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Location

The Special Collections is located on the east side of the Library at the front of the 3rd floor.

Contact Information

Patricia W. & J. Douglas Perry Library
Norfolk, Virginia 23529-0256
telephone (757) 683-4483
fax (757) 683-5954

 

The Papers of Norfolk Public Schools

Historical Sketch

Norfolk, Virginia has twice found itself at the center of a storm of attention related to the racial desegregation of its schools. The first was in the late 1950s during a state-wide, governor-led resistance to the integration mandated by the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS ruling. Governor Lindsay J. Almond, Jr. closed the schools scheduled to be integrated for five months until the courts intervened. The second was in 1986 when Norfolk became the first school district in the country to have a federal judicial ruling allowing them to end busing for the purpose of achieving racial balance in schools.

On September 19, 1958, U.S. District Judge Walter Hoffman issued an order in continuation of Leola Pearl Beckett v. The School Board of the City of Norfolk which said that Norfolk must immediately begin to integrate its schools. On September 27, 1958, the Norfolk School Board placed 17 African American children into previously all white schools in compliance with the judge's order. Earlier in 1958, the Virginia legislature had granted permission to Governor J. Lindsay Almond, Jr. to close any white school that had "negroes" which tried to enroll. On September 27, the same day the children were to start at school, the Governor closed the six affected schools in Norfolk and took them under his control. In all, this impacted more than 10,000 white students and the 17 African American students (the Norfolk 17). In the months that followed, students found avenues to education through private schools, relocation, but mostly through highly organized tutoring groups. In February of 1959, the schools reopened with fewer students-by one estimate almost 2500 fewer.

During the 1960s and 1970s, southern school districts struggled to implement the court-ordered integration in the face of political and community opposition. Districts faced internal challenges of teachers and administrators who did not want to work with students of another race and in many cases had to force involuntary transfers to maintain court-ordered quotas. As African American students began to apply for transfers to predominantly white schools in Norfolk, the district developed a rigorous evaluation system including an examination of records, health requirements, the academic achievement of the student in comparison to the requested school, residence, physical and moral fitness, mental ability (IQ), social adaptability, and cultural background compared to the requested school. The apparent goal and result of these stringent requirements was to give the appearance of compliance, while maintaining the status quo. As the courts and groups such as the NAACP became frustrated with the road blocks to integration, additional court cases were filed and more court orders were disseminated. As the 1960s closed, Norfolk still had not achieved integration and stronger measures needed to be implemented.

The mandatory busing between paired schools in Norfolk, VA began in September of 1971. Within the first weeks of busing, enrollment in the district dropped by 5000 students-within the next two years, an additional 8000 students left the district-mostly white. Four years later, in February of 1975, Judge Mackenzie deemed Norfolk a unitary school district-which meant that it was no longer segregated. As the enrollment of white students continued to drop-termed "white flight"-the School Board became concerned that despite busing, an integrated school district would be impossible to achieve. It examined a multitude of other districts around the country to gain ideas into how best to deal with the challenges. The school board voted in 1983 to end cross-town busing of elementary students, but to continue it for middle and high school. Although they were challenged in the Riddick v. School Board of the City of Norfolk case, their decision was upheld in 1986 when the U.S. Supreme Court refused to review the lower court decision. In the years that followed, a Community Oversight Committee was established to oversee the equity among schools and resources, but disbanded itself in 1991.

Scope and Contents

This collection dating from 1922-2008, contains correspondence, memorandum, depositions, court orders, recollections, statistical testing data, printed material, artifacts, and maps. The bulk of the collection provides a glimpse into the decisions made by the School Board through court documentation and the public sentiment during the integration process in Norfolk. The content is arranged chronologically. As such, it is possible that certain topics and materials regarding specific parties may cross series.

Series Descriptions

Series I - Closing of the Norfolk City Schools, 1954-1960

This series contains documents related to the years immediately following the Brown decision through the closing of some of Norfolk's schools. Of special note is the letter from Governor Almond closing the school and materials about the tutoring groups around Norfolk. There are also letters included which may help the researcher understand the climate of the community both in Norfolk and elsewhere during this time. The letters include a letter from an attorney in Seattle who referred to the School Board as "mongrelizers."

Series II - The Path to a Unitary School District, 1960-1983

This series contains a multitude of information regarding Norfolk schools during the 1960s and 1970s. It includes court required reports, internal memorandum, court documents including depositions, and test scores. There are studies and statistics maintained regarding the representation of African Americans both in the staffs of schools and in administrative positions. The city was required to present data regarding both enrollment and test scores by race. Additionally, there was significant community involvement through both litigation and public efforts to push each person's own agenda. Requests by teachers not to be moved to schools predominantly composed of another race are also included. Finally, there is information regarding the tuition grant program and its implementation.

Series III - Norfolk as a Unitary School District and the End of Busing, 1976-1991

This series contains information regarding the era after busing ended in Norfolk. A major component of this series includes the papers of Attorney Jack Greer, school board attorney as well as the plans for rezoning into neighborhood schools. Additionally, the Community Oversight Committee reports are included which provide information regarding equity of facilities and resources following the elimination of cross-town busing.

Series IV - Directories and Calendars, 1922-2008

This series contains calendars and directories for Norfolk schools to include years from 1922-2008. Not all years are included. The directories and calendars provide a mechanism for examining the way in which language changed over time. Beginning in the early years when calendar events were segregated and referred to by black school vs. white school to the time when the calendars became integrated. This also lists all major officials in the school board and administration during the years included.

Series V - Oversized Documents, 1960 - 1984

The final series includes oversized documents. Of special interest are maps of the school zoning in Norfolk and computer printouts of test scores by school broken down by race.

Provenance

Gift of City of Norfolk Public Schools, December 2007

Access

To access this collection, researchers must first sign a non-disclosure statement in order to protect confidential information. Questions on literary property rights should be directed to the Special Collections Librarian.

Size

34 Hollinger Document Cases; 2 oversized Hollinger boxes

Collection Number

MG 92

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Box [number], Folder [number and title], Norfolk Public Schools Desegregation Papers, Special Collections, Perry Library, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia.

Container Listing

Series I Closing of the Norfolk City Schools

Box 1

Folder 1: Letters, 1954, 1955, 1958
Folder 2: Norfolk City Council & School Board, 1955-1958
Folder 3: Integration-Misc. State Board of Education, 1955-1959
Folder 4: Integration-Misc. Statement of School Board 7/1/55, 1955
Folder 5: Integration-Misc. Negro Children in White Areas, 1955
Folder 6: Integration-Misc. Defenders, 1955-1956
Folder 7: Integration-Misc. Gray Commission, 1955-1956
Folder 8: Integration, 1956
Folder 9: Williams, Cocke, Worrell, Kelly (Legal Counsel to Norfolk Schools), 1956-1958
Folder 10: NAACP Suit, 1956-1958
Folder 11: Integration Ashe, Madison, Jordan (Negro Attorneys), 1956-1958
Folder 12: Briefs, Beckett Case, 1957
Folder 13: Doctrine of Interposition--Its History & Application, 1957
Folder 14: Operating Costs, 1958
Folder 15: Integration-Misc. Interviewing Committee, 1958
Folder 16: Integration Q & A, 1958
Folder 17: Letters, 1958

Box 2

Folder 1: Correspondence of City Attorney's Office, 1958
Folder 2: Integration-1958-1959, Testing Program, 1958
Folder 3: Salary Reimbursement, 1958
Folder 4: Tuition Grants, 1958-1960
Folder 5: Letters from Governor Almond Closing Schools, September 1958
Folder 6: Integration-Misc. Governor of Virginia, 1958
Folder 7: Integration 1958-1959, Statement by Crenshaw, July 17, 1958
Folder 8: Integration 1958-1959, Tutoring Groups
Folder 9: Integration 1958-1959, Requests for Placements of 89 Tested
Folder 10: Integration 1958-1959, Federal Court
Folder 11: School Board Operations and Correspondence, 1958-1959
Folder 12: Integration 1958-1959 Resolutions Adopted by School Board
Folder 13: Integration 1959-1960 Applications

Series II The Path to a Unitary School District

Box 3

Folder 1: News Clippings, 1960s and 1970s
Folder 2: Court Orders, 1960s
Folder 3: School Enrollment & Racial Distribution, 1960-1972
Folder 4: Recommended Assignment of Pupils, 1960-1961
Folder 5: Integration-Misc. Social Activities, 1959-1963
Folder 6: Integration-Misc. Requests to Withdraw from White Schools, 1960 & 1963
Folder 7: Integration 1960-1961 Federal Court
Folder 8: Integration 1960-1961 Resolutions Adopted by School Board
Folder 9: Integration 1960-1961 Testing Program, 1960
Folder 10: Integration-Misc. Ashe, Madison, Jordan, Negro Attorneys, 1961-1968
Folder 11: Integration-Misc. Distances from Applicant's Residence to Schools, 1961
Folder 12: Integration 1961-1962 Resolutions Adopted by School Board
Folder 13: Integration 1961-1962 Testing Program, 1961
Folder 14: Integration 1961-1962, Miscellaneous
Folder 15: Integration 1962-1963 Letters to Parents
Folder 16: Integration 1962-1963 Report on 62-63 School Year
Folder 17: Integration 1962-1963 Resolutions Adopted by School Board
Folder 18: Integration 1962-1963 Probation Students
Folder 19: Negro Application, 1962-1963

Box 4

Folder 1: Integration 1963-1964, Depositions 1963
Folder 2: Integration-Interrogatories, 1963
Folder 3: Integration 1963-1964 Resolutions Adopted by School Board
Folder 4: Integration-Other Cities, 1963-1965
Folder 5: Choice of Schools, 1964 & 1969
Folder 6: Integration 1964-1965 Resolutions
Folder 7: Principles for Determining, 1963

Box 5

Folder 1: Integration 1964-1965
Folder 2: Integration 1964-1965 Brief for Defendants
Folder 3: City Attorney Tuition Grant Suit, 1964-1965
Folder 4: Integration 1964-1965 City Attorney
Folder 5: Integration 1964-1965 Federal Court Memorandum & Order, 1964
Folder 6: Integration 1964-1965 Publication of Plan of School Bd. For Desegregation, 1964
Folder 7: Enrollment Data Summary, 1965
Folder 8: Integration 1965-1966, Publication of Plan of School Bd. For Desegregation
Folder 9: Integration 1965-1966 City Attorney
Folder 10: Tuition Grants 1966
Folder 11: Tuition Grants-Douglas MacArthur Acad. (Tidewater Ed. Foundation), 1965-1966
Folder 12: Tuition Grants-McLea Day School, 1965-1966
Folder 13: Tuition Grants-Meadows Private School, 1965-1966
Folder 14: Tuition Grants-Norfolk Academy, 1965-1966
Folder 15: Tuition Grants-North Shore Private School, 1965-1966
Folder 16: Tuition Grants-Mary C. Rice Private School, 1965-1966
Folder 17: Tuition Grants-Ryan Private School, 1965-1966
Folder 18: Tuition Grants-Tidewater Association for Retarded Children, 1965-1966
Folder 19: Tuition Grants-Town & Country Day School, 1965-1966
Folder 20: Tuition Grants-Twin Oaks Private School, 1965-1966

Box 6

Folder 1: Tuition Grants-Wayside Academy, 1965-1966
Folder 2: Tuition Grants-Arrowood Academy, 1965-1966
Folder 3: Tuition Grants-Brentwood Day School, 1965-1966
Folder 4: Tuition Grants-Carolton Oaks School, 1965-1966
Folder 5: Tuition Grants-Denby Park School, 1965-1966
Folder 6: Tuition Grants-Garrison Williams School, 1965-1966
Folder 7: Tuition Grants-Barbara Jacobs School, 1965-1966
Folder 8: Tuition Grants-King's Grant Christian Day School, 1965-1966
Folder 9: Integration 1965-1966 Interrogatories
Folder 10: Integration 1965-1966 Resolutions
Folder 11: Desegregation of Facilities-Reassignment of Volunteers, Part 1, 1966-1970
Folder 12: Desegregation of Facilities-Reassignment of Volunteers, Part 2, 1966-1970
Folder 13: Integration 1966-1967, Response of School Board to Order of the Court, 1965
Folder 14: Integration, 1966-1967 Statement via TV by Lamberth & Thomas, 1966
Folder 15: Integration 1966-1967 Teachers, 1966
Folder 16: Integration-Misc. Wetter, Dr. Allen, 1967
Folder 17: Percent of White & Black Pupils, 1966-1970
Folder 18: Distribution of Pupils & Administration by Race, 1965, 70, 75

Box 7

Folder 1: Integration 1966-1967 Publication of Plan of School Board for Desegregation
Folder 2: Integration 1966-1967 Plan of School Board for Desegregation of Schools, 1966
Folder 3: Integration 1966-1967 Resolutions
Folder 4: Integration 1966-1967 Choice of School, 1966
Folder 5: Plan of the School Board, Amended & Modified, May 23, 1967
Folder 6: Integration 1967-1968 Transfer Requests
Folder 7: Integration 1967-1968 Resolutions
Folder 8: Special Report on Enrollment as of October 1, 1968
Folder 9: Neighborhood Analysis, August 1967
Folder 10: Integration 1967-1968 Federal Report
Folder 11: Integration 1967-1968 City Attorney
Folder 12: Integration 1967-1968 Choice of School
Folder 13: Submission of Plaintiff-Intervener Pursuant to the Court's Order, 1968
Folder 14: Compulsory Attendance Law, September 9, 1968

Box 8

Folder 1: Integration City Attorney 1966-1967
Folder 2: Briefs, Brewer et al, 1967
Folder 3: Cost Per Pupil by Schools, 1968-1969
Folder 4: Integration City Attorney 1968-1969
Folder 5: Brief Brewer Case, 1968
Folder 6: Expenditures, June 12, 1968
Folder 7: Racial Imbalance, October 1968
Folder 8: Transportation, 1968-1977

Box 9

Folder 1: Integration-Federal Court Order Memorandum & Order, 1968
Folder 2: Estimated Requirements for Transportation of Pupils, 1968-1969
Folder 3: Integration Resolutions, 1968-1969
Folder 4: Integration Attorney General, 1968-1969
Folder 5: Court Orders, 1968-1969
Folder 6: Integration Requests for Information, 1969
Folder 7: Norfolk Desegregation, 1969
Folder 8: Petition for Writ of certiorari to the U.S. Court of Appeals for 4th Circuit and Motion
to Advance, 1969
Folder 9: Court Documents, 1969
Folder 10: Enrollment Membership Information, 1969
Folder 11: Boundary Lines Proposed Senior High School, 1969-1970
Folder 12: Letters, 1969-1971
Folder 13: Integration Resolutions, 1969-1970
Folder 14: Court Memorandum, December 30, 1969
Folder 15: Appeal US District Court, Raleigh, NC, 1969
Folder 16: Pairing of Schools, February 3, 1969
Folder 17: Correspondence Equal Education Opportunities, Washington & Charlottesville, 1969

Box 10

Folder 1: Beckett Case, Depositions, April 16, 1969
Folder 2: Beckett Case, Depositions Volumes I, II, April 22-23, 1969
Folder 3: Beckett Case, Depositions Volumes VII, VIII, X, April 29, May 7 & 9, 1969

Box 11

Folder 1: Beckett Case, Depositions Volumes III and others, September 1969
Folder 2: Beckett Case, Depositions Volumes III & V, Oct. 1969
Folder 3: Beckett Case, Trial Proceedings Volume VII, October 1969
Folder 4: Beckett Case, Deposition, Oct. 5, 1969

Box 12

Folder 1: Beckett Case, Depositions, Volume II, October 9, 1969
Folder 2: Beckett Case, Depositions, Volume IV, October 11, 1969
Folder 3: Beckett Case, Depositions, Volume VI, October 14, 1969

Box 13

Folder 1: Beckett Case, Proceedings, Volume VIII, October 16, 1969
Folder 2: Beckett Case, Proceedings, Volume IX, October 17, 1969
Folder 2: Beckett Case, Volume XI, November 11, 1969
Folder 1: Beckett Case, Volumes A-C, December 8, 1969

Box 14

Folders 1-2: Court Case, Carlotta Brewer, 1969-1975
Folder 3: Desegregation Faculty, 1969-1977
Folder 4: Desegregation Court Correspondence, 1969-1972
Folder 5: Integration City Attorney, 1969-1970
Folder 6: Integration Choice of School, 1969-1970
Folder 7: Integration Attorney General, 1969-1970

Box 15

Folder 1: Integration Long Range Plan, 1969-1970
Folder 2: Integration News Clippings, 1969-1970
Folder 3: Objections from the Justice Department, 1969-1970
Folder 4: Court Orders, 1970s
Folder 5: Briefs, Brewer Case, 1970
Folder 6: Profiles of Change Trends since 1970, 1970-1978
Folder 7: Guidelines for Faculty Balancing, March 4, 1970
Folder 8: Memorandum, June 22, 1970
Folder 9: Decision 4th Circuit Court, June 22, 1970
Folder 10: District Court Order, June 23, 1970
Folder 11: Statement of Vincent J. Thomas, July 14, 1970
Folder 12: Statement of Vincent J. Thomas, July 27, 1970
Folder 13: Authorization for Athletes, 1969-1970
Folder 14: Administrative Transfers, 1969-1970
Folder 15: Petition for Writ Supreme Court October Term, 1969
Folder 16: Federal Enforcement of School Desegregation Report, 1969
Folder 17: Racial Distribution of Administrators and Faculty, September 29, 1969
Folder 18: Norview Coronado Elementary Schools, August 4, 1969
Folder 19: Depositions Beckett Box, July 29, 1970 & August 27, 1970
Folder 20: Court Order, July 29, 1970

Box 16

Folder 1: Depositions Beckett Case, Volume I, August 11, 1970
Folder 2: Statement of Vincent J. Thomas, August 24, 1970
Folder 3: Court Order, August 27, 1970
Folder 4: School Enrollment and Racial Distribution, September 16, 1970
Folder 5: Report of Student Membership, September 16, 1970
Folder 6: Complaint against School Board, McDaniel, October 1970
Folder 7: Transfer Papers, 1970
Folder 8: Response to Questions Propounded, 1970
Folder 9: NAACP's Motion for Further Relief, 1970
Folder 10: Depositions Beckett Case, 1970
Folder 11: Plan for Unitary Schools, 1970-1971
Folder 12: Complaint US District Court, 1970-1971
Folder 13: Revised Score Sheet, 1970-1971
Folder 14: Number of Sections of Each Grade above First Floor, 1970
Folder 15: Richmond Division, 1970-1971

Box 17

Folder 1: Miscellaneous, 1970-1971
Folder 2: Swann et al, 1971
Folder 3: Fees, Court Costs, 1971
Folder 4: Brief, Brewer Case, 1971
Folder 5: Richmond, 1971
Folder 6: Selection & Training of Bus Drivers, 1971
Folder 7: Concerned Citizens Motions & Objections, 1971
Folder 8: Integration Statement by Chairman of the School Board, 1971
Folder 9: Answer to the Motion for Further Relief, 1971
Folder 10: Letters, Busing, 1971
Folder 11: Supplemental Brief of NAACP, June 1, 1971
Folder 12: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, June 10, 1971
Folder 13: Court Order July 19, 1971
Folder 14: Court Order, July 28, 1971
Folder 15: Memorandum, July 28, 1971
Folder 16: Court Order, July 28, 1971
Folder 17: Motion to Vacate Stay by the NAACP, August 25, 1971
Folder 18: Response of School Board in Opposition to Vacate Stay, August 25, 1971
Folder 19: Motion to Vacate Stay & Motion for Rending Appeal, August 25, 1971
Folder 20: Motion for Injunction Regarding Appeal, August 31, 1971
Folder 21: Integration 1971-1972, Petitions from Parents regarding busing
Folder 22: Total Full-Time Professional & Instructional Staff, October 2, 1971
Folder 23: Proposed Amendments to the Pupil Assignment Plan, 1971-1972
Folder 24: Justice Department Opposition for Stay, 1971
Folder 25: Membership & Racial Distribution, 9/30/1971
Folder 26: Feeder Schools & Pattern, September 1971
Folder 27: Whitmore Complaint, 9/28/1971

Box 18

Folder 1: Enrollment Data, September 30, 1969, 1970, 1971
Folder 2: Report to the Court, October 1971
Folder 3: Summary of Enrollment Data, October 11, 1971
Folder 4: Supreme Court, October 1971
Folder 5: Complaints from Parents Concerning Bus Service, 1971
Folder 6: Motion to Dispense with Printing Brewer/Allgood, October 1971
Folder 7: Bus Fare Ordinance, December 6, 1971
Folder 8: Senior High Schools with 100 % Senior Options & 9th Graders Assigned, 1971-1972
Folder 9: Court Complete Exhibit Sets, 1971-1972
Folder 10: Exceptions to Norfolk Plan, 1971-1972
Folder 11: Amendment to the Plan, 1971-1972
Folder 12: Teachers Suit for Full Salary under Price Freeze, 1971-1972
Folder 13: Busing-Miscellaneous Articles, reports, etc., 1971-1972
Folder 14: Racial Breakdown Involving Administrators, 1971-1972
Folder 15: Score Sheet Proposed, 1971-1972
Folder 16: Exhibits A-D, 1971-1972
Folder 17: NAACP Response to the 1971-1972 Plan
Folder 18: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals Transcript, March 7, 1972
Folder 19: 4th Circuit Court of Appeals Transcript, March 8, 1972
Folder 20: H.R. 13915, March 20, 1972
Folder 21: Court Order Approving Changes, June 16, 1972
Folder 22: Richmond Case, 1972

Box 19

Folder 1: Counsel Fees, June 28, 1972
Folder 2: Fall 1972 Report to the Court
Folder 3: Desegregation Study, 8/14-18, 1972
Folder 4: Transition School, August 3, 1972
Folder 5: Full Time Professional Instructional Staff, October 2, 1972
Folder 6: Race Distribution of Faculty, 11/10/1972
Folder 7: Final Argument, 10/26/1972
Folder 8: Depositions, 1972
Folder 9: Richmond Transcripts, 1972
Folder 10: Integration Plaintiff Counsel Fees, 1972-1973
Folder 11: Transportation, 1972-1973
Folder 12: Exceptions of Plaintiffs, 7/21/1972

Box 20

Folder 1: District Court, July 11, 1972
Folder 2: Proposed Adjustments to Pupil Attendance Plan, 1972-1973
Folder 3: Integration-1972-1973, Federal Court Memorandums, Motions, Orders
Folder 4: Proposed Adjustments to Plan, May 25, 1972
Folder 5: Capacity Data, 1973
Folder 6: Attorney's Fees, January 22, 1973
Folder 7: Proposed Adjustment to Pupil Attendance Plan, 1973
Folder 8: Administrative Staff by Race, 1973
Folder 9: Desegregation-Miscellaneous, 1973-1981
Folder 10: Review of Federal Court Orders, 11/16/1973
Folder 11: Fall 1973 Report to the Court
Folder 12: Integration 1973-1974, Pupil Attendance Plan
Folder 13: Minority and Non-Minority Percentages Summary, 1973-1974
Folder 14: Pupil Reassignment Factors, 1973-1974
Folder 15: Integration History, 1974
Folder 16: Amendments to the Assignment Plan, 1974-1975
Folder 17: Fall 1974 Report to the Court
Folder 18: Integration 1974-1975 Pupil Assignment Plan

Box 21

Folder 1: Order-Beckett Dismissal, 1974
Folder 2: Opinions from Other Districts, 1974
Folder 3: Order Labeling Norfolk as a Unitary School District, February 1975
Folder 4: Attorney General Opinions, 1976
Folder 5: Desegregation-Miscellaneous Reports, Guidelines, 1976
Folder 6: Supreme Court-Hortonville, 1976
Folder 7: Racial Distribution Administrators, 1977
Folder 8: Attendance Percentage, 1978-1979 to 1982-1983
Folder 9: NAACP, 1979
Folder 10: Coleman Report, 1981

Series III Norfolk as a Unitary School District and the End of Busing

Box 22

Folder 1: News Clippings, 1980
Folder 2-4: Desegregation, Nashville, TN, 1980-1981
Folder 5: Brown, Carlton E. Study, 1980-1981
Folder 6: Desegregation, Shreveport, LA Plan and Visit, 1981
Folder 7: Desegregation Plan, Norfolk, August 14, 1981
Folder 89: Desegregation of NPS Impact Report, Michigan State
March 29, 1982

Box 23

Folder 1-5: Dr. David Armor, 1982-1988
Folder 6-7: Pupil Assignments and Reassignments, 1976-1983

Box 24

Folder 1: School Closures, 1981
Folder 2: Norfolk Tea Party, 1981
Folder 3: Norfolk Branch NAACP Education Position Paper, February 4, 1982
Folder 4: Norfolk Coalition for Quality Public Education, 1982
Folder 5: Majority Minority Transfer Option, 1982-1983
Folder 6: Transportation Info, 1983
Folder 7: Preparation for Court, 1983
Folder 8-9: Elementary Organization, September 1983
Folder 10: Proposal for Voluntary Stably Desegregated System, January 1983
Folder 11: Senior High Master Schedules, 1983
Folder 12: Junior High Master Schedules, 1983
Folder 13-14: Depositions Riddick v. School Board, November 1983

Box 25

Folder 1: Review of Busing, Norfolk, VA--Wilson, 1983
Folder 2: Board Letter Voluntary Desegregation of School System to End Busing, 1983
Folder 3: Neighborhood Schools, 1982-83 & 1983-84
Folder 4: Resolution of the School Board-Neighborhood School Plan, 1983
Folder 5: Riddick Case, 1984
Folder 6: Neighborhood Plan, 1984
Folder 7: Plaintiff's First Supp. Response to Defendant's First, 1984
Folder 8: New Pupil Assignment Plan, 1984-1985
Folder 9: Desegregation, 1984 Trial
Folder 10: Collins et al v. City of Norfolk et al, 1984
Folder 11: Court Documents, 1984-86
Folder 12: Transportation Consultant (Ketron), 1985

Box 26

Folder 1: Desegregation, 1986
Folder 2: Decision-US Court of Appeals for 4th Circuit & Appeal by Attorney's for Petitioners,
Feb. 12, 1986
Folder 3: Allocation of Resources Report (Neighborhood School Plan), Aug. 20, 1987
Folder 4: Community Oversight Committee, 1986-1987
Folder 5: Community Oversight Committee Reports, 1987-1988
Folder 6: Court Order, 1989

Box 27

Folder 1: Community Oversight Committee, 1987-1990
Folder 2: Community Oversight Committee, 1989
Folder 3: Community Oversight Committee Reports, 1987-1991
Folder 4-6: Greer, Jack Attorney at Law, 1976-1990

Box 28

Folders 1-3: Greer, Jack Attorney at Law, 1976-1990
Folders 4-5: Neighborhood School Planning, 1983-1986
Folder 6: Total Full-Time Instructional Staff, n.d.
Folder 7: Jr. High Feeder Plan, n.d.
Folder 8: Junior HS w/9th Graders at Sr. High, n.d.
Folder 9: Legal Status of Neighborhood School, n.d.
Folder 10: Requests for Late Buses, n.d.
Folder 11: Norfolk Public Schools & Auxiliary Educational Facilities, n.d.

Series IV Directories and Calendars

Box 29

Folder 1: Calendars 1952-1953 - 1956-1957
Folder 2: Calendars 1957-1958 - 1959-1960
Folder 3: Calendars 1960-1961 - 1965-1966
Folder 4: Calendars 1966-1967 - 1967-1968
Folder 5: Calendars 1968-1969 - 1969-1970

Box 30

Folder 1: Calendars 1970-1971 - 1972-1973
Folder 2: Calendars 1973-1974 - 1975-1976
Folder 3: Calendars 1976-1977 - 1978-1979
Folder 4: Calendars 1979-1980 - 1981-1982

Box 31

Folder 1: Calendars 1982-1983 - 1984-1985
Folder 2: Calendars 1985-1986 - 1986-1987
Folder 3: Calendars 1987-1988 - 1988-1989
Folder 4: Calendars 1989-1990 - 1990-1991
Folder 5: Calendars 1991-1992 - 1992-1993

Box 32

Folder 1: Calendars 1993-1994 -1994-1995
Folder 2: Calendars 1995-1996 - 1996-1997
Folder 3: Calendars 1998-1999 - 1999-2000
Folder 4:  Calendars 2000-2001- 2001 -2002
Folder 5: Calendars 2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008
Folder 6: Directories 1922-1923 - 1948-1949

Box 33

Folder 1: Directories 1950-1951 - 1960-1961
Folder 2: Directories 1964-1965 - 1965-1966
Folder 3: Directories 1966-1967 - 1967-1968
Folder 4: Directories 1969-1970 - 1970-1971
Folder 5: Directories 1971-1972 - 1972-1973
Folder 6: Directories 1973-1974 - 1974-1975
Folder 7: Directories 1975-1976 - 1976-1977
Folder 8: Directories 1977-1978 - 1978-1979

Box 34

Folder 1: Directories 1979-1980 - 1980-1981
Folder 2: Directories 1981-1982 - 1982-1983
Folder 3: Directories 1983-1990

Series V Oversized Documents

Box 35

Folder 1: Attendance Zones, 1980s
Folder 2: Exhibits 1-5, 1970
Folder 3: Addendum to Resolutions, 1965
Folder 4: Recommended Assignment of Pupils, 1960-61

Box 36

Folder 1: Dr. David Armor Study (test score printouts), 1983
Folder 2: Stat Race Count/Breakdown by School, 1984
Folder 3: Print Outs Neighborhood Schools, 1984
Folder 4: Jack Greer, 1984

Revised 9/9/08