Special Collections of the ODU Libraries

Dudley Cooper and Ocean View Amusement Park Papers, 1923-1978, undated | Special Collections and University Archives

By Jay Gaidmore and Joseph Legaspi; Mel Frizzell

Collection Overview

Title: Dudley Cooper and Ocean View Amusement Park Papers, 1923-1978, undated

ID: 00/MG 31

Primary Creator: Cooper, Dudley (1899-1996)

Extent: 31.0 Linear Feet. More info below.


Series I: Correspondence. Arranged by subject and within each subject folder the papers are chronological. Some letters will refer to such things as bills or insurance policies, in which case the document referred to will be found in the box containing that type of document. Pictures of many of the rides and amusements mentioned in the letters can be found in the series on photography or the folders containing brochures.

Series II: Legal Documents. Contains several folders of material on accidents that occurred at Ocean View and suits brought about by the injured parties. In these cases all documents and correspondence relating to each case have been clipped together. This is to make research of the accident cases simpler. Legal documents also include contracts, insurance forms, and lease agreements.

Series III: Financial Papers. Contains all bills and receipts. In most cases they have simply been arranged in chronological order rather than subject. VEPCO and C & P bills are separated; as are automobile receipts. All bills are together preceding the receipts. In some cases it is difficult to determine whether a document should be termed "bill" or "receipt".

Series IV: Printed Materials. Includes brochures, flyers, advertisements, news releases, and news clippings, and schedules of events.

Series V: Photographs. Most of the photographs are of entertainment groups that performed at Ocean View, or who wished to perform at Ocean View and sent photos with their ads. Some are of special events at the park and one folder contains a group of color snapshots of the park.

Series VI: Miscellaneous. Includes items on the construction of the bathhouse, the movie "Roller Coaster" filmed at the amusement park, documents relating to the fire of November 8, 1964, sketches and architectural drawings, tickets, and articles relating to amusement parks, and Dudley Cooper.

Series VII: Scrapbooks. Scrapbooks of news paper clippings and mementos documenting the history of Ocean View Amusement Park, dating from 1948-1967.

Series VIII:  Framed Certificates and Photos.  Contains framed certificates, awards, and photos from 1946 to 1991. Not all items are dated.

Series IX: Maps, Arrchitectural Drawings and Blueprints. Consists of the Ocean View area and the Chesapeake Bay House, dating from 1924-1965.

Date Acquired: 08/24/1978. More info below under Accruals.

Subjects: Amusement park owners--Virginia--Norfolk, Amusement parks--Virginia--Norfolk--History, Cooper, Dudley, 1899-1996, Hampton Roads (Va.)--History--20th century, Norfolk (Va.)--History--20th century, Ocean View Amusement Park (Norfolk, Va.), Optometrists--Virginia--Norfolk

Languages: English


First college-trained optometrist to practice in Norfolk. Owner of Ocean View Amusement Park. Includes correspondence, photographs, legal documents, financial material, brochures, advertisements, news release, and newspaper clippings primarily relating to the operation of Ocean View Park.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The papers of Dudley Cooper, dated from 1924 to 1978, are primarily concerned with the operation of Ocean View Park. This collection is divided into nine series: Correspondence, Legal Documents, Financial Papers, Printed Materials, Photographs, Miscellaneous, Scrapbooks, Framed Certificates and Photos, Maps and Architectural Drawings.

Collection Historical Note

Dudley Cooper was born in Tarboro, North Carolina in 1899. His family then moved to the Norfolk area in 1900. While a student at Maury High School, Dudley enlisted in the army when the United States entered World War I. He was trained in the Students Army Training Corps at Virginia Polytechnic Institute. At the end of the war, Dudley was discharged with the rank of sergeant and returned to complete his high school education in 1919. Dudley then attended the American Institute of Optometry, which later became an extension of Columbia University. He earned an optometry degree and returned to Norfolk.

Though he was the first college-trained optometrist to practice in Norfolk, Dudley Cooper became well known in this city chiefly through his ownership and operation of Ocean View Amusement Park. This came about in 1944 when he purchased land along the beach of Chesapeake Bay in the area now known as Ocean View. During World War II, Dudley set aside part of the land for the U.S. Army Coastal Installation, the Navy Relief Fund Raising, Naval Reserve Recruiting and various civic affair groups.

By studying the papers in the collection he donated to the Old Dominion University Archives, researchers can get an idea of the details involved in owning and operating a large amusement park. While still setting up Ocean View Park, Dudley Cooper was approached by three Black professional men: a dentist, a lawyer, and a high school principal. They wanted his help in establishing a special amusement park for the Black community. Dudley helped these men establish Seaview Beach Amusement Park, also on the Chesapeake Bay, which operated until 1966.

Dudley Cooper was active in civic and service organizations on both a local and national level. He was instrumental in bringing the 1937 National Conference of Christians and Jews to Norfolk, a meeting that led to the establishment of the annual Brotherhood Week. He was selected by the Armed Services Committee to serve as chairman of the Jewish USO in Norfolk and continued thus for the duration of the War.

After the war, Dudley served as chairman of the Norfolk United Jewish Appeal, and in 1947 was responsible for doubling the previous highest contribution ever received. Dudley and his wife, Mary, were also among the many American Jews who aided the European Jewish refugees of the steamboat Exodus by signing affidavits that allowed their entry into this country. Other activities include a local campaign begun by Dudley in the late forties known as "Cooper's Crusade" which eventually replaced Norfolk's antiquated street car system with a publicly-owned bus system. He also aided the journalistic education of young newspaper reporters with the foundation of the Norfolk Newspaper Guild Scholarship Fund. Dudley's civic and charitable activities continued throughout his life. At the same time he operated an optometrist's practice and successful amusement parks. In 1975 Dudley received the Distinguished Service Award from the Arnold Basmey Lodge No. 1195 of B'nai B'rith in recognition for his past leadership in Norfolk business and community affairs.

Dudley Cooper passed away on July 15, 1996.

Subject/Index Terms

Amusement park owners--Virginia--Norfolk
Amusement parks--Virginia--Norfolk--History
Cooper, Dudley, 1899-1996
Hampton Roads (Va.)--History--20th century
Norfolk (Va.)--History--20th century
Ocean View Amusement Park (Norfolk, Va.)

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections and University Archives

Accruals: An additional accession was made in November 2005

Alternate Extent Statement: 14 Hollinger document cases, 8 oversized boxes, 2 map drawers, 1 archival tube

Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions.

Use Restrictions: Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from Special Collections and University Archives, and the holder of the copyright, if not Old Dominion University Libraries.

Acquisition Source: Dr. Dudley Cooper; Minette Cooper

Acquisition Method: Gift. Accession #78-57

Related Materials: Oral Histories in the Perry Library: Dr. Dudley Cooper

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Box [insert number], Folder [insert number and title], Dudley Cooper and Ocean View Amusement Park Papers, Special Collections and University Archives, Old Dominion University Libraries.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Correspondence],
[Series II: Legal Documents],
[Series III: Financial Documents],
[Series IV: Printed Material],
[Series V: Photographs],
[Series VI: Miscellaneous],
[Series VII: Scrapbooks],
[Series VIII: Oversize Certificates, Photographs and Plaques, circa 1923-1979],
[Series IX: Maps and Architectural Drawings],

Series I: Correspondence
Box 1
Folder 1: Accidents and Injuries, 1944-1948
Folder 2: Accidents and Injuries, 1952
Folder 3: Accidents and Injuries, 1953-1954
Folder 4: Accidents and Injuries, 1955-1956
Folder 5: Accidents and Injuries, 1957-1958
Folder 6: Accidents and Injuries, 1967-1975
Folder 7: Acts and Shows, 1943-1951
Folder 8: Acts and Shows, January-April 1952
Folder 9: Acts and Shows, May-November 1952
Folder 10: Acts and Shows, 1953-1954
Folder 11: Acts and Shows, 1955-1957
Folder 12: Acts and Shows, 1958-1967
Folder 13: Acts and Shows, 1968-1970
Folder 14: Acts and Shows, January-May 1971
Folder 15: Acts and Shows, June-December 1971
Folder 16: Acts and Shows, 1972
Folder 17: Acts and Shows, 1973
Folder 18: Acts and Shows, Indian Village, 1961-1962
Folder 19: Advertising, 1943-1946
Box 2
Folder 1: Advertising, 1947-1948
Folder 2: Advertising, February-March 1952
Folder 3: Advertising, April-October 1952
Folder 4: Advertising, 1953-1957
Folder 5: Advertising, January-November 1958
Folder 6: Advertising, 1963-1965
Folder 7: Advertising, 1966-1975
Folder 8: Banks, 1943-1975
Folder 9: Boats, 1949-1953
Folder 10: Boats, 1954-1955
Folder 11: Bus and Taxi Service, 1946-1956
Folder 12: City and Goverment, 1942-1947
Folder 13: City and Goverment, 1948-1953
Folder 14: City and Goverment, 1954-1958
Folder 15: City and Goverment, 1963-1975
Folder 16: Comments on Ocean View, 1943-1978
Folder 17: Concessions, 1943-1977
Folder 18: Construction and Repairs, 1943-1948
Folder 19: Construction and Repairs, 1950-1958
Folder 20: Construction and Repairs, 1965-1970
Box 3
Folder 1: Contibutions, 1953-1971
Folder 2: Exhibits and Special Equipment, 1943-1951
Folder 3: Exhibits and Special Equipment, 1952-1953
Folder 4: Exhibits and Special Equipment, 1954-1967
Folder 5: Fireworks, 1945-1947
Folder 6: Fireworks, 1948-1958
Folder 7: Fireworks, 1963-1975
Folder 8: Free Passes and Gifts, 1944-1946
Folder 9: Free Passes and Gifts, 1947-1948
Folder 10: Free Passes and Gifts, 1952-1968
Folder 11: Insurance, 1943-1948
Folder 12: Insurance, 1949-1952
Folder 13: Insurance, 1953
Folder 14: Insurance, 1954-1956
Folder 15: Insurance, 1957
Folder 16: Insurance, 1958
Folder 17: Insurance, 1959-1963
Box 4
Folder 1: Insurance, 1964
Folder 2: Insurance, January-February 1965
Folder 3: Insurance, March 1965
Folder 4: Insurance Insurance, April-October 1965
Folder 5: Insurance, 1966-1967
Folder 6: Insurance, 1968-1975
Folder 7: Leases, 1942-1968
Folder 8: Miscellaneous, 1942-1971
Folder 9: National Association of Amusement Parks, 1943-1965
Folder 10: Navy and Shore Patrol, 1956-1971
Folder 11: Personal, 1945-1958
Folder 12: Personnel, 1943-1966
Folder 13: Rides, 1941-1946
Folder 14: Rides, 1947-1948
Folder 15: Rides, 1951-1958
Folder 16: Rides, 1967-1974
Folder 17: Special Events, 1948-1970
Folder 18: Subscriptions, 1952-1969
Folder 19: Taxes, 1943-1974
Box 5
Folder 1: Telegrams, 1943-1948
Folder 2: Telegrams, 1952-1970
Folder 3: Utilities, 1943-1948, 1966
Series II: Legal Documents
Box 5
Folder 4: Accidents and Court Cases, 1948-1955
Folder 5: Accidents and Court Cases, 1956
Folder 6: Accidents and Court Cases, 1957
Folder 7: Accidents and Court Cases, 1958-1964
Folder 8: Accidents and Court Cases, 1965
Folder 9: Accidents and Court Cases, 1966
Folder 10: Accidents and Court Cases, 1967
Folder 11: Accidents and Court Cases, 1968
Folder 12: Accidents and Court Cases, 1969-1972
Folder 13: Contracts, 1943-1947
Folder 14: Contracts, 1952-1958
Folder 15: Contracts, 1963-1969
Folder 16: Contracts, 1970-1974
Box 6
Folder 1: Insurance Forms, 1945-1947
Folder 2: Insurance Forms, 1948
Folder 3: Insurance Forms, 1949
Folder 4: Insurance Forms, 1951-1952
Folder 5: Insurance Forms, 1953-1955
Folder 6: Insurance Forms, 1956
Folder 7: Insurance Forms, 1957-1958
Folder 8: Insurance Forms, 1964
Folder 9: Insurance Forms, 1966
Folder 10: Insurance Forms, 1967-1969
Folder 11: Insurance Forms, 1970-1974
Folder 12: Leases and Rentals, 1943
Folder 13: Leases and Rentals, 1944-1945
Folder 14: Leases and Rentals, 1946
Folder 15: Leases and Rentals, 1947
Folder 16: Leases and Rentals, 1948
Folder 17: Leases and Rentals, 1950-1959
Folder 18: Music Licenses, 1967-1968
Series III: Financial Documents
Box 7
Folder 1: Balance Sheets, 1943
Folder 2: Balance Sheets, 1944-1945
Folder 3: Balance Sheets, 1946
Folder 4: Balance Sheets, 1947-1948
Folder 5: Balance Sheets, 1951-1954
Folder 6: Balance Sheets, 1958
Folder 7: Balance Sheets, 1963-1966
Folder 8: Bank Receipts, 1947-1948
Folder 9: Bank Receipts, 1951-1955
Folder 10: Bank Receipts, 1956-1959
Folder 11: Bank Receipts, 1964-1966
Folder 12: Bank Receipts, 1967
Folder 13: Bank Receipts, 1968-1969
Folder 14: Bank Receipts, 1970
Folder 15: Bank Receipts, 1971
Folder 16: Bank Receipts, 1972-1974
Box 8
Folder 1: Bank Receipts, 1975
Folder 2: Bank Deposit Books, 1953-1975
Folder 3: Bills, 1944-1948
Folder 4: Bills, 1951-1952
Folder 5: Bills, 1953
Folder 6: Bills, 1955-1956
Folder 7: Bills, 1957
Folder 8: Bills, 1958
Folder 9: Bills, 1963-1975
Folder 10: Bills, VEPCO, and C&P, 1951-1968
Folder 11: Receipts-Airline Tickets
Folder 12: Receipts-Automobile (I)
Folder 13: Receipts-Automobile (II)
Folder 14: Receipts-Automobile (III)
Folder 15: Receipts-Automobile (IV)
Box 9
Folder 1: Receipts-Miscellaneous
Folder 2: Receipts-Taxes
Series IV: Printed Material
Box 9
Folder 3: Advertising Copy - Radio and TV, 1952-1957
Folder 4: Brochures - Acts
Folder 5: Brochures - Norfolk
Folder 6: Brochures - Ocean View
Folder 7: Brochures - Rides and Equipment
Folder 8: Brochures - Tidewater Virginia
Folder 9: Flyers (I)
Folder 10: Flyers (II)
Folder 11: Newsclippings re. Nov 1964 Fire at Ocean View Amusement Park, Nov 1964
Folder 12: Newsclippings re. Closing of the Park, 1978
Folder 13: Newsclippings, 1943-1963
Folder 14: Newsclippings, 1968
Folder 15: Newsclippings, 1969
Folder 16: News Releases, 1970
Folder 17: Newsletters-Virginia Transit Company; National Ballroom Operators Association
Folder 18: Newsletters - Virginia Transit Company; National Ballroom Operators Association, undated
Folder 19: Bus Transportation Articles, 1945-1946
Box 10
Folder 1: News Releases, 1952-1954
Folder 2: News Releases, 1955
Folder 3: News Releases, 1956
Folder 4: News Releases, 1957
Folder 5: News Releases, 1958
Folder 6: News Releases, 1968
Folder 7: News Releases, 1969
Folder 8: News Releases, 1970
Folder 9: News Releases, 1976
Folder 10: Postcards (I)
Folder 11: Postcards (II)
Folder 12: Posters and Handbills
Folder 13: Schedules of Events, 1952-1970
Folder 14: Schedules of Events, 1971-1976
Series V: Photographs
Box 11
Folder 1: Animal Acts (I) - Szymanski's Chimps
Folder 2: Animal Acts (II) - Dog Acts
Folder 3: Animal Acts (III) including poster
Folder 4: Bathing Beauty Contests, 1940s-1950s
Folder 5: Color Photo of Amusement Park, undated
Folder 6: Easter Sunday at Ocean View Amusement Park, 1940s-1950s
Folder 7: Exterior Shots – Ocean View Amusement Park, undated
Folder 8: Fireworks at Ocean View Amusement Park, undated
Folder 9: High Wire Acts (I)
Folder 10: High Wire Acts (II)- Lovely Miss Rachel
Folder 11: High Wire Acts (III)
Folder 12: High Wire Acts (IV)
Folder 13: High Wire Acts (V)- Capt. Eddie Sky-Thriller
Folder 14: High Wire Acts (VI)
Folder 15: High Wire Acts (VII)
Folder 16: High Wire Acts (VIII)
Folder 17: High Wire Acts (IX)- The Fearless Bauers
Folder 18: High Wire Acts (X)
Folder 19: High Wire Acts (XI)
Folder 20: High Wire Acts (XII)- The Rodriques Brothers
Folder 21: High Wire Acts (XIII)- Miss Olga
Folder 22: High Wire Acts (XIV)
Folder 23: High Wire Acts (XV)
Folder 24: High Wire Acts (XVI)- Erik Golden Boy of the High Wire
Folder 25: High Wire Acts (XVII)
Box 12
Folder 1: High Wire Acts (XVIII)
Folder 2: High Wire Acts (XIX)- Trio Angelos
Folder 3: High Wire Acts (XX)
Folder 4: High Wire Acts (XXI)
Folder 5: High Wire Acts (XXII)
Folder 6: Indian Village
Folder 7: Juggling and Balancing Acts (I)
Folder 8: Juggling and Balancing Acts (II)- The Juggling Chef Pago
Folder 9: Juggling and Balancing Acts (III)
Folder 10: Juggling and Balancing Acts (IV)
Folder 11: Magic Acts
Folder 12: Trampoline Acts
Folder 13: Miscellaneous Acts (I)
Folder 14: Miscellaneous Acts (II)
Box 13
Folder 1: Ocean View Amusement Park (I)
Folder 2: Ocean View Amusement Park (II)
Folder 3: Ocean View Amusement Park (III)
Folder 4: Ocean View Amusement Park (IV)
Folder 5: Ocean View Amusement Park (V)
Folder 6: Ocean View Amusement Park (VI)
Folder 7: Ocean View Amusement Park (VII)
Folder 8: Ocean View Fishing Pier (?)
Folder 9: Ocean View Amusement Park-Lady Buxom Contest Photos (I)
Folder 10: Ocean View Amusement Park-Lady Buxom Contest Photos (II)
Folder 11: Ocean View Amusement Park-Lady Buxom Contest Photos (III)
Folder 12: Ocean View Amusement Park-Lady Buxom Contest Photos (IV)
Folder 13: Displays
Folder 14: “Rabbit Chase” Game
Folder 15: “Rocket” Ride
Folder 16: Miscellaneous Photographs
Folder 17: Miscellaneous Photographs: Dudley Cooper
Folder 1: Oversize Photographs, circa 1940-1958
Photographs of Ocean View Amusement Park including rides and the destruction after the fire in 1958.
Series VI: Miscellaneous
Box 14
Folder 1: Architectural Drawings
Folder 2: Arnold Ramsey Lodge No. 1195 of B’nai B’rith 26th Annual Distinguished Service Award Presentation honoring Dudley Cooper, May 4, 1975
Folder 3: Articles re. Amusement Parks
Folder 4: Article re. Dudley Cooper
Folder 5: Article for Warner Twyford
Folder 6: Bath House Construction
Folder 7: Cost Estimates re. Fire, Novmember 8, 1964
Folder 8: Electrical Damages Due to Fire, November 8, 1964
Folder 9: Golden Anniversary 1919-1969: Maury High School Class of 1919 Program, July 26, 1969
Folder 10: Maury Commodore Yearbook, 1919
Folder 11: Motel Postcards – Lafayette Motor Hotel, Ocean Ranch Motel, undated
Folder 12: Movie-"Roller Coaster", 1976
Folder 13: Ocean View Postcards, undated
Folder 14: Prices-Rides, undated
Folder 15: Questionnaire-Ocean View Park, 1968
Folder 16: Schedule of Insurance
Folder 17: Sketches-Ocean View Amusement Park Sign
Folder 18: Tickets
Series VII: Scrapbooks
Oversize Box 15
Item 1: Scrapbook (Seaview Beach), 1948-1949
Item 2: Scrapbook (Ocean View Park), 1949-1952
Oversize Box 16
Item 1: Scrapbook (Seaside Park), 1949-1954
Item 2: Scrapbook (Ocean View Park), 1953-1955
Item 3: Scrapbook (All Parks), 1954
Oversize Box 17
Item 1: Scrapbook (All Parks), 1955-1956
Item 2: Scrapbook (All Parks), 1960
Oversize Box 18
Item 1: Scrapbook (Ocean View and Seaside Parks Ads plus Miscellaneous News Items), 1963
Item 2: Scrapbook (All Parks Newspaper Ads and Publicity), 1964
Oversize Box 19
Item 1: Scrapbook (All Parks), 1965
Item 2: Scrapbook (All Parks), 1966-1967
Series VIII: Oversize Certificates, Photographs and Plaques, circa 1923-1979
Oversize Box 20
Folder 1
Item 1: Anti-Defamation League Lifetime Achievement Award, Mary and Dudley Cooper, 1991 September 5
2 copies
Item 2: Certificate of Membership, Ambassador’s Society of Trustees, Dudley Cooper, 1989
Item 3: Ambassador’s Society of Trustees Award of Honor, Dudley Cooper, 1987
Item 4: Ambassador’s Society of Trustees Certificate of Membership, Dudley Cooper, 1988
Folder 2
Item 1: Honorary Citizen and Goodwill Ambassador, City of Houston, Texas, Dudley Cooper
Item 2: Photograph - U.S.O.-J.W.B. at 222 Plume Street, circa 1950-1960
Folder 3
Item 1: Drawing Presented to Dudley Cooper One of the Original Founders by the Virginia Chapter of Young Audiences, 1979 October 20
Oversize Box 21
Item 1: Plaque - Norfolk Jewish Community Council Community Service Award, Dr. Dudley Cooper, 1946
Item 2: Plaque - Arnold Gamsey Lodge No. 1195 of B’Nai B’Rith, Distinguished Service Award, Dudley Cooper, 1975 May 4
Map-case C10
Item 9: Panoramic Photograph of Ocean View Amusement Park, circa 1925
Photograph by Long's Studios of Norfolk, Virginia.
Item 10: Members of New York Union Printers Baseball League and Norfollk-Portsmouth Typographical Union No. 32, 1925 August 30
Photograph by Long's Studios of Norfolk, Virginia.
Item 11: Panoramic View of Norfolk's Popular Resort: Ocean View, circa 1945-1955
Panoramic view of the Ocean View Amusement Park as seen from the ocean.
Series IX: Maps and Architectural Drawings
Map-case C10
Item 1: Drawing: Chesapeake Bay- Mean High Water as of December 1, 1923, March 22, 1924
Item 2: Composite Map showing Nansemond Hotel Property and Adjoining Parcels, July 21, 1942
Item 3: Drawing: Proposed Street Layout at Ocean View- Norfolk, Virginia, June 1927; Revised October 18, 1927
Item 6: Architectural Drawing: Plot Plan- New Buildings at Ocean View Amusement Park, Post Fire, December 14, 1964
Item 7: Six drawings-Architectural Drawing: Vicinity Plan/Site Plan-Chesapeake Bay House; Architectural Blueprint: First Floor Plan-Chesapeake Bay House; Architectural Blueprint: Roof Plan/Typical Floor Plan-Chesapeake Bay House; Architectural Blueprint: Apartment Layouts S, 1, 1D, 2 ,2B & 3-Chesapeake Bay House; Architectural Drawing: Left & Front Elevation-Chesapeake Bay House; Architectural Drawing: Wall Section & Section thru Building- Chesapeake Bay House, December 14, 1965
Poster Tube 1
Item 1: Map showing Contiguous Properties of Wells Ocean View Investment Inc. and The City of Norfolk, at Ocean View- Norfolk, Virginia (70A and 70B), undated
Item 2: Architectural Drawing: Ocean View Amusement Park- Norfolk, Virginia, December 1960

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Correspondence],
[Series II: Legal Documents],
[Series III: Financial Documents],
[Series IV: Printed Material],
[Series V: Photographs],
[Series VI: Miscellaneous],
[Series VII: Scrapbooks],
[Series VIII: Oversize Certificates, Photographs and Plaques, circa 1923-1979],
[Series IX: Maps and Architectural Drawings],

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