 in Amherst, Virginia, matriculated its first African-American student. The Attorney General of the State of Virginia and the Commonwealth Attorney for Amherst County Virginia filed an injunction against Sweet Briar Institute, claiming that the Institute was in violation of the Will of Indiana Fletcher Williams. The Will, probated in 1901, bequeathed the land for the establishment of Sweet Briar Institute on the condition that only white females be admitted as students. In April 1966, Sweet Briar Institute filed suit in the Amherst County Court and in the U.S. District Court in Lynchburg asking that a restraining order against the state injunction be issued. Sweet Briar argued that the State and County's enforcement of the racially restrictive provisions of the Will was harmful to Sweet Briar's ability to attract top-quality faculty and students to the college and to receive federal education grants. The District Court promptly issued the restraining order. The defendants appealed the restraining order and asked that the case be heard before a three-judge panel. In July 1966 the case was argued before the three-judge panel in Charlottesville. The plaintiffs asked the panel to uphold the district court's restraining order. The defendants requested that as long as the case was still pending in the Amherst County Court that the Federal court abstain from ruling on the restraining order until the county case was concluded. In December 1966, the three-judge panel ruled against Sweet Briar Institute by deciding to abstain from intervening against the injunction filed by the State of Virginia and Amherst County against Sweet Briar Institute. Sweet Briar Institute appealed this ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court, which, in May 1967 overturned the decision of the three-judge panel and ordered that the District Court's restraining order against the State of Virginia and Amherst County be enforced; which was done by the District Court in July 1967.
Subject: African American students; Private schools; School integration; Segregation in higher education; United States. Supreme Court; Virginia. Supreme Court of Appeals
Additional Keywords: Sweet Briar College; Wills -- Virginia -- Amherst County ; District courts -- United States -- Virginia
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 92
Title: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Charlottesville, Civil Action Case #30: Gregory Hayes Swanson v. The Rector and the Visitors of the University of Virginia
Creator: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Charlottesville
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #30
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1950 - 1960
Types of records: Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Charlottesville, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In the summer of 1950, an African American lawyer named Gregory Swanson applied to take additional graduate courses at the University of Virginia's Law School. Swanson had graduated from the Howard Law School and was seeking to take graduate courses at the University of Virginia. However, when Swanson applied to the school, his application was denied because of his race. At the time, Virginia's higher education segregation laws did not permit African Americans from entering a white school. As a result, Swanson "with the help of Thurgood Marshall and Charles Houston" took the case to the Western District Court of Virginia. During the Court's proceedings, Swanson pointed out that he would have been accepted to the school had he been a white with the same qualifications. During the trial, Swanson told the court that he was merely trying to exercise his legal right to freedom of discrimination. While the segregation laws of Virginia were designed to prevent blacks from entering schools of higher education, the laws clearly had a bigger enemy than Swanson: the United States Constitution. The 14th Amendment states that, "No state can make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States." Furthermore, Swanson's legal team brought to light two other desegregation cases in their arguments. Pearson v. Murray stated that the state cannot undertake the function of education in law, and that no person may be omitted from education because of skin color. The case also stated that students must be offered equal treatment and be admitted to the school provided. The second case, "Sweatt v. Painter", took place in Texas. The court's ruling backed Swanson's argument by saying that "We hold that the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment requires that the petitioner be admitted to the University of Texas Law School." In reaching the final decision, the three US Circuit judges agreed that Swanson was denied entry in to the University of Virginia Law School solely because he was a member of the "Negro Race". The judges went on to say that Swanson possessed all of the scholastic and moral qualifications necessary for him to be accepted into the Law School. By use of the 14th Amendment, Swanson and his legal team were able to break down the race barriers that were designed to keep African-Americans out of Virginia higher educational facilities. This landmark decision by the Western District of Virginia successfully concluded that no person could be held back from a higher education exclusively because of their race or skin color.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: District courts --United States -- Virginia; Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993; Houston, Charles Hamilton, 1895-1950; University of Virginia -- School of Law; Pearson v. Murray; Sweatt v. Painter; University of Texas Law School; Howard Law School
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 93
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia -Newport News Division, Civil Action Case # 489-Jerome Atkins, et al vs. School Board of the City of Newport News, VA, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia -Newport News Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case # 489
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1956 - 1958
Types of records: Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Newport News, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In April 1956, the parents of Jerome Atkins and 53 other children filed suit in the U.S. District Court that the school board of Newport News, VA, was denying the plaintiffs their civil rights under the 14th Amendment by continuing to enforce racial segregation in the city schools. The plaintiffs petitioned the Court to restrain the school board from barring admission to any student on the grounds of race. The lead attorney for the plaintiffs was future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall. Trial proceedings were held in November 1956 and in February 1957, the District Court ruled that racial segregation in the Newport News school system must end and that the schools must be opened on an integrated basis by the start of the 1957-1958 school year. The defendants appealed the ruling to the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals. In July 1957, the Circuit Court upheld the District Court's decision ending racial segregation in the Newport News school system.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; School children; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.
Additional Keywords: Marshall, Thurgood, -- 1908-1993; District courts --United States -- Virginia; Schools -- Virginia -- Newport News; United States. Circuit Courts
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 94
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Norfolk Division, Civil Action Case #50: Walter B. Alston, et al. vs. School Board of the City of Norfolk, et al.
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Norfolk Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #50
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1938 - 1940
Types of records: Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In October of 1938, attorney Thurgood Marshall filed a petition for Norfolk teacher Arline Black. Black was seeking salary equalization from the School Board of the City of Norfolk and was consequently fired. After Black moved to New York, Marshall filed the suit on behalf of Melvin Alston, president of the Norfolk Teachers Association. Though they lost the first case, a federal appeals court ordered that African-American teachers should be paid salaries equal to those of white teachers. The plaintiffs in the case stated that their constitutional right of "equal protection" - guaranteed under the 14th Amendment - was being violated due to the school board discriminating on the grounds of race and color. The 1940 case found that white and African-American public school teachers with comparable qualifications needed to be paid equally. This case was one of the first cases to assert equal educational rights for African-Americans.
Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations
Additional Keywords: African Americans -- Education -- Virginia -- History -- 20th century; African American teachers -- Southern States -- History -- 20th century; Marshall, Thurgood, -- 1908-1993; Teachers -- Salaries, etc. -- United States
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 95
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case # 1333-Davis et al vs. County School Board of Prince Edward County
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case # 1333
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1951 - 1964
Types of records: Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: The Dorothy Davis case raised the issue of equality between the county's white and non-white schools. Prince Edward County, Virginia, had three high schools at the time: the whites-only Farmville and Worsham high schools, and the blacks-only Moton high school. As demonstrated by testimony and photographs, the educational facilities and courses were decidedly not equal. When the U.S. District Court ruled in favor of the defendants, the plaintiffs appealed to the 4th Circuit Court of Appeals. Eventually, the Dorothy Davis case became one of the five cases decided by the United States Supreme Court under the name of Brown v. Board of Education. Having decided in Brown that the separate but equal doctrine laid out in previous decisions was no longer valid, the Supreme Court ordered the desegregation of all public school districts. However, the decree from the United States District Court allowed Prince Edward County to continue operating as before until a statewide desegregation policy was established. Like so many other school districts, Prince Edward County fought the Supreme Court decision. Their tactics were unorthodox - rather than desegregate the school system, they simply closed the public schools. A private school, funded with vouchers from the County School Board, was founded which accepted only the white children of the county. The Davis case was resurrected first as Eva Allen v. the County School Board and later as Cocheyse J. Griffin v. the County School Board in order to force Prince Edward County to reopen the public schools and follow the original mandate of the Supreme Court. Finally, in 1964 the Supreme Court ruled that the county was required to provide public education to all children. Appeals of this case were filed in RG 276, Records of the U.S. Court of Appeals, 4th Circuit Case Files # 7829, 8837, 9597 and 10,191.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; High school students; Public schools; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Schools -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County --R. R. Moton High School (Farmville, Va.) -- History -- 20th century; Farmville (Va.) -- History -- 20th century; District courts -- United States -- Virginia; United States. Court of Appeals (4th Circuit); Coc
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 96
Title: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division, Civil Action Case #3822- Audrey D. Hill, et al vs. the County School Board of Prince George County, Virginia, et al
Creator: USDC, Eastern District of Virginia, Richmond Division
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case #3822
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1963 - 1973
Types of records: Legal documents
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince George County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In October 1963, a class action suit was brought against the School Board of Prince George County on behalf of black students in the County. The plaintiff's claim rested on the biracial school system of the County in which certain schools had entirely black student bodies and staff and conversely others entirely white student bodies and staff. The plaintiff's argued that the defendants made no effort to desegregate the public school system as they were bound by law. Solely on the basis of race, the County, "deliberately and purposefully" require student, staff and administrative to be assigned to particular schools with all but any exceptions. When a number of black students applied to gain admittance to predominately white schools in October and November of 1962 for the 1962-63 school year and again for the following school year (1963-64), the applications were disproved by the Pupil Placement Board. The reason for denial was cited as follows: "enrollment would contribute to an intolerable overcrowded condition in the [particular] grade of the [school to which the application was made]." Under the Fourteenth Amendment, the plaintiffs claimed that they were being deprived of their liberties and equal protection under the law. No plan for any degree of desegregation existed for the present or future in the County. As a result of the plaintiff's ultimate acceptance to the schools to which they applied, the injunction of a mandated desegregated system was denied by the Court. No plan for desegregation was required to subsequently be submitted to the Court in the order. Additionally, the plaintiff's costs for the action were to be recovered, but attorney fees denied.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 97
Title: Frederick D. G. Ribble
Creator: Ribble, F. D. G. (Frederick Deane Goodwin), 1898-1970
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Mss 77-1
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1920 - 1965
Types of records: Legal documents; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 4 folders
Description: Professional papers, his appointment to the Gray commission and involvement with the Prince Edward Free School Association.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Ribble, F. D. G. (Frederick Deane Goodwin), 1898-1970.; Public schools--Virginia--Prince Edward County; Gray commission
Name of repository: University of Virginia, Law Library
Address: Arthur J. Morris Law Library 580 Massie Road Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Cecilia Brown
Contact Title: Special Collections Archivist
Contact Phone: (434) 924-3023
Contact Email: cb6s@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 98
Title: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Roanoke, Civil Action Case # 341: P. C. Corbin vs. the County School Board of Pulaski County, Virginia
Creator: USDC, Western District of Virginia, Roanoke
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Action Case # 341
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1947 - 1949
Types of records: Legal documents; Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Pulaski County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: In 1947, African American attorneys Oliver Hill and Spottswood Robinson represented a legal suit initiated by Dr. P. C. Corbin on behalf of his son, Mahatma Corbin. This case became part of a movement of local class-action lawsuits orchestrated by Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP Legal Defense Fund to equalize the public education of blacks. Mahatma Corbin v. County School Board of Pulaski County was one of the last equalization cases the NAACP Legal Defense undertook before pursuing the Virginia desegregation case, Davis v. County School Board Prince Edward County. Dr. Corbin filed this lawsuit in Virginia federal court with the intent to achieve an improved education environment for his son. The bus ride to Christiansburg was very long and cold. The school was poorly heated and also too cold. A young girl had died of tuberculosis in 1941 partly due to the conditions, according to briefs filed. The Christiansburg School was also below standard and did not provide adequate preparation for college. As evidence, the legal team presented extensive photographs of school conditions. Spottswood and Hill lost the first round in the Virginia federal court. Six months later, in November 1949, Baltimore's U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals came down on Corbin's side: The courts, the judge pronounced, have a "solemn duty" to strike down "forbidden racial discrimination." A school board spokesman said officials were "shocked" by the decision, insisting that "no discrimination against Negroes existed." A week later the board met to discuss a possible Supreme Court appeal. At that meeting, the board refused to provide high school facilities for blacks in Pulaski. The case proceeded no further. Shortly thereafter, the NAACP rolled out a new strategy attacking segregation head-on in the Supreme Court. Local battles for equalization were abandoned.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; High school students; Public schools; Segregation in education; Segregation in higher education; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Hill, Oliver W., 1907-2007; Robinson, Spottswood W. ; Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Schools --Virginia --Pulaski County; United States. Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
Name of repository: NARA Mid-Atlantic Region
Address: 14700 Townsend Road Philadelphia PA 19154-1025
Contact Name: David Weber
Contact Title: Director, Records Management Program
Contact Phone: (215) 305-2020
Contact Email: philadelphia.reference@nara.gov
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 99
Title: The Papers of Allan G. Donn
Creator: Donn, Allan G.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 106
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/donn.htm
Date range: 1961 - 1970
Types of records: Legal documents; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA; Norfolk, VA; Richmond, VA; Charlotte, NC
Size: One Hollinger document case
Description: Allan Gerald Donn was born in 1939 in Norfolk to Milton Donn and Freda Fleder. He graduated from the University of Virginia with a Bachelor of Arts. In 1964, he received a Bachelor of Laws (LLB) from Harvard University Law School and became engaged to Susan L. Berman who he later married. A year later Donn was admitted to the Virginia State Bar. In 1967, he received a Master of Laws (LLM) in Taxation from Georgetown Law Center. As of 2010, Donn is a member of Willcox and Savage, specializing in partnerships, limited liability companies, taxation and estate planning. While a student at Harvard, Donn was present when the United States Supreme Court heard the school desegregation case, Cocheyse J. Griffin v. County School Board of Prince Edward County. In this pivotal case, the court ruled that closing public schools to avoid desegregation was unconstitutional and ordered that they be reopened. Later, as a member of Norfolk legal firm of Willcox, Savage, Lawrence, Dickson & Spindle, Donn represented the School Board of City of Norfolk in desegregation cases in the late 1960s and 1970s. The collection contains court documents and a research paper related to school desegregation in Prince Edward County, Norfolk and Richmond, Virginia and North Carolina. The first four folders relate to Prince Edward County, Virginia. The last folder contains court documents for a case filed in North Carolina - Swan v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg. It includes an amicus curiae brief filed by the Virginia Attorney General that discusses school desegregation in Norfolk and Richmond Virginia.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Cocheyse J. Griffin v. County School Board of Prince Edward County; Public schools--Virginia--Richmond; Public schools--Virginia--Prince Edward County; Public schools--North Carolina--Charlotte
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 100
Title: Black Alumni
Creator: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 29/8
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Alumni Association Information
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1998 - 1999
Types of records: Maps; Memorabilia
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 1 folder
Description: Contains materials related to the 1999 Virginia Tech Black Alumni Reunion, including a questionnaire, schedule of events, list of participants (giving current address and year of graduation), two printed articles on Tech's early black history, "Breaking the Double Barrier The First Black Women at Tech" and "The First Black Students at Virginia Tech," and a Fall 1998 issue of Diversity News (a publication of Tech's EOAA Office).
Subject: African American students; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries, PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 101
Title: Christiansburg [Virginia] Industrial Institute, Historical Documents
Creator: Christiansburg Institute Alumni
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 91-033
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/vt/viblbv00028.xml/frame
Date range: 1866 - 1991
Types of records: Memorabilia; Narrative
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Montgomery County, VA
Size: .4 cu. ft.
Description: The Christiansburg Industrial Institute (CII) was founded in 1866 in Cambria (now Christiansburg), Virginia, by Civil War Union Captain Charles S. Shaeffer as a private primary school for black children. Through the support of the Friends Freedmen's Association in Philadelphia (a Quaker organization), Shaeffer received financial backing for the school. In 1896 Booker T. Washington molded the program to one that would emphasize technical training for blacks. A 185-acre farm was purchased as the school's campus in 1905. In 1934 the Montgomery County School Board began its management of the school. CII was converted in 1947 to a regional high school for blacks, and closed in 1966 when the local schools were integrated. The collection consists primarily of writings and reminisces by CII alumni.
Subject: African American students; Private schools; Public schools; School closings; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries, PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 102
Title: Linda Edmonds's Scrap Book
Creator: Turner, Linda Edmonds, 1948-
Call Number/Manuscript Number: LD5655 A7942 1997 VPI
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://spec.lib.vt.edu/archives/blackwomen/edmondhp.htm
Date range: 1966 - 1996
Types of records: Memorabilia; Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 1 volume
Description: Color photocopy of scrapbook made by Linda Edmonds (Turner), one of the six first six black women students at Virginia Tech that came to the university in 1966. The scrapbook includes materials from her time at Virginia Tech as well as images of her family, her three-room elementary school, and materials related to Dean College where she was assistant vice president.
Subject: African American students; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in education; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Dean College; Turner, Linda Edmonds, 1948-
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Tamara Kennelly
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 540-231-9214
Contact Email: tjk@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 103
Title: Negro Applicants
Creator: Old Dominion University
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 33, Series 1, Box 7, Folder 3
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Norfolk Division of William & Mary and Old Dominion College
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/norfolk-division.htm
Date range: 1941 - 1941
Types of records: Military records; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 1 folder
Description: Negro applicants to Norfolk Division William and Mary's War training school.
Subject: Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: College of William and Mary. Norfolk Division; College of William and Mary. Norfolk Division -- War Training School; World War, 1939-1945
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 104
Title: Minutes of Meetings of the Emory and Henry College Board of Trustees
Creator: Emory and Henry Board of Trustees
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1837 - 2011
Types of records: Minutes
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Minutes for the last 75 years are restricted. Contact the archivist for instructions on how to request permission for access from the Board of Trustees.
Geographic/School district coverage: Emory, VA
Size: 6 volumes
Description: Minute books of the Emory and Henry Board of Trustees for the period 1945 to 1965 contain entries reflecting the steps considered, rejected, and taken in the desegregation process for the college. The minute books for in the custody of the archives are open to the public.
Subject: African American students; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Emory and Henry College Archives and Special Collections
Address: P. O. Box 948 Emory, VA 24327-0948
Contact Name: Robert J. Vejnar, II
Contact Title: Archivist
Contact Phone: 276 944-6668
Contact Email: rvejnar@ehc.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 105
Title: Generations of Women Leaders at Virginia Tech
Creator: Cox, Clara B.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: LD 5655.A4 1996
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1996 - 1996
Types of records: Narrative
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 1 book
Description: Description of the arrival, experiences, influence, growth, and achievements of women students and faculty at Virginia Tech between 1921-1996. Includes black women. Also includes description of Tech's relationship to Radford University during the period that Radford was the women's division of VPI. Publication was a product of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 75th Anniversary Steering Committee.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Women students; Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Radford University
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron D. Purcell
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 106
Title: Black Appalachians Oral History Project
Creator: Cooke, Michael A.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Ms91-109
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/vt/viblbv00024.xml.frame
Date range: 1991 - 1991
Types of records: Narrative; Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Montgomery County, VA
Size: 0.4 cu. ft.; 2 boxes
Description: The Black Appalachians Oral History Project consists of approximately twenty-five taped interviews conducted by Dr. Michael Cooke of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University concerning black life in Appalachia, especially in Montgomery County, Virginia. Collected during the early 1990s, many of the interviews include information and history of segregation and integration of schools in and around Montgomery County. The interviewees represented communities such as Blacksburg, Christiansburg, Elliston, Riner, Shawsville, and Wake Forest. Transcripts are currently available for six of the interviews.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Montgomery County, Virginia; Blacksburg, Virginia; Christiansburg, Virginia; Elliston, Virginia; Riner, Virginia; Shawsville, Virginia; Wake Forest, Virginia
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 107
Title: J. Lindsay Almond Oral History
Creator: Hackman, Larry J.
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/Archives/JFKOH-JLA-01.aspx
Date range: 1968 - 1969
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 25 pages
Description: Oral History, 1968
Subject:
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: JFK Presidential Library
Address: The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum Columbia Point Boston, MA 02125
Contact Name: Karen Adler Abramson
Contact Title: Chief Archivist
Contact Phone: 1.866.JFK.1960
Contact Email:
Dove region:

Submission Number: 108
Title: African-American Richmond: Educational Segregation and Desegregation
Creator: Virginia Commonwealth University
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1992 - 1992
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Richmond, VA
Size: 14 interviews
Description: This portion of the VBHA is comprised of fourteen oral history interviews conducted in 1992 by Virginia Commonwealth University students with African-Americans residing in the Richmond, Virginia metropolitan area. While the interviews focused on the educational experiences of these individuals, other subjects and issues affecting the lives of African-Americans were also discussed by the participants. The typed transcripts of the oral histories were scanned in 1994 to be included in the Virginia Black History Archives database and are accessible from this site.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Black History Archives Database
Name of repository: Virginia Commonwealth University Special Collections and Archives
Address: James Branch Cabell Library Special Collections and Archives 901 Park Avenue P.O. Box 842033 Richmond, Virginia 23284-2033
Contact Name: Ray Bonis
Contact Title: Archives Coordinator
Contact Phone: (804) 828-1108
Contact Email: libjbcsca@vcu.edu
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 109
Title: Carter-Mason, Vivian
Creator: Old Dominion University Archives
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 53
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/oralhistory/womenhistory/vcmason1.html
Date range: 1978 - 1978
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions: The collection is open to researchers with no restrictions. Information on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 1 interview
Description: Interviews of the founder and active member of the Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation. Includes audio cassettes and transcripts that document her family history, civil rights in Norfolk, establishment of the Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation, the desegregation crisis in Norfolk, and the experiences of Afro-Americans in Norfolk.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation; Carter-Mason, Vivian
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 110
Title: Forrest R. (Hap) White
Creator: White, Forrest R.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 96
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1975 - 1992
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 14 cassette tapes
Description: Former Budget Director for the Norfolk Public Schools. Fourteen untranscribed cassette tapes contain interviews White conducted with politicians, journalists, police and other city officials from 1975 - 1991 as background for his Old Dominion University doctoral dissertation, "School desegregation and urban renewal" and 1992 book, "Pride and Prejudice: School Desegregation and Urban Renewal in Norfolk, 1950-1959".
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: White, Forrest R.
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 111
Title: Norfolk Women's Oral history
Creator: ODU History 495/595 Students
Call Number/Manuscript Number: none
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/oralhistory/womenhistory/
Date range: 1982 - 1982
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: 8 interviews
Description: The 8 interviews included in this collection were conducted for the Old Dominion University History course 495/595: "Recapturing Women's History: Local and National," taught by Dr. Dorothy Johnson in the Fall of 1982. Each interview includes a brief biographical sketch of the person interviewed and a typed transcript. Related to women involved with religion (Mueller, Park ), medicine (Hill, Morris), education (James, White), and the Girl Scout Movement in Norfolk (Harris, Ogg). Some of these relate to Massive Resistance in Norfolk and the Norfolk School closings, these include Ruth James and Edith White.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Ruth Pendleton James; Edith R. White; Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 112
Title: Interviews with A. Rufus Tonelson and Mark Schweitzer
Creator: ODU Libraries
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Tapes: 66-67 (Tonelson) and 95 (Schweitzer)
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Oral History Collection
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/oral-history-collection.htm
Date range: 1975 - 1977
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: Two interviews
Description: Interviews with A. Rufus Tonelson, principal of Maury High School during the crisis, and Mark Schweitzer, the son of Paul Schweitzer, that describe the events of the school closings in 1958-1959. These interviews were conducted on December 9, 1975 (Tonelson) and November 16, 1977 (Schweitzer). Part of the Oral History Collection in that these interviews were compiled during research for the various university histories.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Maury High School (Norfolk, Va.); Tonelson, Rufus A.; Schweitzer, Mark
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 113
Title: The Oral History of the Principalship
Creator: Carlton, Patrick W.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 1989-040
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.library.unlv.edu/faculty/research/principalship/index.php
Date range: 1987 - 1995
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: primarily southeastern United States
Size: 8 cu. ft.
Description: The Oral History of the Public School Principalship is an ongoing project designed to interview retired elementary, middle, and high school principals for their views, reminiscences, and accumulated wisdom. Most of the interviewees are from the Southeast (mainly Virginia, North Carolina, Maryland, District of Columbia, and West Virginia). The Project Director is Dr. Patrick W. Carlton, formerly an associate professor at VPI&SU but currently at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. The UNLV website permits searching by race, state, gender, name, level, and retirement decade, and topic so may permit easier searching for issues surrounding desegregation in Virginia. The interviews are also accessible at http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/faculty_archives/principalship/interviews.html.
Subject: High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: African American school principals
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries, PO Box 24062-90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Tamara Kennelly
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 540 231-9214
Contact Email: tjk@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 114
Title: J. Almond
Creator: Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://millercenter.org/scripps/archive/oralhistories/detail/2239
Date range: 1969 - 1969
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 33 pages
Description: J. Lindsay Almond served as a state court judge in Virginia (1933-1945). He also served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1945-1948). Virginia Attorney General (1948-1957). As Virginia Governor (1958-1962), he opposed southern politicians such as Virginia Senator Harry F. Byrd and Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, terminating massive political resistance against the desegregation of schools. Delegate to the Democratic National Convention of 1960. Judge on the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals (1962-1982).
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Governors -- Virginia; United States. Congress. House; Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966; Faubus, Orval Eugene, 1910-1994; Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973
Name of repository: Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
Address:
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone:
Contact Email:
Dove region: (outside of Virginia

Submission Number: 115
Title: Emory and Henry Alumni Records
Creator: Alumni Office
Call Number/Manuscript Number: n/a
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: -
Types of records: Organizational Records
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Material in the possession of the Alumni Office. Contact Emory and Henry archivist for instructions regarding access.
Geographic/School district coverage: Emory, VA
Size: unknown
Description: Records were used by Scott David Arnold in the preparation of his Master's thesis (The Integration of Emory and Henry College) for the University of Richmond, 1996. Mr. Arnold was granted permission by the Alumni Office to review the records, and permission will be needed for any future access by researchers.
Subject: African American students; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Emory and Henry College Archives and Special Collections
Address: P.O. Box 948 Emory, VA 24327-0948
Contact Name: Robert J. Vejnar, II
Contact Title: Archivist
Contact Phone: 276 944-6668
Contact Email: rvejnar@ehc.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 116
Title: Portsmouth (Va.) Teachers' Registers
Creator: Portsmouth (Va.) Public Schools
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession 44316
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi04026.xml
Date range: 1882 - 1955
Types of records: Government papers
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Student information in these unprocessed materials may be RESTRICTED under the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. Please contact Archives Research Services prior to visiting the Library of Virginia.
Geographic/School district coverage: Portsmouth, VA
Size: 154 volumes
Description: Volumes from both black and white schools recording student names, attendance, and grades. Directions for completing the registers are listed in the front matter; teachers were required to write neatly; use "good black ink"; and record the names of their pupils alphabetically, "the boys first." School holidays were carefully noted, including the funeral of Jefferson Davis (1889) and Decoration Day. Descriptions of the school buildings and lists of the textbooks were also recorded. Occasionally the volumes include lists of classroom visitors, indigent pupils, or student prizes for attendance and deportment. School principal and teacher Willis A. Jenkins tucked a schedule of daily exercises in his 1886 register. The day began at 9:00 with roll call and included lessons in geography, grammar, calisthenics, physiology, arithmetic, history, and writing. Thirty minutes were allowed for lunch and recess combined. Organized by school district, then by white or colored school, then by school number.
Subject: African American students; Public schools; School children; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Public schools -- Virginia -- Portsmouth
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 117
Title: Virginia Teacher's Registers for African American schools in New Kent County
Creator: New Kent County (Va.) Schools. New Kent High School
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession 43459
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lva.virginia.gov/agencies/records/sched_local/GS-21.pdf
Date range: 1944 - 1961
Types of records: Annual reports; Government papers; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Student information in these unprocessed materials may be RESTRICTED under the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. Please contact Archives Research Services prior to visiting the Library of Virginia.
Geographic/School district coverage: New Kent County, VA
Size: 2 boxes
Description: The booklets were records of achievement and attendance, and listed names of students; sex, age, grade, names of parents or guardians, their address and occupation, along with student grades and the teacher's term report (listing days taught, enrollment, attendance, and other statistical information). Restricted, for 75 years, because of privacy concerns. For 1944-1945, New Kent Training School (5 vols.); for 1950-1951, Cooks Mills School (1 vol.), Cumberland School (1 vol.), Lanexa School (1 vol.), Plum Point School (1 vol.), George W. Watkins School (6 vols.), and 1 unmarked; for 1952-1953, Cumberland School (1 vol.) and George W. Watkins School (8 vols.); for 1953-1954, Cumberland School (1 vol.), Lanexa School (1 vol.), George W. Watkins School (6 vols.), and 1 unmarked; for 1954-1955, Cumberland School (1 vol.) and George W. Watkins School (5 vols.); for 1955-1956, Cumberland School (1 vol.) and George W. Watkins School (9 vols.); for 1956-1957, George W. Watkins School (8 vols.); for 1957-1958, Cumberland School (3 vols.), Mountcastle School (1 vol.), Tunstall School (1 vol.), and Quinton School (1 vol.) George W. Watkins School was involved in a landmark civil rights case, Green v. County School Board of New Kent County 391 U.S. 430 (1968).
Subject: African American students; Public schools; School integration; Segregation in education; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Public schools -- Virginia -- New Kent County
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 118
Title: Records of William James McKeefery, Vice President, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Creator: McKeefery, William James, 1918-
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 4/2
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/vt/viblbv00637.frame
Date range: 1969 - 1973
Types of records: Correspondence; Organizational Records
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 26 cu. ft.
Description: In 1968 the post of Executive Vice President was established. William James McKeefery was the second Executive Vice President, succeeding Warren Brandt. This collection contains the correspondence and other official files of McKeefery during his tenure as Executive Vice-President. The bulk of the collection relates to other university concerns but files related to desegregation include a 1972 report titled "A Study of the Black Student Enrollment at the University (box 20, folder 798); a 1970 list of affirmative action recommendations that the university should implement or consider (box 19, folder 787), and the university's response to an Office of Civil Rights compliance review in 1973 (box 23, folder 966).
Subject: African American students; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: University Libraries, PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 119
Title: Margaret White
Creator: White, Margaret E., 1908-
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 20
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/whitemargaret.htm
Date range: 1953 - 1976
Types of records: Annual reports; Broadcast-Television-News; Clippings; Correspondence; Documentary Films; Pamphlets; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: .5 cubic feet
Description: Taught in the Norfolk school system off and on since 1930. Involved in struggle to reopen the public schools during the integration crisis. CBS television documentary, "The Lost Class of '59" recorded her efforts. Correspondence and printed material, the bulk of which dates from 1959-1964, chiefly relates to the CBS documentary. Member of the Norfolk Committee for Public Schools.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Documentary television programs -- United States; CBS Television Network ; Murrow, Edward R.; Teachers -- Virginia -- Norfolk; Norfolk Committee for Public Schools; White, Margaret
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 120
Title: Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation (1945-
Creator: Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 54
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/wcic.htm
Date range: 1945 - 1960
Types of records: Annual reports; Clippings; Correspondence; Minutes; Organizational Records; Pamphlets; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Norfolk, VA
Size: One Hollinger Document Case
Description: Founded in 1945 as an interracial organization designed to address concerns with education, health, and housing among the Afro-American community in Norfolk. Predecessor to the Norfolk Human Relations Council. Includes correspondence, newspapers clippings, minutes, reports, pamphlets, and membership lists. Bulk of the organization's records are in the archives at Norfolk State University.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration--Massive resistance movement
Additional Keywords: Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 121
Title: William E. Lavery Records
Creator: Lavery, William Edward
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 4/3
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Office of the Executive Vice President
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://spec.lib.vt.edu/archives/guide/rg04.htm
Date range: 1973 - 1974
Types of records: Annual reports; Correspondence; Financial records; Minutes; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 17 cubic feet
Description: This collection contains correspondence and other official records of Lavery during his year as Executive Vice-President before becoming President of the University. Collection includes materials concerning budget matters, Board of Visitors, Computing Center, Computer Science, Community Colleges, each of the Colleges, Building Committee, Institutional Research, Task Force for Innovative Approaches to Instruction, University Council and Commissions, V.P.I. Industry Center, and Virginia Public Telecommunications Council. Box 3, folder 50 contains VPI's 1974 affirmative action plan.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University; Affirmative action programs -- Virginia -- Blacksburg; Lavery, William Edward
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron D. Purcell
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 122
Title: AFSC Work in the Prince Edward County Virginia School Closing Issue
Creator: American Friends Service Committee
Call Number/Manuscript Number: none
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://webarchive.afsc.org/archives/princeedward/princeed.htm
Date range: 1959 - 1965
Types of records: Annual reports; Correspondence; Minutes; Narrative; Organizational Records
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Researchers must apply for access
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: unknown
Description: The material provides details about the Emergency Student Placement Program as well as some locally organized activities in Farmville, Virginia. Many of the documents represent observations about events and conditions associated with the Prince Edward County school closing issue. These may be of particular interest to historians, journalists, documentary producers, educators, legal authorities, among others, especially as they bear on the origin and history of the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 school desegregation decision and subsequent civil rights developments.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African Americans--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Topeka (Kan.). Board of Education--Trials, litigation, etc.
Additional Keywords: American Friends Service Committee
Name of repository: American Friends Service Committee
Address: 1501 Cherry St., Philadelphia, PA 19102
Contact Name: American Friends Service Committee
Contact Title: American Friends Service Committee
Contact Phone: 215-241-7000
Contact Email: afscinfo@afsc.org
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 123
Title: Dean of Women, 1967-68
Creator: Office of the Vice President, Warren W. Brandt
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 3/4
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Office of the Vice President, Warren W. Brandt
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/vt/viblbv00744.xml.frame
Date range: 1964 - 1968
Types of records: Annual reports; Correspondence; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 1 document
Description: Letter form Martha Harder, Dean of Women at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute to T. Marshall Hahn, President of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute. Letter discusses the interracial relationships of two couples and the policies of the college regarding the situation. Letter describes a meeting that Dean Harder had with the two female students and the advice that she gave them.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: College students; Interracial relationships; Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24061
Contact Name: Aaron D. Purcell
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 124
Title: Virginia Pupil Placement Board
Creator: Commonwealth of Virginia
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Record Group 62 Accession 26517
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1958 - 1966
Types of records: Bills (Legislative records); Correspondence; Government papers; Legal documents; Minutes; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Restricted access: must have permission of the state archivist.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 276.8 cu feet
Description: The Pupil Placement Board was created by an act of the General Assembly passed on September 29, 1956 as part of a program of "massive resistance" to federally ordered school desegregation. The act that created the board divested local school boards and division superintendents of their authority to determine the school to which a child might be admitted and placed all power of enrollment or placement with the Pupil Placement Board. This body consisted of three residents of Virginia who were appointed by the governor to serve during his term in office. Among the factors that the board was to consider in assigning particular pupils to particular schools were the efficient operation of the schools and the safety and welfare of the pupils. From the beginning of the board's existence, its efforts to control pupil assignments were frustrated by decisions of the federal courts and by local school boards, which increasingly tended to ignore the board. On April 29, 1959 the General Assembly passed an act returning responsibility for school assignments to local authorities. Despite the loss of most of its power, the Pupil Placement Board continued to exist for seven more years until it was abolished by an act passed by the General Assembly in 1966. Collections consists of the following series: Routine applications, 1961-1966. Special applications relevant to inactive files, 1959-1966. Special applications, 1959-1966, 1964-1966 (bulk). Correspondence and subject files, 1958-1966. Minutes, 1958-1966. Legal files, 1958-1964.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; Public schools; School children; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: Virginia. General Assembly; Pupil Placement Board
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 125
Title: Breeden, Edward L. (1905-)
Creator: Breeden, Edward L. (1905-)
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MS 81-339
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1932 - 1972
Types of records: Bills (Legislative records); Correspondence; Government papers; Organizational Records; Reports
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 32 ft. (ca. 28,000 items)
Description: State legislator, of Virginia. Correspondence, committee papers, study commission reports, bills and resolutions, and other papers, from regular and special sessions of the Virginia House of Delegates and State Senate; together with election campaign papers, including Breeden's bid for Lt. Governor in 1971 and Presidential elections of 1956 and 1964. Includes material on public education in Virginia, particularly desegregation and interposition, and on commissions and committees on which Breeden served, namely Jamestown Festival Commission (1955-59), Democratic National Committee, Virginia Governor's Commission on Education (1959), Virginia Ports Study Commission (1959), Virginia Democratic State Central Committee, Virginia Advisory Legislative Council, and Virginia Court System Study Commission (1965-71). Correspondents include John S. Battle, Harry F. Byrd, Mills Godwin, Porter Hardy, Estes Kefauver, A. Willis Robertson, and George F. Switzer.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Battle, John Stewart, 1890-1972; Godwin, Mills E. (Mills Edwin), 1914-1999; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: Virginia. General Assembly; Hardy, Porter; Robertson, A. Willis; Kefauver, Estes, 1903-1963; Switzer, George F. ; Breeden, Edward L. (1905-)
Name of repository: University of Virginia Library, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, Charlottesville VA
Address: 170 McCormick Rd. Charlottesville, VA 22903
Contact Name: Nicole Bouch
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: (434) 243-1776
Contact Email: nlb3d@virginia.edu
Dove region: region7

Submission Number: 126
Title: Howell, Henry E. Jr.
Creator: Howell, Henry E. Jr.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: MG 1
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.lib.odu.edu/specialcollections/manuscripts/howell_index.htm
Date range: 1920 - 1997
Types of records: Broadcast-radio; Broadcast-Television-News; Clippings; Correspondence; Financial records; Legal documents; Memorabilia; Pamphlets; Photographs; Press releases; Reports; Speeches
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions: The collection is open to researchers with no restrictions. Information on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 199 Hollinger Document Cases; 1 Hollinger Drop-front Print Box; total of 135.25 linear feet
Description: Served in the General Assembly and as Lieutenant Governor (1971-1973). Unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Virginia three times (1969, 1973,1977). Bulk of the collection deals with his career in politics, first in Norfolk and, after 1968, on the statewide level. Documents Democratic Party affairs from 1948 through 1977. Also includes promotional audio and video clips created as part of Howell's campaigns for the Virginia governorship in 1969, 1973 and 1977. Included are radio and television advertisements, speeches and scripted television broadcasts.
Subject: Almond, J. Lindsay (James Lindsay), 1898-1986; School integration--Massive resistance movement
Additional Keywords: Howell, Henry E. (Henry Evans), 1920- ; Virginia--Politics and government; Duckworth, William F.; Virginia. General Assembly; Legislators -- Virginia
Name of repository: Old Dominion University Special Collections and University Archives
Address: Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
Contact Name: Sonia Yaco
Contact Title: Special Collections Librarian and University Archivist
Contact Phone: (757) 683-4483
Contact Email: libspecialcollections@odu.edu
Dove region: region3

Submission Number: 153
Title: School photographs of African American school buildings, schoolteachers, administrators, and students.
Creator: Unknown
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: African American Community Photographs Collection, ca. 1861-1990s
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/apl/vaallhs00010.frame
Date range: 1920 - 1990
Types of records: Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Alexandria, VA
Size: 34 photographs
Description: Schools photographs of African American school buildings, schoolteachers, administrators, and students. Also includes some sports teams. Includes the following schools: John Adams; Charles Houston; Cora Kelly; Hallowell; Jefferson-Houston Elementary; Mount Vernon Elementary; Mount Vernon High; Parker-Gray Middle; Parker-Gray High; Snowden; T.C. Williams High. These photos may contain photos of school life before desegregation.
Subject: African American students; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Alexandria Library, Special Collections
Address: 717 Queen Street, Alexandria, VA 22314-2420
Contact Name: George Combs
Contact Title: Local History/Special Collections-Branch Manager
Contact Phone: 703-746-1706
Contact Email: lhsc@alexandria.lib.va.us
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 154
Title: Edwin B. Henderson
Creator: Northern Virginia Oral History Project
Call Number/Manuscript Number: C0030
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Northern Virginia Oral History Project
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://sca.gmu.edu/finding_aids/novaoralhist.html
Date range: 1962 - 1962
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Falls Church, VA; Tysons Corner, VA
Size: 2 sound cassette (120 min) mono.; 48 page transcript
Description: Henderson describes, community life in the Falls Church and Tysons areas of Northern Virginia (ca. 1910-1960) with particular focus on black churches, schools, and organizations.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: George Mason University Libraries, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collections & Archives, Fenwick Library MS 2FL, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030
Contact Name: Yvonne Carignan
Contact Title: Head, Special Collections & Archives
Contact Phone: 703-993-2221
Contact Email: ycarigna@gmu.edu
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 155
Title: Edwin B. Henderson
Creator: Northern Virginia Oral History Project
Call Number/Manuscript Number: C0030
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Northern Virginia Oral History Project collection
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://sca.gmu.edu/finding_aids/novaoralhist.html
Date range: 1965 - 1965
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Northern Virginia, Washington D.C.
Size: 1 sound cassette (60 min) mono.; 21 page transcript.
Description: Henderson discusses race relations, education, and social life in Northern Virginia and Washington, D.C.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Public schools, Northern Virginia; Public Schools, Washington D.C.
Name of repository: George Mason University Libraries, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collections & Archives, Fenwick Library MS 2FL, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030
Contact Name: Yvonne Carignan
Contact Title: Head Special Collections & Archives
Contact Phone: 703-993-2221
Contact Email: ycarigna@gmu.edu
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 156
Title: Caroline Sherman
Creator: Northern Virginia Oral History Project
Call Number/Manuscript Number: C0030
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Northern Virginia Oral History Project collection
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://sca.gmu.edu/finding_aids/novaoralhist.html
Date range: 1970 - 1970
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Great Falls, VA
Size: 1 sound cassette (30 min) mono.; 1 sound tape reel (master).; 1 abstract (2p.).
Description: Ms. Sherman reminiscences about her life as a student at the Freedom Hill School, Great Falls, VA. (ca. 1925-1940) with emphasis on one room schools, transportation, and school board membership.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: George Mason University Libraries, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collections & Archives, Fenwick Library MS 2FL, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030
Contact Name: Yvonne Carignan
Contact Title: Head, Special Collections & Archives
Contact Phone: 703-993-2221
Contact Email: ycarigna@gmu.edu
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 157
Title: William West
Creator: Northern Virginia Oral History Project
Call Number/Manuscript Number: C0030
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Northern Virginia Oral History Project collection
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://sca.gmu.edu/finding_aids/novaoralhist.html
Date range: 1970 - 1970
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Fairfax County, VA
Size: 2 sound cassette (90 min.) mono.; 2 sound tape reel (master); 14 page transcript.
Description: West discusses both a student's and teacher's reminiscences of the black school of Fairfax County, VA (ca. 1875-1955) January 22,1970
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: George Mason University Libraries, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collections & Archives, Fenwick Library MS 2FL, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030
Contact Name: Yvonne Carignan
Contact Title: Head, Special Collections & Archives
Contact Phone: 703-993-2221
Contact Email: speccoll@gmu.edu
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 158
Title: GMU Public Relations Press Releases
Creator: George Mason University Office of University Relations
Call Number/Manuscript Number: R0004
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://sca.gmu.edu/finding_aids/gmuunivrelationspr.html
Date range: 1966 - 1989
Types of records: Memorabilia
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Fairfax, VA
Size: Unknown
Description: Contains information and recruitment on African-American students at George Mason University. Includes: Recruitment of black students to George Mason University By Andrew Evans(Box 4, Folder 55); George Mason University elects first black woman as S.G. President (Box 5, Folder 53); Information seminar, graduate program for blacks (Box 23, Folder 113).
Subject: African American students; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Universities and colleges--Public relations; George Mason University
Name of repository: George Mason University Libraries, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collections & Archives, Fenwick Library MS 2FL, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030
Contact Name: Yvonne Carignan
Contact Title: Head, Special Collections & Archives
Contact Phone: 703-993-2221
Contact Email: ycarigna@gmu.edu
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 159
Title: Meetings, Re: Black recruitment
Creator: George Mason University Office of the President
Call Number/Manuscript Number: R0019
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: George Mason University Office of the President records: Lorin A. Thompson, 1964-1975
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://sca.gmu.edu/finding_aids/gmupresident.html#series3
Date range: 1971 - 1971
Types of records: Minutes; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Fairfax, VA
Size: Unknown
Description: Contains information on meetings regarding black student recruitment at George Mason University(located in box 14, folder 13).
Subject: African American students; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: George Mason University; Universities and colleges--Administration; Universities and colleges--Public relations
Name of repository: George Mason University Libraries, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collections & Archives, Fenwick Library MS 2FL, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia 22030
Contact Name: Yvonne Carignan
Contact Title: Head, Special Collections & Archives
Contact Phone: 703-993-2221
Contact Email: ycarigna@gmu.edu
Dove region: region6

Submission Number: 160
Title: Virginia Education Association histories of various school systems in the commonwealth, 1963
Creator: Virginia Education Association
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession Number 29975
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/lva/vi04227.html
Date range: 1963 - 1963
Types of records: Correspondence; Memorabilia; Narrative; Organizational Records; Photographs; Press releases; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia (statewide)
Size: 3 boxes
Description: Histories, 1963, of various school systems in Virginia compiled for the commemoration of the centennial celebration of the Virginia Education Association. Histories include discussion of both public and private education, photographs, reminiscences, statistics, correspondence, and other materials chronicling education. Papers include histories of some of the local education associations and general histories of Bedford and Frederick Counties and Hampton. Collection also includes the centennial issue of the Virginia Journal of Education (June 1963).
Subject: African American students; High school students; Middle school students; Private schools; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: Public schools--Virginia; Private schools--Virginia
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 161
Title: Inventory of the Ted Dalton Papers
Creator: Dalton, Theodore Roosevelt, 1901-1989
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Mss. 81 D17
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaead/published/wm/viw00037.frame
Date range: 1933 - 1978
Types of records: Broadcast-radio; Broadcast-Television-News; Clippings; Correspondence; Legal documents; Memorabilia; Narrative; Oral History; Photographs; Speeches
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia (statewide)
Size: 16 boxes
Description: Papers, 1933-1978, of Ted Dalton, Virginia state senator, 1944-1959; Republican candidate for governor of Virginia in 1953 and 1957; and U.S. District judge for the Western district of Virginia. Includes correspondence, speeches, news clippings, photographs, recordings, reels of film and legal opinions. Subjects covered include Republican Party politics, the Virginia General Assembly, highways, compulsory automobile insurance, segregation, the Gray Commission Report (Commission on Public Education), the College of William and Mary, and Dalton's appointment as federal judge. Prominent correspondents include J. Lindsay Almond, Howard Baker, Ezra T. Benson, Harry F. Byrd, Sr., Harry F. Byrd, Jr., John N. Dalton, Colgate W. Darden, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Gerald R. Ford, Mills E. Godwin, Albertis S. Harrison, A. Linwood Holton, J. Edgar Hoover, A. E. Dick Howard, Richard Nixon, Davis Y. Paschall, Richard H. Poff, Lewis F. Powell, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Thomas B. Stanley, A. E. S. Stephens, William M. Tuck, and Edward E. Willey.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education; Segregation in higher education; United States. Supreme Court; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords: District courts -- Virginia; Holton, A. Linwood (Abner Linwood), 1923-
Name of repository: College of William and Mary, Special Collections Research Center: Earl Gregg Swem Library
Address: Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William & Mary, PO Box 8794, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8794
Contact Name: Beatriz Hardy
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 757-221-3054
Contact Email: bbhard@wm.edu
Dove region: region4

Submission Number: 162
Title: George R. Talcott Papers
Creator: Talcott, George R.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: M 241
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=vcu-cab/vircu00004.xml
Date range: 1948 - 1981
Types of records: Annual reports; Government papers; Legal documents; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Richmond, VA; Chesterfield County, VA
Size: 6 linear feet
Description: This collection consists of reports, studies and other government documents relating to Richmond, Virginia. Topics include public utilities, schools and integration, urbanization, and the Richmond annexation of Chesterfield and ensuing lawsuits. The bulk of the material covers the 1970s.
Subject: African American students; Busing for school integration; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Public schools--Virginia--Richmond; Public schools--Virginia--Chesterfield County
Name of repository: James Branch Cabell Library
Address: James Branch Cabell Library, Special Collections and Archives, 901 Park Avenue, P.O. Box 842033, Richmond, Virginia 23284-2033
Contact Name: Wesley Chenault
Contact Title: Head, Special Collections and Archives
Contact Phone: 804-828-1108
Contact Email: wjchenault@vcu.edu
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 163
Title: Black Women at Virginia Tech Oral History Project
Creator: Carter, Elaine D.; Tamara Kennelly
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Ms95-026
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://spec.lib.vt.edu/archives/blackwomen/
Date range: 1995 - 2001
Types of records: Oral History
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: Unknown
Description: These interviews focus on the entry experience of the individual into the Virginia Tech community and the interviewees' perceptions of the climate and attitudes within the university community, particularly as pertains to race and gender. The materials in this collection includes cassette tapes, DAT tapes, and transcripts of interviews with some of the first black women students at Virginia Tech (Jacquelyn Butler Blackwell, Marguerite Harper Scott, and Linda Edmunds Turner); Marva Felder Davis, first black homecoming queen; Cheryl Butler McDonald, first black woman in the Corps of Cadets; and Elaine Carter, catalyst of the project and doctoral candidate at Virginia Tech. Interviews were conducted by Elaine Dowe Carter and University Archivist Tamara Kennelly.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University -- Students.
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections, University Archives
Address: Special Collections, University Libraries, P.O. Box 90001, Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director, Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540-231-6308
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 164
Title: Papers of John M. Gandy
Creator: Gandy, John Manuel
Call Number/Manuscript Number: 1947-2
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=vsu/vipets00002.xml
Date range: 1914 - 1917
Types of records: Annual reports; Clippings; Correspondence; Memorabilia; Narrative; Obituaries; Organizational Records; Photographs; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Petersburg, VA
Size: Unknown
Description: In 1914 John Gandy became the third president of what is now Virginia State University. As president he oversaw the schools development which included becoming the "Land Grant College" for blacks in Virginia in 1920, the return of the college department in 1923 and the name changed from V. N. & I. I. to Virginia State college for Negroes in 1930 and the establishment of the graduate school in 1937. While president of the University, he also served as : President of the Association of Negro Land Grant College, President of the Virginia State Teachers Association, and President of the National Association of Teachers in Colored Schools. He was also a member of several boards and a member of the Board of Trustees of Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia. He served as President of Virginia State University until he retired in 1943 and as President Emeritus until his death in 1947.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia State University
Name of repository: Virginia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collection & University Archives, Lindsay-Montague Hall, Virginia State University, Petersburg,VA 23806
Contact Name: Lucious Edwards
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 804-524-5749
Contact Email: ledwards@vsu.edu
Dove region: region2

Submission Number: 165
Title: Luther Porter Jackson Family Papers
Creator: Luther Porter Jackson Family
Call Number/Manuscript Number: 1952-l
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=vsu/vipets00009.xml
Date range: 1772 - 1960
Types of records: Annual reports; Correspondence; Diaries; Financial records; Memorabilia; Minutes; Organizational Records; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Petersburg, VA, Virginia, statewide
Size: Unknown
Description: The Luther Porter Jackson is one of the most valuable manuscript groups from a historical point of view in the nation, for this former professor of history at Virginia State University lived and worked during an era when the concept of black inferiority was the accepted rule. In addition, this was the time of "Jim Crowism." Segregation was not "de facto," it was legal and challenged by few people, black and white. During the major time span of these papers, 1920-1950, a number of political and civil rights organizations developed into potent forces and others were born: the NAACP, the Negro Organizational Society, the Southern Regional Council, and the Southern School for Workers. This manuscript group is rich in correspondence with most of the leaders of these movements. Some of the correspondence includes Walter White, Lorenzo C. White, P. Bernard Young, Gordon Hancock and others. Correspondence with Virginia based political and civil rights groups is strong and gives a good picture of the tempo of the era in the State: the Virginia Voters League, the Committee for Virginia, the Petersburg Negro Business League. In addition to correspondence with major political and civil rights organizations, Jackson maintained as interesting relationship with others across the U.S. The business or office correspondence of Luther P. Jackson from 1920-1950 include correspondence with John Hope Franklin, W.E.B. DuBois, Hugh Smythe, Helen Edmonds, P. Bernard Young, E. Franklin Frazier, Charles S. Johnson, Rayford Logan, Alrutheus Ambush Taylor, Lorenzo J. Green and others. The collection also consists of ledgers, pamphlets, financial and legal documents, photographs, speeches, newspaper articles, cards, telegrams, notebooks, artifacts and Jackson's research materials, as well as correspondence and records in regard to the Virginia Teachers Association and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Virginia State University; Virginia Teachers Association; Study of Negro Life and History; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Virginia Voters League
Name of repository: Virginia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collection & University Archives, Lindsay-Montague Hall, Virginia State University, Petersburg,VA 23806
Contact Name: Lucious Edwards
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 804-524-5749
Contact Email: ledwards@vsu.edu
Dove region: region2

Submission Number: 166
Title: Papers of Amanda E. DeHart
Creator: DeHart, Amanda E.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: 1988-61
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=vsu/vipets00025.xml
Date range: 1920 - 1989
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Memorabilia; Photographs
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Christiansburg, VA
Size: Unknown
Description: Amanda DeHart, a graduate of St. Paul's College in Lawrenceville, taught cosmetology at Christiansburg Institute from 1952 until 1966. In 1976, Mrs. DeHart and a number of other individuals formed the Christiansburg Institute Alumni Association. Mrs. DeHart was a native of Pulaski County, attended both the Calfee Industrial School and Christiansburg. In 1988, Mrs. DeHart gave to Virginia State University her papers, many of which document the History of African American Education in Southwest Virginia. Mrs. DeHart and James W. Smith, professor of History at Virginia State University co-authored The Christiansburg Institute: A Proud Heritage in 1991.
Subject: African American students; African American--Segregation; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Christiansburg Institute
Name of repository: Virginia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collection & University Archives, Lindsay-Montague Hall, Virginia State University, Petersburg,VA 23806
Contact Name: Lucious Edwards
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 804-524-5749
Contact Email: ledwards@vsu.edu
Dove region: region2

Submission Number: 167
Title: School of Education/Record Group 1927-1961
Creator: School of Education, Virginia State University
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=vsu/vipets00055.xml;query=;brand=default
Date range: 1927 - 1965
Types of records: Annual reports; Correspondence; Minutes; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Petersburg, VA
Size: Unknown
Description: The Virginia Normal and Collegiate was charted on March 6, 1882. With the following mandate to provide equality for the higher education of the colored youth and to furnish competent teachers for the colored schools of the state. with this charter the first state supported school in Virginia for teachers was established. During the first twenty-three years, 1883-1906, the Normal Department offered a single three-year curriculum consisting partly of elementary and high school subjects including music,drawing,sewing, cooking, physical "culture" and partly of education courses: the science and art of teaching, moral philosophy, psychology and "general reviews". The movement toward specialization began in 1909, when students were permitted to select teaching, domestic science or art, agriculture, mechanical drawing, or business. Graduation from high school was first required for entrance to teacher-training courses in 1915. When the four-year college curriculum was reinstated by the state in 1923, the Bachelor of Science degree in education was the first to be accredited as a "Class a teachers college. In 1925, the college was offered its first differentiated curricula for the separate training of high school and supervisors, and teachers of public school music. A major in physical education followed in 1926; the department of secondary education emerged in 1930 offering a curriculum for secondary school principals and teachers; and the department of art was offered in 1933. With the introduction of liberal arts in 1930, the department of education became the Division of Education, a separate administrative unit of the College offering the four curricula organized by the departments of elementary education, secondary education,music and physical education. With the introduction of liberal arts in 1930, the department of education became the Division of Education, a separate administrative unit of the College. The division of education became The School of Education in the 1960's. In 1995 The School of Education was emerged with The School of Humanities and Social Science therefore becoming the School of Liberal Arts and Education.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; School children; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Virginia State University
Name of repository: Virginia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives
Address: Special Collection & University Archives, Lindsay-Montague Hall, Virginia State University, Petersburg,VA 23806
Contact Name: Lucious Edwards
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 804-524-5749
Contact Email: ledwards@vsu.edu
Dove region: region2

Submission Number: 168
Title: 1963 Danville (Va.) Civil Rights Case Files
Creator: Danville (Va.) Circuit Court.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession 38099
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi00037.xml
Date range: 1963 - 1973
Types of records: Government papers; Legal documents; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Reproduction prohibited without the authorization of The Library of Virginia. Service copy compact discs are located at barcode 1154881. Barcodes 1161798-1164499 are not for public use, but are reserved for photoduplication requests.
Geographic/School district coverage: Danville, VA
Size: 5 reels; Dictabelt records; 40 compact discs
Description: The collection spans the years 1963-1973 and consists of court papers and legal files relating to the 1963 civil rights demonstrations in Danville. These files include bills of particulars, bond records, correspondence, court dockets, court orders, dicta-belts, evidence, judgments, petitions, photographs, receipts, subpoenas, and transcripts of testimony that document the legal aspects of the demonstrations from the Danville Corporation Court to the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals. The summer of 1963 witnessed a wave of civil rights demonstrations throughout the nation. In Danville, Virginia, the leaders of the Danville Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), inspired by events in Birmingham, Alabama, organized a series of protests of their own. Rev. Lawrence G. Campbell, Rev. Alexander I. Dunlap, Julius E. Adams, and Arthur Pinchback, believing that the Danville NAACP under the leadership of Doyle Thomas was too conservative, had founded the Danville SCLC in 1960. These men, along with Rev. Lendall W. Chase, president of the Danville SCLC, took the lead in promoting civil rights in Danville, a city deep in Virginia's black belt and strong in segregationist sentiment. Throughout 1962, they repeatedly appeared before the Danville City Council to demand black representation on the boards of city agencies and the end of segregation. In August 1962, Campbell, Dunlap, Adams, and Chase signed the Danville Omnibus Integration Suit, filed in federal court that called for the integration of Danville's hospitals, schools, cemeteries, public buildings, public housing projects, teaching assignments, and city employment opportunities.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords: Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); National Association for the Advancement of Colored People; Danville Omnibus Integration Suit; Circuit Courts-Virginia-Danville
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 169
Title: Prince Edward Schools Experiment in Education
Creator: Jet Magazine
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.worldcat.org/title/jet/oclc/34163826&referer=brief_results
Date range: 1963 - 1963
Types of records: Press releases; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Prince Edward County, VA
Size: 1 article
Description: This brief article from the October 3, 1963 issue of Jet Magazine, explains about the newly reopened Prince Edward County's free public schools "experiment in education." The article states that: The school system will have an estimated 1,700 negro pupils and four whites, will have two elementary schools, an intermediate and a high school, but no grades. 'Children will be grouped according to age, size, and mental ability'...'and will be given the opportunity to progress at their own speed.'
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School closings; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords: Public school -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County; African Americans -- Education -- Virginia -- Prince Edward County -- History
Name of repository: OCLC World Cat
Address: http://www.worldcat.org/
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone:
Contact Email:
Dove region: other

Submission Number: 171
Title: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Staunton and Augusta County
Creator: Dull, Josie; Augusta Historical Bulletin
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.worldcat.org/title/augusta-historical-bulletin/oclc/7992273&referer=brief_results
Date range: 2002 - 2002
Types of records: Narrative
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Staunton, VA; Augusta County, VA
Size: 22 pages
Description: This article from Augusta Historical Bulletin, which was submitted as senior thesis for the Adult Degree Program at Mary Baldwin College by Josie Dull explains how desegregation in Staunton, Virginia went more smoothly than other areas of the state and country, in that the black and white citizens of Staunton accepted the "inevitability of integration." The main reason for the smooth transition, was the constant persistence of town citizens (both black and white),community leaders, church leaders and the Staunton branch NAACP of pointing out inequalities of the black and white schools to the Staunton School Board, as well as the pressure to appoint an African-American member to the school board.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; High school students; Middle school students; Public schools; Race relations; School children; School integration; Segregation in education; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords: Public schools -- Virginia -- Augusta County; Public schools -- Virginia --Staunton
Name of repository: OCLC World Cat
Address: http://www.worldcat.org/
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone:
Contact Email:
Dove region:

Submission Number: 174
Title: Warren County (Va.) Board of Supervisors Petitions and Letters For and Against Public School Integration
Creator: Warren County (Va.). Board of Supervisors
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession 39750
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi00169.xml
Date range: 1959 - 1959
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Government papers; Organizational Records; Petitions
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Do not serve original newspaper clippings.
Geographic/School district coverage: Warren County, VA
Size: 1 box
Description: This collection consists of letters and petitions received by the Warren County Board of Supervisors from residents for and against public school integration. The letters, 24-27 February and March 1959, primarily request the Board of Supervisors to adopt a normal school budget for the 1959-60 school year and not close the public schools. A letter from J. R. Orgain, Jr., however, asks the Board of Supervisors to cut off funds for integrated schools. The petitions are signed by residents who want to maintain segregated schools and do not want any money appropriated to operate integrated schools. These petitions are either printed forms or cut out from the newspaper in which they appeared as paid advertisements. Also includes a newsletter, 24 February 1959, of the Warren County Committee for Public Schools clarifying why white students did not return to Warren County High School when the federal courts ordered the school re-opened and explaining that the remainder of the term would be substandard; and news clippings from the Warren Sentinel, 5 and 12 March 1959, regarding the petitions and an appeal from local clergy to keep the public schools open.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; High school students; Private schools; Public schools; School children; School closings; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 175
Title: Elizabeth City County (Va.) Schools Correspondence
Creator: Elizabeth City County (Va.) Public Schools
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Barcode numbers 1048911-1048913, 1048915-1048916
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi04308.xml
Date range: 1918 - 1952
Types of records: Annual reports; Correspondence; Financial records; Government papers; Minutes; Organizational Records; Petitions; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Elizabeth City County, VA; Hampton, VA; Phoebus, VA; Newport News, VA
Size: 5 boxes
Description: Elizabeth City County (Va.) Schools Correspondence, 1918-1952, contains the general correspondence of Division Superintendents Robert M. Newton, Herbert M. Spain, and C. Aton Lindsay. It documents the administration of the Elizabeth City County, Hampton (City), and Phoebus (Town) school systems. The records also contain minutes of the Elizabeth City County Board of School Trustees, 1918-1921. The correspondence files include a petition from the Elizabeth City County Teachers??.?. Association for equalization of teacher pay, 1940 Dec. 6; a letter, 1941 May 14, from attorney Oliver Hill regarding the petition, and a copy, with a few notes, of the decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals (4th Circuit), banning discriminatory pay scales for teachers. Elizabeth City County (Va.) Schools Division Superintendent Correspondence, 1924-1952, contains general correspondence with teachers, principals, parents, students, teacher organizations, parent-teacher organizations, school board members, state education officials, attorneys, and vendors. The letters pertain to renovation and construction of schools and strategies for increasing taxes to pay for school construction; recruitment of teachers and student-teachers, parents and teachers lobbying to increase pay for teachers and coaches, inquiries about charging tuition for the children of military personnel at Fort Eustis and Fort Langley, and legal requirements for educating the children of immigrants. The correspondence files also contain annual reports, budgets, teacher contracts, lists of teachers and their salaries, and scattered ephemera, such as programs from high school commencements, plays, and concerts. Elizabeth City County (Va.) Board of School Trustees minutes, 1918-1921, document efforts to expand school construction in the district to accommodate a rapidly growing population. The minutes include correspondence with architects, proposed budgets, annual reports, memos and reports on the estimated costs of construction of four new schools, and information on teacher salaries in Newport News and Elizabeth City County.
Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Public schools
Additional Keywords: Hill, Oliver W., 1907-2007
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 176
Title: Warren County (Va.) Public School Records
Creator: Warren County (Va.) Public Schools
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Accession 44579 and 44610
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1915 - 1976
Types of records: Annual reports; Correspondence; Government papers; Legal documents; Minutes; Proceedings; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Student information in these unprocessed materials may be RESTRICTED under the federal Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. Please contact Archives Research Services prior to visiting the Library of Virginia.
Geographic/School district coverage: Warren County, VA
Size: 4.5 cu. ft. (10 boxes and 5 vol.)
Description: Includes school records and case histories for high school student plaintiffs, including the 1958 suit of Kilby v. Warren County School Board; School board minutes, 1946-1977; teacher term reports, 1924-1976; payrolls for teachers and pupil transportation, 1931-1943; files related to World War II Production Training and National Defense Training Program; school census, 1920, 1925; Superintendent's record of teacher certificates, 1915-1941; files concerning applicants for admission to Front Royal High School by African American students; applicants for change in school assignment and test results, 1958-1961; school board correspondence and files; teacher reports (grades and attendance), 1946-1967; choice of school forms and applications for scholarships; and Pupil Placement Board material.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; High school students; Public schools; School integration; School integration--Massive resistance movement
Additional Keywords: Kilby, James Wilson, 1917-2003
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 177
Title: Newport News (Va.) School Board Records
Creator: Newport News (Va.) School Board
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Barcode numbers 1017409, 1017410, 1017412
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://ead.lib.virginia.edu/vivaxtf/view?docId=lva/vi04313.xml
Date range: 1896 - 1973 (bulk 1950-1970)
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Financial records; Government papers; Organizational Records; Pamphlets; Reports
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Newport News, VA
Size: 3 boxes
Description: Newport News (Va.) School Board Records, 1896-1973 (bulk 1950-1970), document management and expansion of school buildings and grounds, 1935-1973; administration of the Nursery School Project, a federally subsidized daycare program, 1943-1951; school integration, 1958-1968; the development of a kindergarten program, 1963-1973; financial audits, 1959-1971, and appointments to and resignations from the Board of School Trustees, 1896-1921, and the School Board, 1921-1958. Schools, buildings, and grounds records, 1935-1973, contain correspondence, memoranda, deeds, plats, building plans, excerpts of city council minutes pertaining to school buildings and grounds issues, and financial records. The records include three general files and individual files on 37 elementary schools and high schools and a technical college. Correspondence includes letters between the Superintendent of Schools and the City Manager. Nursery School Project records, 1943-1951, document administration of a federally funded daycare program. Records include memos and correspondence with the Federal Works Agency pertaining to the grant application and the rationale for the program, the hiring of staff and rental of property and purchase of supplies; correspondence with the City Manager pertaining to the city appropriation for the program; a letter of support for the program from the War Department, Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation, and reports on the number of mothers with children in various civil defense zones who were working and needed childcare or who had children and wanted to work and needed childcare. The records also document discussion of efforts to continue the program after federal funds were withdrawn in 1946. Integration records, 1958-1968, contain correspondence, memoranda, excerpts from city council minutes, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, and broadsides pertaining to school desegregation. They include memos about public safety and police presence, policies for the assignment and transfer of students, copies of legislation and court opinions, and correspondence and memos pertaining to implementation of a pupil placement plan approved by the Federal district court in 1960. Also included are memos about a lawsuit challenging the plan, dismissed in 1962; and a letter, 1968, from the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office for Civil Rights about threatened enforcement procedures. These files also contain letters from the Executive Board of the Newport News chapter of the N.A.A.C.P. about inequities in the schools, a letter from the Peninsula Christian Ministers Association celebrating the peaceful transition to integrated schools, newspaper clippings of editorials about integration, Southern Regional Council literature, and examples of racist propaganda from the period. Kindergarten Program records, 1963-1973, document development of a kindergarten program that was implemented in the fall of 1972. They contain correspondence, including letters from citizens advocating for a kindergarten, newspaper clippings, excerpts of city council minutes, and directories of nursery schools and kindergartens in Newport News. Audits, 1959-1971, contain financial audit reports of the School Board and related correspondence. School Board appointments and resignations, 1896-1959, contain correspondence and city council minutes pertaining to appointments, resignations, recognition, and dismissal of appointees to the Board of School Trustees and the School Board.
Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; School integration; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Library of Virginia
Address: 800 East Broad Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219-8000
Contact Name: Archives Reference Services
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (804) 692-3888
Contact Email: archdesk@lva.virginia.gov
Dove region: region5

Submission Number: 178
Title: James C. Davis papers, 1919-1966
Creator: Davis, James C. (James Curran), 1895-1981.
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Manuscript Collection No. 507
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/8z6cb
Date range: 1937 - 1966
Types of records: Clippings
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Collection stored off-site. Researchers must contact MARBL in advance to access this collection. All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 5 folders
Description: James Curran Erskine Davis, attorney, judge, and legislator, was born 17 May 1895, in Franklin, Georgia, and died 28 December 1981, in Atlanta, Georgia. He was a state legislator from DeKalb County, Georgia (1924-1928), an attorney for the Georgia Department of Industrial Relations (1928-1831) and for DeKalb County (1931-1934), a Georgia Superior Court judge (1934-1946), and a Georgia representative to the United States Congress (1947-1963). Davis married Mary Lou Martin (1905-1969) in 1932, and was publisher (1964-1965) of the Atlanta Times, a conservative newspaper. The collection consists of correspondence, audio-visual materials, and speeches. Additionally, Series 7: Fact Files, 1937-1966, contains material related to school desegregation, including: Box Folder Content 149 39 Virginia Legislature (Gray Column) 149 40 Virginia Plan (Gray Report) 152 18 Virginia Race Inquiry 156 21 Negro Transfer - Schools (Virginia) 157 16 Virginia - Schools
Subject: African American students; Race relations; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Robert W. Woodruff Library, Emory University
Address: Manuscript, Archives, & Rare Book Library (MARBL) 540 Asbury Circle, Atlanta, GA 30322-2870
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone: (404)727-6887
Contact Email: marbl@emory.edu
Dove region:

Submission Number: 179
Title:
Creator:
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1858 - current
Types of records: Diaries; Financial records; Oral History; Organizational Records; Photographs; Speeches
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Powatan
Size:
Description: Missions and missionary work of Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament Papers of the Francis A. Drexel Family 1858-1945 Writings of Sr. Katherine Glass lantern slides of St. Emmas and St. Katherine Sr. Mo Xavier University of Louisiana founded by Sr. Katherine Drexel.
Subject:
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament
Address:
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone:
Contact Email:
Dove region:

Submission Number: 180
Title: Virginia facing reality The 1959 Perrow Commission
Creator: George M. Cochran, Augusta Historical Bulletin
Call Number/Manuscript Number: VOLUME 42 2006
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.newsleader.com/assets/pdf/AA169360123.PDF
Date range: 2006 - 2006
Types of records:
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size:
Description:
Subject:
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: OCLC World Cat
Address: http://www.worldcat.org/
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone:
Contact Email:
Dove region:

Submission Number: 181
Title: Virginia facing reality The 1959 Perrow Commission
Creator: Cochran, George M.; Augusta Historical Bulletin
Call Number/Manuscript Number: VOLUME 42 2006
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory: http://www.newsleader.com/assets/pdf/AA169360123.PDF
Date range: 2006 - 2006
Types of records: Narrative
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia
Size: 1 article
Description: Justice Cochran, who was born in Staunton in 1912, is the son of local attorney Peyton Cochran, and a descendant of A.H.H. Stuart, probably Staunton's most significant political figure of the nineteenth century. Justice Cochran graduated from Robert E. Lee High School, studied at the University of Virginia, completed his legal training and practiced with his father in Staunton. He served with the U.S. Navy during World War II,from January of 1942 to January of 1946, then returned to the practice of law. From 1948 to 1966 he served in the Virginia House of Delegates, and in 1966 was elected to the Virginia Senate. In 1969 he was appointed to the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals, where he served until retiring in 1987. From the museum's founding in 1986 until 1998,Cochran was chairman of the board of the Museum of American Frontier Culture in Staunton. His recollections of the work of the Perrow Commission that follow provide an excellent record of a difficult period in Virginia history, one in which Cochran played a significant role in breaking Virginia's long tradition of racial discrimination.
Subject: School integration--Massive resistance movement; United States. Supreme Court; Virginia. Supreme Court of Appeals
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: OCLC World Cat
Address: http://www.worldcat.org/
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone:
Contact Email:
Dove region:

Submission Number: 182
Title: Records of the Board of Visitors
Creator: Va Tech Board of Visitors
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 1
Part of Larger Collection: no
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1943 - 1961
Types of records: Correspondence; Minutes; Reports
Access Restricted: yes
Access Restrictions: Permission must be sought through the University Archivist.
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia Tech University
Size:
Description: The BOV (Board of Visitors) files contain a few references to desegregation issues, including consideration in 1943 of establishing an integrated honorary society, Tau Sigma Delta, to establish a chapter (box 7037,, folder titled "1939-43 Board of Visitors Meetings (letters of to)"); reference to a training session for Negro workers found in the Annual Report of School of Agriculture to VPI Board of Visitors - August 1960 (box 7038, BOV 1950-59, folder titled Annual Board Reports 1960); report by President Newman on 2 matters "having to do with Negroes at VPI (box 9538 BOV 1955-59, volume XXIV); issue of allowing black members of professional groups whose meetings include a meal to eat with the group in college facilities (box 9539 BOV 1950-54, vol. XXI 1953 (addendum after p. 130 of 7-28-53 meeting)); consideration of the request of two Negro students to live on campus (box 9545, BOV 1960-65, vol. XXVIII 1960, meeting of May 10, p. 52; and another consideration of allowing Negro students to live on campus, as well as their attendance at Ring Dance (box 9545, vol. XXIX 1961, Feb 14 meeting).
Subject: African American students; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 183
Title:
Creator: American Jewish Committee
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil rights No. 2
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Pamphlet File, Box 1 Black History (ACLU to Civil Rights)
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1948 - 1963
Types of records: Pamphlets
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: US National
Size: 2 pamphlets
Description: Two pamphlets that summarize progress in civil rights in multiple areas,including education. The first pamphlet covers 1948 to 1959; the second pamphlet covers 1954 to 1963. Virginia is mentioned in several categories, including Education.
Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; African American--Segregation; Public schools; Race relations; Segregation in education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 184
Title:
Creator: Fleischman, Harry
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Rights no. 11
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Pamphlet File, Box 1 Black History (ACLU to Civil Rights)
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: October 1962 - December 1963
Types of records: Pamphlets
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: U.S. National
Size: 1 pamphlet
Description: Issuance is a reprint from the American Jewish Year Book, Vol 65, 1964. Harry Fleischmann is coordinator of race-relations activities and director of the Nationqal Labor Service of the American Jewish Committee. The pamphlet summarizes civil rights activities in multiple categories including the desegration of schools. Virginia is mentioned pp. 13-14.
Subject: African Americans--Civil rights; Private schools; Public schools; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in education; Virginia. Supreme Court of Appeals
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 185
Title: "The Civil Rights Cases"
Creator: Virginia Commission on Constitutional Government
Call Number/Manuscript Number: Civil Rights no. 3
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Pamphlet File, Box 1 Black History (ACLU to Civil Rights)
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1883 - 1963
Types of records: Pamphlets
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: US National
Size: 1 pamphlet
Description: The Virginia Commission on Constitutional Government was created in 1956 by the General Assembly. Its "function is to engage in educational activities intended to promote the reestablishment of a sound State-Federal relationship, and generally to encourage a strict construction of the Constitution." This pamphlet argues that the 1963 Civil Rights bill that President Kennedy sent to Congress is unconstitutional.
Subject: ; United States. Supreme Court
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries PO Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 186
Title:
Creator:
Call Number/Manuscript Number:
Part of Larger Collection:
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: -
Types of records:
Access Restricted:
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage:
Size:
Description:
Subject:
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository:
Address:
Contact Name:
Contact Title:
Contact Phone:
Contact Email:
Dove region:

Submission Number: 187
Title: Black Life at Virginia Tech
Creator: Office of Admissions
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 2/12, Box 12, Folder 15
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: William E. Lavery Papers
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1982 - 1982
Types of records: Correspondence; Pamphlets
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg Virginia
Size: 1 folder
Description: "Black Life at Virginia Tech" was issued by the Office of Admissions in 1982, in order to encourage black students to attend Virginia Tech. 26 pages in length, the brochure describes black student organizations, activities, and includes numerous photos of individual blacks engaging campus life. The brochure also describes academic offerings, athletic and social opportunities, and attractions found in the Blacksburg area. A letter from President Lavery congratulating Calvin Jamison and Glenn Valentine on the issuance of the brochure is included.
Subject: ; African American students
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Aaron Purcell
Contact Title: Director of Special Collections
Contact Phone: 540 231-9672
Contact Email: adp@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 188
Title:
Creator: Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Office
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 2/12, Box 18, Folder 23
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: William E. Lavery Presidential Papers
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1958 - 1985
Types of records: Pamphlets
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Virginia, other states, and Puerto Rico
Size: 1 brochure
Description: This 4th edition of the Black Alumni Directory provides a breakdown by name (listed alphabetically), by class year, and by state. It is included in a folder titled 'EO/AA Advisory Committee 1986' in the papers of President William E. Lavery.
Subject: African American students; School integration
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Tamara Kennelly
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 540 321-9214
Contact Email: tjk@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 189
Title:
Creator: Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Office
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 2/12, Box 20, Folder 19
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: William E. Lavery Presidential Papers
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1986 - 1987
Types of records: Organizational Records; Pamphlets
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg and elsewhere
Size: 1 softbound 74 page booklet
Description: The EO/AA Office began publishing a Black Student Directory in 1977. This edition contains a list of black organizations on campus, names and both campus address and hometown of undergraduate and graduate students, a list of students by major, and a list of black faculty and staff at Virginia Tech in 1986-87.
Subject: African American students
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Tamara Kennelly
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 540 231-9214
Contact Email: tjk@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 190
Title:
Creator: Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Office
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 2/12, Box 20, Folders 19-20
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: William E. Lavery Presidential Papers
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1987 - 1987
Types of records: Organizational Records; Pamphlets
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, VA
Size: 2 items
Description: These two issues of the Minority Newsletter focus on the first black alumni reunion, the retention of minorities in engineering, general news of interest to minorities, an obituary for T. J. Anderson Jr., and an article by Dean of Students James W. Dean describing conditions and events during the initial integration of Virginia Tech and the town of Blacksburg.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; Race relations; School integration; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 94062-9001
Contact Name: Tamara Kennelly
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 540 231-9214
Contact Email: tjk@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 191
Title: William E. Lavery Papers
Creator: Lavery, William Edward
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 2/12
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection: Records of the President
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1975 - 1987
Types of records: Clippings; Correspondence; Organizational Records; Pamphlets; Petitions
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg Virginia
Size: 22 cu. ft.
Description: Covering a range of issues and activities occurring during his presidency of Virginia Tech, the collection includes multiple references to Tech's efforts to meet the U.S. Office of Civil Rights' requirements for an acceptable Affirmative Action Compliance Plan (e.g. Box 1, Folders 8-10; Box 15, Folder 44), concerns about lack of progress in meeting plan objectives (e.g. Box 4, Folder 16; Box 12, Folder 20; Box 18, Folder 23), statistical data and reports regarding Tech's progress in increasing minority and female students and faculty (e.g. Box 8, Folders 24-25; Box 9, Folders 23 and 25; Box 12, Folder 20; Box 15, Folder 26; Box 20, Folders 19-20), and other related matters. Folders titled "Civil Rights" and "Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action" are primary sources of desegregation material but other sources of occasional information in this area are in folders titled "Board of Visitors, Report to 1978" containing a speech by Old Dominion University's president that mentions issues of "duplication" with Norfolk State; "Vice President for Administration 1977" that contains articles quoting Tech professors and students about insufficient progress toward integration; and "State Council of Higher Education 1979" regarding Tech's hosting of the 1979 Summer Program for Undergraduate Minority Students. Box 15, Folder 43 (titled EO/AA Advisory Committee 1985) includes James Dean's narrative describing early resistance to and Tech's efforts toward desegregation at Virginia Tech and in the town Blacksburg.
Subject: African American students; Segregation in higher education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Tamara Kennelly
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 540 231-9214
Contact Email: tjk@vt.edu
Dove region: region1

Submission Number: 192
Title: Office of Academic Affairs Records
Creator: Malpass, Leslie F.; Alfred H. Krebs
Call Number/Manuscript Number: RG 5/1/2
Part of Larger Collection: yes
Title of Larger Collection:
URL of digital image, finding aid or inventory:
Date range: 1961 - 1977
Types of records: Reports; Speeches
Access Restricted: no
Access Restrictions:
Geographic/School district coverage: Blacksburg, Virginia
Size: 84 cu. ft. 60 boxes
Description: This collection consists pirmarily of records from the Office of Academic Affairs at Virginia Tech. The bulk is from Leslie Malpass' tenure as Vice-President for Academic Affairs (1968-1974) but there are also materials from others, in particular Alfred H. Krebs who served as director of Summer School and as Assistant Vice President of Academic Affairs under Malpass. The collection covers a wide range of topics related to the academic programs offered or considered by Virginia Tech, including desegregation issues or activities. Of particular interest are folders containing discussions, drafts, or correspondence related to Tech's repeated attempts to meet Federal requirements and gain approval for affirmative action/equal opportunity programs as mandated by the Office of Civil Rights. Tech's efforts were part of a larger "Virginia Plan" titled The Plan for Equal Opportunity in Virginia's Institution's of Higher Education(see box/folders 37-23, 37-24, 40-2, 44-8, 44-9, 44-20, 45-17, 51-11 and 60-28). There is also material reflecting activities and concerns related to increasing black faculty, staff, and enriching the black student experience at Tech (see box/folders 9-4, 10-33, 15-2, 15-3, 16-14, 18-1, 18-4, 18-6, 18-7, 34-26 and 44-19. A program for disadvantaged southwest youth called Upward Bound and its corollary, Talent Search, operated at Virginia Tech for several years and the collection includes reports and correspondence related to this effort to improve the academic prospects of low socio-economic youths of which blacks appear to have been up to 50% of the program. Particularly revealing materials regarding Upward Bound can be found in box/folders 40-14/15 and 48-13. Information about concerns or activities related to blacks in higher education but not specifically at Virginia Tech can be found ins box/folders 16-15, 25-22, and 25-31/32.
Subject: African American students; African Americans--Civil rights; High school students; Race relations; Segregation in higher education; Virginia. Dept. of Education
Additional Keywords:
Name of repository: Virginia Tech Special Collections
Address: University Libraries P.O. Box 90001 Blacksburg, VA 24062-9001
Contact Name: Tamara Kennelly
Contact Title: University Archivist
Contact Phone: 540 231-9214
Contact Email: tjk@vt.edu
Dove region: region1