Special Collections of the ODU Libraries

The Independent Collection, 1680-1936 | Special Collections and University Archives

By Elizabeth Vincelette

Collection Overview

Title: The Independent Collection, 1680-1936

ID: 00/MG 83

Primary Creator: Ward, W.H.

Extent: 0.4 Linear Feet. More info below.

Arrangement: The collection has been organized into five series: Series I: Editorial Correspondence of The Independent; Series II: Literary Authors and Papers on American Theater; Series III: Historical Manuscripts and Documents; Series IV: Miscellaneous Literary and Political Correspondence; and Series V: William and Mary Norfolk Campus Library Correspondence.

Date Acquired: 02/18/2005

Subjects: American newspapers, Barnum, P. T. (Phineas Taylor), 1810-1891, Bowen, Henry Chandler, 1813-1896, Chew, Samuel, College of William and Mary. Norfolk Division, College of William and Mary. Norfolk Division--Hughes Library, Congregationalists--United States, Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890, Furness, Horace Howard, 1833-1912, Furness, Horace Howard, 1865-1930, Gray, Asa, 1810-1888, Independent (Newspaper), Ward, William Hayes, 1835-1916

Languages: English

Abstract

Primarily comprised of correspondence of William Hayes Ward, editor of The Independent, a New York Congregationalist weekly, with notable literary and historical figures including General John Charles Frémont, American explorer and expedition leader; P. T. Barnum, showman; and Asa Gray, the preeminent American botanist of the 19th century. Other items in the collection include American literature and theater papers; colonial historical manuscripts and documents; and correspondence with the library of Norfolk division of the College of William and Mary (the predecessor of Old Dominion University).

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The bulk of the collection contains the correspondence of William Hayes Ward, editor of The Independent, a New York Congregationalist weekly, with notable literary and historical figures. Some of the correspondents in the collection include General John Charles Frémont, American explorer and expedition leader; P. T. Barnum, showman; and Asa Gray, the preeminent American botanist of the 19th century. Other items in the collection include American literature and theater papers, colonial historical manuscripts and documents, and correspondence with the library of the Norfolk Division of the College of William and Mary, the predecessor of Old Dominion University.

The Editorial Correspondence of The Independent, Series I, has been digitized and can be found in the Old Dominion Univeristy Libraries Digital Collections.

This collection does not include physical copies of the Independent newspaper. Several volumes of the newspaper have been digitized by the Hathi Trust.

Collection Historical Note

The Independent was a New York weekly newspaper founded in 1848 by Henry Chandler Bowen. The Congregationalist journal, which was published until 1921, included social topics, primarily opposition to slavery and religious articles, but after the Civil War included literary submissions. Editors included, among others, Henry Ward Beecher, Theodore Tilton, Kinsley Twining, Hamilton Holt, William Hayes Ward, and his sister, Susan Hayes Ward.

William Hayes Ward (1835-1916) was born in Abingdon, Massachusetts, on June 25, 1835. He graduated with distinction from Amherst College in 1856 and from Andover Theological seminary in 1859. He married Ellen Maria Dickinson in 1859. Dr. Ward served as a professor of Latin at Ripon College in Wisconsin and was a prominent orientalist and biblical scholar in his later years. In 1868 he left Ripon College to join the editorial staff of The Independent. In 1884, he led an expedition to Babylonia to examine archeological sites, and became president of the American Oriental Society, a position held twice, from 1890-1894 and 1909-1910. He specialized in studying designs of Babylonian and Assyrian seal cylinders, which were used in ancient record-keeping.

Showing a lifelong concern for social issues in the newspaper and in private life, William Hayes Ward upheld African-American rights and opened the first conference held by the NAACP in 1909 in New York City. He was editor-in-chief of The Independent from 1896-1913 and is known for supporting poet Sidney Lanier, whose work was frequently published in the paper, and about whom Dr. Ward wrote a biographical memoir.

Horace Howard Furness, Sr., 1833-1912, was an important American Shakespeare scholar. He was known for his editing of Shakespeare's plays, which contained numerous editions of plays as well as criticism. His son, Horace Howard Furness, Jr., 1865-1930, was a partner and successor of his father's work and edited his letters. Samuel Chew was a renowned literary critic in the early twentieth century.

Subject/Index Terms

American newspapers
Barnum, P. T. (Phineas Taylor), 1810-1891
Bowen, Henry Chandler, 1813-1896
Chew, Samuel
College of William and Mary. Norfolk Division
College of William and Mary. Norfolk Division--Hughes Library
Congregationalists--United States
Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890
Furness, Horace Howard, 1833-1912
Furness, Horace Howard, 1865-1930
Gray, Asa, 1810-1888
Independent (Newspaper)
Ward, William Hayes, 1835-1916

Administrative Information

Repository: Special Collections and University Archives

Alternate Extent Statement: 1 Hollinger Document Case

Access Restrictions: Open to researchers without restrictions.

Use Restrictions: Before publishing quotations or excerpts from any materials, permission must be obtained from Special Collections and University Archives, and the holder of the copyright, if not Old Dominion University Libraries.

Acquisition Source: Unknown provenance

Acquisition Method:

Gift. Accession #A2005-1

Some of the papers were discovered in the 1980s among a collection of rare books owned by the Old Dominion University library which had been purchased from a New York City bookstore.

Related Materials: The Editorial Correspondence of The Independent, Series I, has been digitized and can be found in the Old Dominion Univeristy Libraries Digital Collections.

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Box [insert number], Folder [insert number and title], The Independent Collection, Special Collections and University Archives, Old Dominion University Libraries.

Processing Information: The collection was processed by By Elizabeth Vincelette.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series I: Editorial Correspondence of The Independent, 1866-1917],
[Series II: Literary Authors and Papers on American Theater, 1896-1913],
[Series III: Historical Manuscripts and Documents, circa 1680-1795],
[Series IV: Miscellaneous Literary and Political Correspondence, 1930-1936],
[Series V: William and Mary Norfolk Campus Library Correspondence., 1958-1960],
[All]

Series I: Editorial Correspondence of The Independent, 1866-1917

This series includes letters to the editors. Arrangement is the original order of letters found in a scrapbook, which the creator organized roughly by subject.

This series has been scanned and can be found in the Old Dominion University Libraries Digital Collections.

Box 1
Folder 1: Scrapbook, Page 1, 1866
Item 1: From Bayard Taylor to My Dear Sir., July 18, 1866.
Folder 2: Scrapbook, Page 2, 1880-1881
Item 1: Seal of North American Construction Company Puerto Cabella.
Item 2: From J. T. Trowbridge to W. H. Ward., December 15, 1880.
Item 3: From J. T. Trowbridge to W. H. Ward., January 5, 1881.
Item 4: From General Charles Frémont to Mr. Bowen (Henry Chandler Bowen)., Oct. 31, 1880.
Folder 3: Scrapbook, Page 3, 1880
Item 1: Signature of Charles Sumner., undated
Three signatures
Item 2: Business card. United States Coast Survey Office, Capt. of Eng'rs, As't in Charge.
Item 3: Signature of U. S. President J. A. Garfield.
Item 4: Signature of Louis Kingsley, Lieutenant and Executive Officer.
Item 5: From Henry M. Hoyt to Henry C. Bowen., November 19, 1880.
Item 6: From E. C. Stedman to W. H. Ward., June 29, 1880.
Folder 4: Scrapbook, Page 4, 1880
Item 1: To "Dear Sir" from S. Newcomb (Simon Newcomb)., Nov. 23, 1880.
Item 2: To "Gentlemen" from Lewis Swift., September 28, 1880.
Folder 5: Scrapbook, Page 5, 1880
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from James McCosh., No date.
Item 2: To William H. Ward from James H. Fairchild., November 15, 1880.
Folder 6: Scrapbook, Page 6, 1880-1881
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from Leonard Bacon., Jan. 13, 1881.
Item 2: To "My Dear Sir" from J. W. Nicer., June 20, 1880.
Folder 7: Scrapbook, Page 7, 1880-1881
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from Justin McCarthy., January 15, 1881.
Item 2: To Editor of The Independent from Epes Sargent., November 24, 1880.
Folder 8: Scrapbook, Page 8, 1880-1881
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from Timothy Dwight., July 27, 1881.
Item 2: To W. H. Ward from W. D. Whitney., November 26, 1880.
Folder 9: Scrapbook, Page 9, 1880
Item 1: To Henry C. Bowen from Charles W. Eliot., November 17, 1880.
Item 2: To Henry C. Bowen from Horace Maynard., December 9, 1880.
Folder 10: Scrapbook, Page 10, 1880
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from Joseph Cook., November 8, 1880.
Item 2: To Editor of The Independent from P. T. Barnum., July 17, 1880.
Folder 11: Scrapbook, Page 11, 1880
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from Asa Gray., February 1, 1880.
Item 2: To W. H. Ward from Asa Gray., August 2, 1880.
Item 3: To Editor of The Independent from Asa Gray., August 4, 1880.
Item 4: To W. H. Ward from Asa Gray., September 2, 1880.
Item 5: To Henry C. Bowen from Alexander H. Stephens., November 21, 1880.
Folder 12: Scrapbook, Page 12, 1880
Item 1: To My Dear Friends from Stephen [last name illegible]., February 26, 1880.
Item 2: To W. H. Ward from T. De Witt Talmage., No date.
Folder 13: Scrapbook, Page 13, 1879-1880
Item 1: To William H. Ward from Harriet P. Spofford., November 5, 1880.
Item 2: To Editor of the Independent from James Freeman Clarke., November 6, 1879.
Folder 14: Scrapbook, Page 14, 1879-1880
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from Howard Crosby., February 23, 1880.
Item 2: To W. H. Ward from R. S. Storrs., Oct. 15, 1879.
Item 3: To W. H. Ward from R. S. Storrs., December 16, [no year].
Folder 15: Scrapbook, Page 15, 1880
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from Joseph Cook., August 24, 1880.
Item 2: To W. H. Ward from [unreadable]., Feb. 22, 1880.
Folder 16: Scrapbook, Page 16, 1880
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from H. E. Scudder., March 22, 1880.
Item 2: To W. H. Ward from H. E. Scudder., Sept. 6, 1880.
Item 3: To Sir from [unreadable]., Dec. 7, 1880.
Folder 17: Scrapbook, Page 17, 1880
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from John Sherman., June 24, 1880.
Item 2: To W. H. Ward from John Sherman., June 15, 1880.
Folder 18: Scrapbook, Page 18, 1880
Item 1: Envelope addressed to Dr. S. B. Ward from Grover Cleveland., No date.
Item 2: To Dr. Ward from Mary Clemmer., Nov. 9, 1880.
Item 3: Scrap with signature of U. S. Grant, U. S. President., No date.
Folder 19: Scrapbook, Page 19, 1880
Item 1: To Editor Independent from Abby Morton Diaz., June 25, [no year].
Item 2: To Dr. W. H. Ward from Rose Terry Cooke., July 26, 1880.
Folder 20: Scrapbook, Page 20, 1881
Item 1: To Dr. Ward from Grace Greenwood (Mrs. Lippincott)., Jan. 22, 1881.
Item 2: To William Hayes Ward from Harriet P. Spofford., June 17, [no year].
Item 3: Manuscript of a poem entitled "Faithful." [In pencil identified as by Rose Terry Cooke.], No date.
Folder 21: Scrapbook, Page 21, 1880
Item 1: To Mr. Ward from Lucy Stone concerning the Woman's Journal, June 7, 1880
Item 2: Manuscript of the Poem "A Strange Country" by S. M. B. Piatt, undated
Folder 22: Scrapbook, Page 22, 1880
Item 1: To Henry C. Bowen from Benjamin F. Butler., Nov. 19, 1880.
Folder 23: Loose Items Not in Scrapbook, 1879-1917
Item 1: To W. H. Ward from S. E. Wallace., Nov. 21, 1879.
Item 2: To W. H. Ward from Helen Hunt Jackson., No date.
Item 3: To The editor of The Independent from Rose Hawthorne Lathrop., November, 1880.
Item 4: From W. H. Ward to Miss Jeffries., January 24, 1881.
Item 5: To Sir from Sidney Lanier., July 19, 1880.
Item 6: To My Dear Solomon from Herbert B. Tree., Feb. 7, 1917.
Item 7: To Editor Independent from Wendell Phillips., No date.
Item 8: To W. H. Ward from Edward S. Hale., June 22, 1880.
Item 9: To My dear Dr. from J. W. Miller (Cincinnatus Hiner)., Feb. 3, 1881.
Item 10: From P. T. Barnum to Editor of the Independent., July 13, 1880.
Folder 24: Loose Items Not in Scrapbook, 1879-1881
Item 1: Index of names., No date.
Item 2: Note with name and address of Mrs. D. H. Cole. Note indicating contents are from the estate of the Misses Elmira and Mayrea Noyes., No date.
Item 3: To William Hayes Ward from Lucy Stone., June 2, 1880.
Item 4: Manuscript entitled A Thanksgiving,a poem. By Rose Terry Cooke., No date.
Item 5: To Dr. from K. Sautorn [?]., No Date.
Item 6: Manuscript entitled Unanswered, a poem. By Louise Chandler Moulton., No date.
Item 7: To Dear Friend from A. C. Coxe [?]., Jan. 15, [no year].
Item 8: To William Hayes Ward from Josiah Quincy., August 23, 1880.
Item 9: To William Hayes Ward from Dudley Buck., October 22, 1880.
Item 10: To Dear Sir from Josiah Quincy., January 8, 1881.
Item 11: To My Dear Rev. from [unreadable]., October 19, 1880.
Item 12: From William Hayes Ward to Mrs. Jeffries., August 6, 1880.
Item 13: From William Hayes Ward to Miss Jeffries., November 10, 1880.
Item 14: To William Hayes Ward from [unreadable]., June 10, 1880.
Item 15: To William Hayes Ward from Sarah Woolsey., January 4, 1881.
Item 16: To William Hayes Ward from T. D. Crosby., July 12, 1880.
Item 17: Manuscript of George Eliot, a poem. By Elizabeth Stuart Phelps., January 26, 1881.
Item 18: Poem for Sandford R. Gifford by R. H. Stoddard, undated
Item 19: Signature of E. Simpson, Commodore, undated
Item 20: Signature of D.G. Farragut, Admiral, United States Navy, undated
Item 21: To William Hayes Ward from C. Schurz, Secretary of the Interior, August 23, 1880
Item 22: To William Hayes Ward from Josiah Quincy, August 23, 1880
Item 23: To Dr. Ward from E.S. Phelps, July 19, 1880
Item 24: To Dr. Ward from N. Porter, December 17, 1879
Item 25: To Dr. Ward from Joseph Cook, February 3, 1880
Item 26: Scrap of Paper Inscribed Amos F. Boyden at 28 of School Street in Boston", October 13, 1879
Item 27: Signature of Charles Guiteau, Assassin of President James A. Garfield, circa 1881
Item 28: To Editor of the Independent from A.H. Garland, Arkansas Senator, November 24, 1880
Item 29: To H.C. Bowen from W.H.H. Murray, undated
Item 30: To Henry C. Bowen from R.E. Withers, Virginia Senator, November 18, 1880
Item 31: To William Hayes Ward from John P. St. John, Governor of Kansas, January 3, 1881
Item 32: Signature of E. Simpson, Commodore, United States Navy., No date.
Item 33: Signature of Th. Wilson, Senator from Massachusetts., No date.
Item 34: To Doctor [W. H. Ward] from James Redpath., April 6, 1880.
Item 35: To Henry C. Bowen from Hon. Francis Kernum., November 18, 1880.
Item 36: To My Dear Sir from George F. Hoar., June 30, 1880.
Item 37: To William Hayes Ward from George F. Edmund., June 21, 1880.
Item 38: To William Hayes Ward from George Hepworth., No date.
Item 39: To William Hayes Ward from Ray Palmer., November 13, [no year].
Item 40: To William Hayes Ward from Mary Clemmer., August 24, 1880.
Item 41: To Henry C. Bowen from Hon. Charles W. Jones., November 18, 1880.
Item 42: To William Hayes Ward from N. Porter (Noah)., April [7], 1880.
Item 43: To William Hayes Ward from H. C. Owen., July 23, 1880.
Item 44: To Mr. Bowen from S. B. Chittenden., November 17, 1880.
Item 45: To William Hayesn Ward from T. S. Cuyler., January 22, 1881.
Item 46: To William Hayes Ward from F. S. P. Barnard., August 23, 1880.
Item 47: To Dear Sir from R. S. Storrs., December 21, [no year].
Item 48: To William Hayes Ward from Edward Kimball., May 21, 1880.
Item 49: To William Hayes Ward from James Redpath., June 16, 1880.
Item 50: To William Hayes Ward from Neal Dow., November 17, 1880.
Item 51: To William Hayes Ward from James Redpath., February 5, 1880.
Item 52: To William Hayes Ward from Sarah Woolsey., March 22, 1880.
Item 53: To William Hayes Ward from Helen Hunt Jackson., April 19, [no year].
Item 54: Manuscript for The Yellow Crocus, a poem. By Helen Hunt Jackson., April 22, 1880.
Item 55: To Henry C. Bowen from H. B. Anthony., November 23, 1880.
Item 56: Manuscript and Transcript of Poem In Death's Despite by Celia Thaxter, undated
Item 57: To William Hayes Ward from Elizabeth Cady Stanton., May 4, [no year].
Item 58: To William Hayes Ward from Elizabeth Cady Stanton., August 23, [no year].
Item 59: To William Hayes Ward from Celia Thaxter., July 7, 1880.
Item 60: To William Hayes Ward from Elizabeth Cady Stanton., September 20, [no year].
Item 61: To William Hayes Ward from Harriet Waters Preston., December 7, 1880.
Item 62: To William Hayes Ward from David Swing., October 14, 1880.
Item 63: Manuscript. Opinion of David Swing regarding ex-presidents becoming senators for life., No date.
Item 64: To William Hayes Ward from Louise Chandler Moulton., March 3, 1880.
Item 65: To William Hayes Ward from A. [?] Coxe., August 19, 1880.
Item 66: To William Hayes Ward from S. C. Bartlett [Samuel C. Bartlett]., July 8, 1880.
Item 67: To Editor of Independent from G. G. Vest., November 27, 1880.
Item 68: To William Hayes Ward from Henry Van Dyke., January 21, 1881.
Item 69: To Henry C. Bowen from William S. Wallace., November 17, 1880.
Series II: Literary Authors and Papers on American Theater, 1896-1913
This series includes the correspondence of Samuel Chew and Horace Howard Furness, Jr., and Sr. Several letters in this series contain transcriptions that incorrectly attribute the letters of Horace Howard Furness, Jr., to Horace Howard Furness, Sr. and vice versa.
Box 1
Folder 25: John Ruskin, undated
Item 1: Letter from John Ruskin., No date.
Item 2: Note that says Ruskin letter to mother [Thom]., No date.
Folder 26: Washington Irving, undated
Item 1: Manuscript excerpt from Irving book The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus., No date.
Item 2: Transcription of excerpt., No date.
Item 3: Photocopy of the pages of The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus that match the handwritten manuscript., No date.
Item 4: Photocopy of Irving's signature from a book., No date.
Item 5: Envelope with letterhead of Norfolk campus of College of William and Mary labeled Washington Irving., December 13, 1962.
Folder 27: Papers on American Theater, 1896-1913
Item 1: To Mr. Chew from Julia Marlowe., Feb. 12, 1906.
Item 2: To "Dear Sir" from Sidney Lee., Feb. 16, 1905.
Item 3: To "My Dear Sir" from Henry Irving., Jan. 11, 1896.
Item 4: To "Dear Sir" from R. Garnett., June 15, 1906.
Item 5: From Horace Howard Furness to My dear boy., April 1, 1906.
Item 6: From Horace Howard Furness. Letter to My dear boy., February 21, 1906.
Item 7: From Horace Howard Furness to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., Feb. 13, 1906.
Item 8: From Horace Howard Furness to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., December 17, 1906.
Item 9: From H. H. Furness to "My Dear Sam" [Mr. Chew]., July 28, 1911
Item 10: From Horace Howard Furness, Jr., to Mr. Chew., Feb. 8, 1906.
Item 11: From Horace Howard Furness, Jr. to Mr. Chew., October 19, 1905.
Item 12: Newspaper article, "Tributes Paid to Furness' Memory." No byline., No date.
Item 13: Article about performance given by Mr. E. H. Sothern and Miss Julia Marlowe of Shakespeare's comedy Twelfth Night., No date.
Item 14: Photograph of Dr. Horace Howard Furness, Jr., No date.
Item 15: Envelope with letterhead of Norfolk campus of College of William and Mary marked "Letters removed from S'peare variorum.", No date.
Item 16: Envelope to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., Feb. 26, 1906.
Item 17: Envelope to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., April 2, 1906.
Item 18: Envelope to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., Date unreadable.
Item 19: Envelope to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., Date unreadable.
Item 20: Envelope to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., August 9, 1912.
Item 21: Envelope to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., Jul. 22, 1911.
Item 22: Envelope to Mr. Samuel C. Chew., July 28, 1911.
Series III: Historical Manuscripts and Documents, circa 1680-1795
Includes a printed copy of a speech by Charles II and American colonial documents.
Box 1
Folder 28: Charles II Speech, 1680
Item 1: Printed copy of speech by King Charles II. Wing C3159., 1680.
Folder 29: Permission for Duties, 1795
Item 1: For Henry Barrow, Surveyor for the County of Southampton. Signed by Governor Robert Brooke., April 24, 1795.
Item 2: Permission of duties for Henry Barrow approved by president and professors of William and Mary College., March 10, 1795.
Folder 30: Land Deed, 1777 December
Item 1: Certifies Thomas Bonyer [?] to land per royal proclamation of 1763. Signed and sealed by Lord Dunmore. Document addressed to surveyor of Fincastle County., Dec. 1, 177[?].
Series IV: Miscellaneous Literary and Political Correspondence, 1930-1936
Box 1
Folder 31: Kenneth Roberts Correspondence, undated
Item 1: Letter from Kenneth Roberts to Elizabeth Urban., No date.
Folder 32: S.W. Jackson Correspondence, 1936
Item 1: To Mr. S. W. Jackson from [Mayberry?]., November 10, 1936.
Folder 33: Alexander Robertson Correspondence, 1931
Item 1: To Mr. Brown from Alexander Robertson., Nov. 30, 1931.
Folder 34: Unlabeled Manuscript, undated
Item 1: Manuscript appears to be poem, "The Ragpicker" by Thomas Dunn English., No date.
Series V: William and Mary Norfolk Campus Library Correspondence., 1958-1960
This series includes correspondence concerning library collections.
Box 1
Folder 35: W. C. Pollard, 1960
Item 1: To Mr. Pollard from Annette Parsons., July 29, 1960.
Folder 36: Hugh Blair Grigsby, 1958
Item 1: To H. B. Grigsby from P. E. Read., No date.
Item 2: Envelope addressed to Library at William and Mary at Norfolk. Note on envelope says it contains a "letter from H. B. Grigsby book.", October 13, 1958.
Folder 37: Berkeley Minor Correspondence, undated
Item 1: To Miss Emily Christian from Berkeley Minor., October 19, [no year].

Browse by Series:

[Series I: Editorial Correspondence of The Independent, 1866-1917],
[Series II: Literary Authors and Papers on American Theater, 1896-1913],
[Series III: Historical Manuscripts and Documents, circa 1680-1795],
[Series IV: Miscellaneous Literary and Political Correspondence, 1930-1936],
[Series V: William and Mary Norfolk Campus Library Correspondence., 1958-1960],
[All]

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