School Desegregation in Norfolk, Virginia
The "Gray Plan"
Named for State Senator Garland Gray, who chaired the Commission on Public Education, the plan was devised to prevent integration:
"To meet the problem thus created by the Supreme Court, the Commission proposes a plan of assignment which will permit local school boards to assign their pupils in such a manner as will best serve the welfare of their communities and protect and foster the public schools under their jurisdiction. The Commission further proposes legislation to provide that no child be required to attend a school wherein both white and colored children are taught and that the parents of those children who object to integrated schools, or who live in communities wherein no public schools are operated, be given tuition grants for educational purposes."
See Report of the Gray Commission