James, Ruth
Interview Date
November 5, 1982

Oral History Collection--Norfolk Women's History

Number of Tapes
Tape #
Play length

52 min: 18 sec

Tape condition/# sides?

good / 2 sides



No. typed pages

13 pages

Other attachments
Biographical information 2 pages
Transcript Location

Special Collections

Subject 1
Massive resistance
Subject 2
Norfolk -- 1950s
Subject 3
Race relations
Subject 4
Women's Council for Interracial Cooperation
Subject a
School desegregation -- Norfolk, Va
Subject b
Subject c
Subject d
ODU Service
1930 - first woman to attend Norfolk Division; 1970s - graduate student in Education
Interviewee Birth/Death
b. 10/13/1912 (Chesapeake, VA); d. October 7, 1997 (Norfolk, VA)
Other Interviewee Info
Ruth James was an advocate for school desegregation in the late 1950s when Norfolk closed its public shcools because of massive resistance laws. She and her family were the lead litigants in a law suit that re-opened and desegregated the schools. James was also the first female student enrolled in the Norfolk Division of the College of William and Mary, now Old Dominion University. See obituary from The Virginian-Pilot.
Interview Summary
The interview discusses her background and involvement with the school desegregation crisis in Norfolk, Virginia.    
Mary Pelham White
Interviewer Info
Old Dominion University student in History 495/595, Dr. Dorothy Johnson
Physical Location (audio cassette)
Special Collections
CDROM Location
Special Collections
Number of CDRoms
Web location

.wav size
135 mb
.rm size
18 mb

The audio and transcripts in this collection are copyright of the Old Dominion University.

Permitted Use
They may be used for educational and research purposes only. They may not be copied, altered or amended in any way.